Research

Why Health Care Professionals Belong to an Intensive Care Virtual Community: Qualitative Study

Citation
Rolls KD, Hansen MM, Jackson D, Elliott D Why Health Care Professionals Belong to an Intensive Care Virtual Community: Qualitative Study J Med Internet Res 2019;21(11):e14068 DOI: 10.2196/14068
Publication Date

ABSTRACT

Background: Clinical practice variation that results in poor patient outcomes remains a pressing problem for health care organizations. Some evidence suggests that a key factor may be ineffective internal and professional networks that limit knowledge exchange among health care professionals.

Cannabis Use and Associated Health Problems – What’s the Harm?

Citation
Smyth, B. P., O’Farrell, A., & Daly, A. (2019). Cannabis use and Associated Health Problems–What’s the Harm?. Irish medical journal, 112(9), 1000-1000.

Abstract

Aim

Cannabis is the most widely used illegal drug in Ireland. We sought to describe the changing pattern of cannabis use and cannabis related health harms.

Methods

Data was collated from two national population surveys and three national treatment databases, focusing on people under 34 years.

Results

Interventions to Integrate Care for People with Serious Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorders: A Systematic Scoping Review Protocol

Citation
Richardson A, Richard L, Gunter K, et al Interventions to integrate care for people with serious mental illness and substance use disorders: a systematic scoping review protocol BMJ Open 2019;9:e031122. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031122
Publication Date

Abstract

Introduction: People with serious mental illness (SMI) and/or substance use disorders (SUDs) have an elevated risk of premature mortality compared with the general population. This has been attributed to higher rates of chronic illness among these individuals, but also to inequities in healthcare access and treatment. Integrated care has the potential to improve the health of people with SMI/SUDs.

Percepções da comunidade escolar sobre a implantação do programa Unplugged em escolas

Citation
Pollyanna Fausta Pimentel de Medeiros, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1679-5330 - Ana Paula Dias Pereira, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9944-4004 - Daniela Ribeiro Schneider, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2936-6503 - Zila M. Sanchez, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7427-7956
Publication Date

As pesquisas brasileiras revelam que há uma precocidade na idade do primeiro uso de álcool e outras drogas, o que acaba gerando os riscos do uso nocivo e de consequentes danos à saúde de crianças e adolescentes.

A Pilot and Feasibility Study of a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy-Based Anxiety Prevention Programme for Junior High School Students in Japan: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Citation
Ohira, I., Urao, Y., Sato, Y. et al. A pilot and feasibility study of a cognitive behavioural therapy-based anxiety prevention programme for junior high school students in Japan: a quasi-experimental study. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 13, 40 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13034-019-0300-5
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

There is a good deal of evidence that cognitive behavioural therapy is effective for children and adolescents with anxiety-related problems. In Japan, an anxiety prevention programme based on cognitive behavioural therapy called ‘Journey of the Brave’ has been developed, and it has been demonstrated to be effective for elementary school students (aged 10–11 years).

Consumo de Psicofármacos y Género en la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires

Citation
https://es.scribd.com/document/106110172/Consumo-de-Psicofarmacos-y-Genero
Publication Date

Argentina es uno de los países que registra mayor consumo mundial de psicofármacos. Estos son utilizados generalmente para tratar síntomas y trastornos depresivos y/o trastornos de ansiedad que afectan a millones de personas en el país.

Intelligence in Young Adulthood and Alcohol Use Disorders in a Prospective Cohort Study of Danish Men: The Role of Psychiatric Disorders and Parental Psychiatric History

Citation
Just-Østergaard E, Flensborg-Madsen T, Knop J, et al Intelligence in young adulthood and alcohol use disorders in a prospective cohort study of Danish men: the role of psychiatric disorders and parental psychiatric history BMJ Open 2019;9:e028997. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-028997
Publication Date

Abstract

Objectives: The aims were to estimate the association between intelligence measured in young adulthood and risk of alcohol use disorders (AUD) in men and to investigate the potential modification of this association by psychiatric disorders, parental AUD and parental psychiatric disorders.

Using the CONSORT Statement to Evaluate the Completeness of Reporting of Addiction Randomised Trials: A Cross-Sectional Review

Citation
Vassar M, Jellison S, Wendelbo H, et al Using the CONSORT statement to evaluate the completeness of reporting of addiction randomised trials: a cross-sectional review BMJ Open 2019;9:e032024. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032024

Abstract

Objectives: Evaluate the completeness of reporting of addiction randomised controlled trials (RCTs) using the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement.

