Research

The Check Your Cannabis Screener: A New Online Personalized Feedback Tool

Citation
Cunningham, J. A., & van Mierlo, T. (2009). The Check Your Cannabis Screener: A New Online Personalized Feedback Tool. The Open Medical Informatics Journal, 3, 27–31. http://doi.org/10.2174/1874431100903010027
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Abstract

This brief report describes the development and first year of use of an Internet-based screener for Cannabis users.

Salud mental comunitaria, atención primaria de salud y universidades promotoras de salud en Ecuador

Citation
Camas Baena V. Salud mental comunitaria, atención primaria de salud y universidades promotoras de salud en Ecuador. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018;42:e162. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2018.162
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RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la situación actual de la salud mental en Ecuador. En Ecuador, aunque el modelo de salud mental comunitaria está integrado en los servicios de atención primaria de salud desde hace una década, su implementación no parece tener los resultados esperados.

Ethanol Actions on the Ventral Tegmental Area: Novel Potential Targets on Reward Pathway Neurons

Citation
You, C., Vandegrift, B. & Brodie, M.S. Psychopharmacology (2018) 235: 1711. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-018-4875-y
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Abstract

The ventral tegmental area (VTA) evaluates salience of environmental stimuli and provides dopaminergic innervation to many brain areas affected by acute and chronic ethanol exposure. While primarily associated with rewarding and reinforcing stimuli, recent evidence indicates a role for the VTA in aversion as well.

Low Academic Achievement Can Lead to Substance Use Disorders Later in Life

Citation
Kenneth S. Kendler et al. Academic Achievement and Drug Abuse Risk Assessed Using Instrumental Variable Analysis and Co-relative Designs, JAMA Psychiatry (2018). DOI: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.2337
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A recent study has found that poor academic achievement can lead to substance use disorders later on in life. Data collected from Swedish participants over a period of 15 to 20 years indicate a strong correlation between the low academic achievement and future drug abuse.

Mechanisms of Neuroimmune Gene Induction in Alcoholism

Citation
Crews, F.T. & Vetreno, R.P. Psychopharmacology (2016) 233: 1543. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-015-3906-1
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Abstract

Rationale

Alcoholism is a primary, chronic relapsing disease of brain reward, motivation, memory, and related circuitry. It is characterized by an individual’s continued drinking despite negative consequences related to alcohol use, which is exemplified by alcohol use leading to clinically significant impairment or distress.

Emergency Department Screening and Interventions for Substance Use Disorders

Citation
Hawk and D’Onofrio Addict Sci Clin Pract (2018) 13:18 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-018-0117-1
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Abstract

The emergency department (ED) has long been recognized as providing critical access to the health care system for many, yet only in the past few decades has the ED visit been recognized as an opportunity to identify and link patients to care for substance use disorders (SUDs).

Barriers to Addiction Treatment among Formerly Incarcerated Adults with Substance Use Disorders

Citation
Owens et al. Addict Sci Clin Pract (2018) 13:19 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-018-0120-6
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Abstract

Background

Addiction treatment improves substance use and criminal recidivism outcomes among justice-involved individuals with substance use disorders, but is underutilized.

Mortality in the United States from Self-Injury Surpasses Diabetes: A Prevention Imperative

Citation
Rockett IRH, Caine ED, Connery HS, et al Mortality in the United States from self-injury surpasses diabetes: a prevention imperative Injury Prevention Published Online First: 27 August 2018. doi: 10.1136/injuryprev-2018-042889
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Abstract

This report uses an enhanced conceptualisation of self-injury mortality (SIM), which comprised registered or known suicides by any method and estimated non-suicide deaths from opioid and other drug self-intoxication. SIM surpassed diabetes as a cause of death in the USA in 2015. The gap expanded in 2016 with respective rates of 29.1 and 24.8 per 100 000 population.

Mind the Gap: Putting Evidence into Practice in the Era of Learning Health Systems

Citation
Guise, JM., Savitz, L.A. & Friedman, C.P. J GEN INTERN MED (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-018-4633-1
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Abstract

Due to the increasing amount of available published evidence and the continual need to apply and update evidence in practice, we propose a shift in the way evidence generated by learning health systems can be integrated into more traditional evidence reviews.

The temporary disability attributable to tobacco use among workers 35-64 years

Citation
Albertí Casas C, Valverde Trillo A, Suelves Joanxich JM, Domingo Ferrer L, Saltó Cerezuela E, Cabezas Peña C. La incapacidad temporal atribuible al consumo de tabaco en trabajadores de 35-64 años. Cataluña, 2007-2016.Rev Esp Salud Pública.2018;92:3 de agosto e201808043. RESUMEN
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OVERVIEW