Association of Opioids Prescribed to Family Members With Opioid Overdose Among Adolescents and Young Adults

Nguyen AP, Glanz JM, Narwaney KJ, Binswanger IA. Association of Opioids Prescribed to Family Members With Opioid Overdose Among Adolescents and Young Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e201018. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.1018
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Importance: Family members are cited as a common source of prescription opioids used for nonmedical reasons. However, the overdose risk associated with exposure to opioids prescribed to family members among adolescents and young adults is not well established.

Association of Opioid Use with Pain and Satisfaction after Dental Extraction

Nalliah, R. P., Sloss, K. R., & Kenney, B. C. (2020). Association of opioid use with pain and satisfaction after dental extraction. JAMA Network Open, 3(3). doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0901
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Opioid prescriptions increased by 68% from 2010 to 2016 for new dental procedures among people not previously prescribed opioids. This study sheds light on the potential of unnecessary prescribing of opioids for dental procedures especially for people never prescribed opioids prior to their procedure.

Long Term Change among People who Inject Drugs

Dong, H., Hayashi, K., Singer, J., Milloy, M. J., DeBeck, K., Wood, E., & Kerr, T. (2019). Trajectories of injection drug use among people who use drugs in Vancouver, Canada, 1996-2017: Growth mixture modeling using data from prospective cohort studies. Addiction, 114(12), 2173-2186. doi: 10.1111/add.14756
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The link is to Recovery Research Institute's summary of the findings from this long term longitudinal study of injection drug users in Vancouver Canada. It reports that there are five different trajectories for people who inject drugs. Twenty-four percent of study participants died in the ten year study time frame.

14th European Congress on Heroin Addiction & Related Clinical Problems


EUROPAD exists to improve the lives of opiate misusers and their families and to reduce the impact of illicit drug use on society as a whole.

The association works to develop opiate addiction treatment in Europe but also aims to make a major contribution to the knowledge of, and attitudes to, addiction treatment worldwide.

Exploring Opioid Overdose Incidence in a Cohort of People Who Inject Drugs

Sydney, Australia,

Opioid overdose is a significant public health issue, with people who inject drugs (PWID) a key risk group. However, there is little contemporary information on opioid overdose incidence in Australia and limited evidence of the impact of factors affecting incidence among PWID. Further evidence on the risk and protective factors of an opioid overdose will help determine how to prevent these overdoses from occurring.

Opioid Use Disorder: A Nature Reviews Primer

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Abstract | Opioid use disorder (OUD) is a chronic relapsing disorder that, whilst initially driven by activation of brain reward neurocircuits, increasingly engages anti-reward neurocircuits that drive adverse emotional states and relapse. However, successful recovery is possible with appropriate treatment, although with a persisting propensity to relapse.