Setting: Not applicable.

Participants: RCTs identified using a PubMed search of 15 addiction journals and a 5-year cross-section.

Comorbilidad médica asociada al abuso y dependencia de alcohol. Revisión documental

Citation
Villa, J. L. B., & Fernández-Cáceres, C. (2019). Comorbilidad médica asociada al abuso y dependencia de alcohol. Revisión documental. Revista inteRnacional de investigación en adicciones, 5(1), 39-50.

Resumen

Introducción: El abuso y dependencia de alcohol son trastornos altamente discapacitantes debido a que tienden a la cronicidad y a la recurrencia. Con frecuencia coexisten con otras condiciones médicas que contribuyen a ensombrecer el pronóstico de los pacientes, ya que empeoran el curso clínico y dificultan su tratamiento y recuperación. 

Update: Characteristics of Patients in a National Outbreak of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injuries — United States, October 2019

Citation
Moritz ED, Zapata LB, Lekiachvili A, et al. Update: Characteristics of Patients in a National Outbreak of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injuries — United States, October 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. ePub: 28 October 2019. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6843e1
Publication Date

Summary

What is already known about this topic?

CDC and partners are investigating the ongoing outbreak of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury (EVALI) in the United States, the District of Columbia, and one U.S. territory.

What is added by this report?

Consumo de alcohol y su relación con la agresividad en adolescentes de secundaria

Citation
Flores-Garza, P. L., López-García, K. S., Guzmán-Facundo, F. R., Rodríguez-Aguilar, L., & Jiménez-Padilla, B. I. (2019). Consumo de alcohol y su relación con la agresividad en adolescentes de secundaria. Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, 5(1), 31-38.

Resumen

Introducción: El consumo de alcohol es un problema de salud que impacta negativamente en el bienestar biopsicosocial de las personas y puede favorecer la aparición de distintas formas de agresividad.

Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la frecuencia y tipo de consumo de alcohol y distintas formas de agresividad en adolescentes de secundaria.

Drug Use Series from the Lancet Journals

Publication Date

Executive Summary

The drug use landscape is dynamic and changing. Changes in public attitudes and laws towards drug use have occurred in an increasing number of countries.

Global drug production and consumption are increasing as are the risks and harms to health, while new substances continue to emerge. This Series focuses on opioids, cannabinoids, stimulants, and new psychoactive substances.

Why is Adolescent Drinking Declining?

Citation
Rakhi Vashishtha, Michael Livingston, Amy Pennay, Paul Dietze, Sarah MacLean, John Holmes, Rachel Herring, Gabriel Caluzzi & Dan I. Lubman (2019) Why is adolescent drinking declining? A systematic review and narrative synthesis, Addiction Research & Theory, DOI: 10.1080/16066359.2019.1663831

There has been a notable decline in adolescent drinking in developed nations over the past two decades. Understanding the reasons behind this positive downward trend will help professionals support the continuation of this decline into the future.

Technology-Delivered CBT to Treat Alcohol Use Disorder

Citation
Kiluk, B. D., Ray, L. A., Walthers, J. , Bernstein, M. , Tonigan, J. S. and Magill, M. (2019), Technology‐Delivered Cognitive‐Behavioral Interventions for Alcohol Use: A Meta‐Analysis. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. doi:10.1111/acer.14189
Publication Date

Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is one of the most researched treatment options for Alcohol Use Disorder. In order to make CBT as accessible and effective as possibles, researchers have been investigating different versions and ways to deliver CBT.

The use of technology as a platform to deliver CBT has been an exciting project that researchers hope will make the therapy more available to people who require support. 

Patterns of Drug Abuse in Upper Egypt: Cause or Result of Violence?

Citation
Yassa, H.A. & Badea, S.T. Egypt J Forensic Sci (2019) 9: 14. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41935-019-0117-7
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Drug abuse and violence both are dangerous phenomena in all countries. The relation between drug abuse and violence is obscure, and what comes first is the question. This study clarifies the changes in drug abuse patterns in Upper Egypt and the association between drug abuse and different types of violence.

Review of Toluene Actions: Clinical Evidence, Animal Studies, and Molecular Targets

Citation
Cruz, S. L., Rivera-García, M. T., & Woodward, J. J. (2014). Review of toluene action: clinical evidence, animal studies and molecular targets. Journal of drug and alcohol research, 3, 235840. doi:10.4303/jdar/235840
Publication Date

Abstract

It has long been known that individuals will engage in voluntary inhalation of volatile solvents for their rewarding effects. However, research into the neurobiology of these agents has lagged behind that of more commonly misused drugs such as psychostimulants, alcohol, and nicotine.

