risk factors

IJERPH - Special Issue "Risk Behaviors and Substance Abuse among Adolescents"

The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health—IJERPH (ISSN 1660-4601, IF 2.468) is currently running a Special Issue "Risk Behaviors and Substance Abuse among Adolescents". Prof. Dr. Marta Lima-Serrano (University of Sevilla), Prof. Dr. Isotta Mac Fadden (University Pablo de Olavide, Global Center for Applied Health Research from the Arizona State University), Prof. Dr. Elena Gervilla (University of the Balearic Islands and the Balearic Islands Health Research Institute) and Prof. Dr. Alexandra Morales (Miguel

Interdependence of Risk and Protective Factors on Early Initiation of Substance Use

Citation
Trujillo, C. A., Obando, D., & Trujillo, A. (2019). An examination of the association between early initiation of substance use and interrelated multilevel risk and protective factors among adolescents. PLoS ONE 14(12). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0225384
Publication Date

The most important predictor for SUD later in life is early initiation of substance use during adolescence, thus prevention programs must target youth in delaying the onset of age of initiation. However, the interaction between both risk and protective factors on early initiation of substance use is not well studied.

Association between Substance Use and Personality among Mexico City’s School Children Aged 10-13

Citation
Maldonado, M. T. S., Natera-Rey, G., & Lozada, C. E. C. (2019). Association between substance use and personality among school children aged 10-13. Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, 5(2), 1-7.

Abstract

Introduction: Substance use is a problem that requires prevention strategies since childhood. It has been noticed that certain personality traits can play an important role in substance use in adolescence and early adulthood. It is essential to study the factors associated with substance use in order to develop and implement preventive interventions.

Prioritising Action on Alcohol for Health and Development

Citation
Rekve, D., Banatvala, N., Karpati, A., Tarlton, D., Westerman, L., Sperkova, K., ... & Monteiro, M. (2019). Prioritising action on alcohol for health and development. bmj, 367.
Publication Date

Globally, alcohol consumption is estimated to cause more than 10% of the burden of noncommunicable diseases, including cirrhosis of the liver, respiratory disease, pancreatitis, cancers (oral and pharynx, larynx, oesophagus, liver, colorectal), strokes and hypertension.

Different Risk Factors Are Associated with Alcohol Use versus Problematic Use in Male Pakistani Adolescents

Published by
Salman Shahzad, Wendy Kliewer, Muzaffar Ali and Nasreen Begum
Publication Date

Abstract

Substance abuse is a significant problem in Pakistan (Hussain, 2017), yet, there are few studies of risk factors in this population, particularly in remote areas. Male adolescents (N = 243; M = 16.9 years, SD = 1.3 years) were recruited from schools in Gilgit‐Baltistan, and completed questions on demographics, substance use, and psychosocial functioning.

Cannabis Use among Adolescents: Risk Pattern, Implications and Possible Explanatory Variables

Citation
Rial, A.; Burkhart, G.; Isorna, M.; Barreiro, C.; Varela, J.; Golpe, S. Cannabis use among adolescents: Risk pattern, implications and possible explanatory variables. Adicciones 2018

According to the Spanish Survey on Drug Use in Secondary Schools (ESTUDES), cannabis remains the most used illegal substance among Spanish adolescents, with around 3 out of 10 students reporting lifetime use. 

Alcohol’s Secondhand Harms: Prevalence and Risk Factors

Citation
Nayak, M. B., Patterson, D., Wilsnack, S. C., Karriker-Jaffe, K. J., & Greenfield, T. K. (2019). Alcohol’s secondhand harms in the United States: New data on prevalence and risk factors. Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs, 80(3), 273-281.
Publication Date

Harmful drinking can have severe physical and psychological consequences for the person consuming alcohol. However, the negative impact does not just stop at the individual level.

Changing Perceptions: How Harmful Is Drinking in Later Life?

Citation
Soler-Vila, Hosanna, Rosario Ortolá, Esther García-Esquinas, Luz Mª León-Muñoz, and Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo. "Changes in Alcohol Consumption and Associated Variables among Older Adults in Spain: A population-based cohort study." Scientific reports 9, no. 1 (2019): 10401.
Publication Date

Given the current growth of ageing populations, alcohol consumption among the elderly has received increased attention.

What is deemed to be a ‘safe’ level of consumption has also been thrown into question, in the light of new evidence of a link between alcohol and illness in later life.

Alcohol Use by Adolescents in Ghana

Citation
Asante, Kwaku Oppong, and Nuworza Kugbey. "Alcohol use by school-going adolescents in Ghana: Prevalence and correlates." Mental Health & Prevention (2019).
Publication Date

Harmful alcohol consumption during adolescence poses a major public health issue as it affects several aspects of young peoples’ health and wellbeing.