adolescence

National Drug and Alcohol Facts Week

Global Campaign,

Many teenagers are not aware of the risks to their health, to their success in school and the dangers while driving under the influence. When teens are given the scientific facts about drugs, they can be better prepared to make good decisions for themselves and they can share this information with others.

Cannabis Use among Adolescents: Risk Pattern, Implications and Possible Explanatory Variables

Citation
Rial, A.; Burkhart, G.; Isorna, M.; Barreiro, C.; Varela, J.; Golpe, S. Cannabis use among adolescents: Risk pattern, implications and possible explanatory variables. Adicciones 2018

According to the Spanish Survey on Drug Use in Secondary Schools (ESTUDES), cannabis remains the most used illegal substance among Spanish adolescents, with around 3 out of 10 students reporting lifetime use. 

Gender-Specific Substance Use Patterns and Associations with Individual, Family, Peer, and School Factors in 15-Year-Old Portuguese Adolescents: A Latent Class Regression Analysis

Citation
Picoito J, Santos C, Loureiro I, Aguiar P, Nunes C. Gender-specific substance use patterns and associations with individual, family, peer, and school factors in 15-year-old Portuguese adolescents: a latent class regression analysis. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 2019 May 10;13(1):21.
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Background

Adolescence is a critical period of vulnerability to substance use. Recent research has shown that gender differences in adolescence substance use are complex and in constant flux. The present study aims to investigate gender differences in substance use and initiation patterns in male and female adolescents, and to assess individual, family, peer, and school associated factors of these patterns.

Community Response to the Initiation of Smoking in Indonesian Early Adolescents

Citation
Kumboyono, Kumboyono, Achir Yani S. Hamid, Junaiti Sahar, and Saptawati Bardosono. "C10ommunity response to the initiation of smoking in Indonesian early adolescents: a qualitative study." International Journal of Adolescence and Youth (2019): 1-11.
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Prevalence of smoking in Indonesia is on the increase. The trend is particularly noticeable among Indonesian adolescents with smoking in early adolescents increasing from 9.5 to 17.5% from 2001 to 2010.

Alcohol Use by Adolescents in Ghana

Citation
Asante, Kwaku Oppong, and Nuworza Kugbey. "Alcohol use by school-going adolescents in Ghana: Prevalence and correlates." Mental Health & Prevention (2019).
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Harmful alcohol consumption during adolescence poses a major public health issue as it affects several aspects of young peoples’ health and wellbeing.

Alcopops

Published by
Alcohol Justice
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Alcopops are highly sweetened pre-mixed spirit-based drinks which are specially designed and marketed for adolescents and young adults.

Substance Use among Youth with Chronic Medical Conditions

Citation
Weitzman, Elissa R., Parissa K. Salimian, Lily Rabinow, and Sharon Levy. "Perspectives on substance use among youth with chronic medical conditions and implications for clinical guidance and prevention: A qualitative study." PloS one 14, no. 1 (2019): e0209963.
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Adolescence is generally associated with health, development and growth. However, a great number of adolescents are affected by chronic illness - defined as a disability interfering with normal life and/or demanding treatment. Substance use often begins in adolescence. It is important to understand the beliefs and attitudes toward substance use among adolescents growing up with a chronic illness.

Socioeconomic Inequalities in Adolescent Substance Use

Citation
Shackleton, Nichola, Barry John Milne, and John Jerrim. "Socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent substance use: evidence from twenty-four European countries." Substance use & misuse (2019): 1-6.
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There is evidence to suggest clear social and economic inequalities in adolescent smoking and alcohol use. 

A recent study has used data from the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) to examine socioeconomic inequalities in harmful adolescent substance use across 24 European countries at two time points: 2007 (n= 473,877) and 2011 (n= 471,060).