United Kingdom

Associations of Alcohol Consumption and Smoking With Disease Risk and Neurodegeneration in Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis in the United Kingdom

Citation
Kleerekooper I, Chua S, Foster PJ, et al. Associations of Alcohol Consumption and Smoking With Disease Risk and Neurodegeneration in Individuals With Multiple Sclerosis in the United Kingdom. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(3):e220902. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.0902
Publication Date
Abstract

Importance  Understanding the effects of modifiable risk factors on risk for multiple sclerosis (MS) and associated neurodegeneration is important to guide clinical counselling.

Objective  To investigate associations of alcohol use, smoking, and obesity with odds of MS diagnosis and macular ganglion cell layer and inner plexiform layer (mGCIPL) thickness.

“Hidden gem” from the ’70s suggests counsellors generate the outcomes they expect. An Effectiveness Bank analysis

Citation
Alcohol Health & Research World: 1977, 1, p. 16-22.
Publication Date

The Effectiveness Bank has stopped routinely issuing research analyses, but we couldn’t leave this gem from the ’70s figuratively gathering dust on the shelves of the British Library. Belied by an under-stated presentation, its practice implications are profound for treatment staff supporting clients with an apparently unpromising prognosis.

Dame Carol Black's Independent Review of Drugs in England

The second part of Dame Carol Black’s Independent Review of Drugs has been published. This report is the second part of a major independent review by Professor Dame Carol Black into the misuse of illegal drugs in England. The first part of the review was commissioned by the Home Office and produced the phase one report, which looked at the challenges around drug supply and demand and was published in February 2020. Dame Carol was