adverse childhood experiences

Representation of Adverse Childhood Experiences Linked with Lower Public Stigma Towards People Who Use Drugs

Sumnall, H. R., Hamilton, I., Atkinson, A. M., Montgomery, C., & Gage, S. H. (2020). Representation of adverse childhood experiences is associated with lower public stigma towards people who use drugs: an exploratory experimental study. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 1-13.

Public stigma towards people who use substances can impact people seeking support and treatment outcomes. It can also influence how public health policy is shaped and accepted.

Researchers have been interested in understanding how people appraise substance use and whether attitudes can be changed if they frame substance use in different ways.

Brain Builder Learning Cards: Adverse Childhood Experiences

Created by

This resource presents five concepts critical to understanding adverse childhood experiences and their impact on brain development and health.

The concepts are part of the Brain Story and include:

  1. brain architecture 
  2. serve-and-return interactions
  3. toxic stress,
  4. air traffic control (executive function)
  5. resilience.

This resource is intended for commercial printing.

Domestic Violence, Substance Misuse and Mental Ill-health: The Toxic Trio

Skinner, G. C., Bywaters, P. W., Bilson, A., Duschinsky, R., Clements, K., & Hutchinson, D. (2020). The ‘Toxic Trio’(domestic violence, substance misuse and mental ill-health): how good is the evidence base?. Children and Youth Services Review, 105678.
Publication Date

Within research examining adverse childhood experiences, the toxic trio describes the risk of child abuse and neglect stemming from a child’s exposure to domestic violence, parental mental health issues and/or learning disability, and  parental substance misuse. 

In this systematic review, researchers examine the evidence underpinning the ‘toxic trio’ in child safeguarding policy and practice.

Trauma Informed Care for Alcohol and Other Drug (AOD) Practice

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Trauma, especially during childhood, can negatively impact the way our brains develop.

Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are potentially traumatic events experienced before reaching the age of 18, including but not limited to abuse or neglect in childhood and distressing family events such as witnessing domestic violence or a parent going to prison. 

An Investigation into the Lasting Impact of Exposure to Alcohol and Drugs During Foetal Life

Koponen, A. M., Nissinen, N. M., Gissler, M., Sarkola, T., Autti-Rämö, I., & Kahila, H. (2019). Cohort profile: ADEF Helsinki–a longitudinal register-based study on exposure to alcohol and drugs during foetal life. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 1455072519885719.

It is well recognised that substance use during pregnancy can harm the developing foetus, leading to potential cognitive dysfunction and mental and behavioural difficulties in later life.

Longitudinal studies, which track participants over an extended amount of time, allow researchers to examine specific factors that may influence the growth and development of an individual. 

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs)- Evidence Briefing

Published by
The British Psychological Society

There is a pressing need to protect the wellbeing of children growing up within our society.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are highly stressful events or situations that happen during childhood and/or adolescence. 

There is clear evidence that links ACEs and a wide range of health and social problems across the lifespan.