E-cigarette Use, or Vaping, Practices and Characteristics Among Persons with Associated Lung Injury — Utah, April–October 2019

Citation
Lewis N, McCaffrey K, Sage K, et al. E-cigarette Use, or Vaping, Practices and Characteristics Among Persons with Associated Lung Injury — Utah, April–October 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. ePub: 22 October 2019. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6842e1
Publication Date

Summary

What is already known about this topic?

An outbreak of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury (EVALI) of unknown source is ongoing in the United States.

What is added by this report?

What is the Link Between Unemployment and Alcohol Use?

Citation
Thern, E., Ramstedt, M., and Svensson, J. ( 2019) Long‐term effects of youth unemployment on alcohol‐related morbidity. Addiction, https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14838.
Publication Date

Youth unemployment has remained stable at a high-level in many countries over the past several decades.

Over the same period, evidence has emerged which suggests that unemployment can negatively affect an individual’s mental and physical health.

This, in turn, makes unemployment a significant public health issue.

Marketing of Heated Tobacco Products in the Czech Republic - The Role of Social Media

Citation
Hejlová, D., Schneiderová, S., Klabíková Rábová, T., Kulhánek, A. (2019). Analysis of Presumed IQOS Influencer Marketing on Instagram in the Czech Republic in 2018–2019. Adiktologie, 19(1), 7–15.

Over the years, there has been a global decline in tobacco consumption, and countries have made significant progress in developing evidence-based and cost-effective tobacco control measures. As a result, tobacco industries have had to develop new products and be creative in the way they market their merchandise.

Decisions to Use E‐cigarettes or Behavioural Support to Quit Tobacco

Citation
Hartwell, G., Egan, M., and Petticrew, M. ( 2019) Understanding decisions to use e‐cigarettes or behavioural support to quit tobacco: a qualitative study of current and ex‐smokers and stop smoking service staff. Addiction, https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14844.
Publication Date

Tobacco contains nicotine, which is highly addictive and can cause dependence. Although many people understand the negative health consequences of smoking for themselves and those around them, cutting down or stopping smoking can be highly challenging.

Analysis of the Recomposition of Norms and Representations in the Field of Psychiatry and Mental Health in the Age of Electronic Mental Health: Qualitative Study

Citation
Morgiève M, Sebbane D, De Rosario B, Demassiet V, Kabbaj S, Briffault X, Roelandt JL Analysis of the Recomposition of Norms and Representations in the Field of Psychiatry and Mental Health in the Age of Electronic Mental Health: Qualitative Study JMIR Ment Health 2019;6(10):e11665 URL: https://mental.jmir.org/2019/10/e11665 DOI: 10.2196/11665 PMID: 31356151
Publication Date

ABSTRACT

Background: For the World Health Organization, electronic health (eHealth) is seen as an effective way to improve therapeutic practices and disease prevention in health. Digital tools lead to major changes in the field of mental medicine, but specific analyses are required to understand and accompany these changes.

Motivational Interviewing for Substance Use

Citation
Madson, Michael & Schumacher, Julie & Baer, John & Martino, Steve. (2016). Motivational Interviewing for Substance Use: Mapping Out the Next Generation of Research. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 65. 10.1016/j.jsat.2016.02.003.

Harmful use of alcohol kills more than 3 million people each year. 35 million people are estimated to be suffering from drug use disorders. Tobacco contributes to the death of more than 8 million people a year around the world.

It is important that people who have substance use problems receive interventions that are of high quality, ethical and have strong evidence-base.

The Readiness Ruler as a Measure of Readiness to Change Poly-Drug Use in Drug Abusers

Citation
Hesse, Morten. “The Readiness Ruler as a measure of readiness to change poly-drug use in drug abusers.” Harm reduction journal vol. 3 3. 25 Jan. 2006, doi:10.1186/1477-7517-3-3

Abstract

Readiness to change is a crucial issue in the treatment of substance use disorders. Experiences with methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has shown that continuous drug and alcohol use with all its consequences characterize most MMT programs.

The Forest and the Trees: Relational and Specific Factors in Addiction Treatment

Citation
William R. Miller, Theresa B. Moyers: https://doi.org/10.1111/add.12693

Abstract

Aims

Increased expectations for the use of evidence‐based methods in addiction treatment have fueled a debate regarding the relative importance of ‘specific’ versus ‘common’ factors in treatment outcome. This review explores the influence of these factors on addiction treatment outcome.