Research

Incorporation of Universal Prevention Curriculum into Established Academic Degree Study Programme: Qualitative Process Evaluation

Citation
Miovský, M., Vondrová, A., Gabrhelík, R., Sloboda, Z., Libra, J., & Lososová, A. (2019). Incorporation of Universal Prevention Curriculum into established academic degree study programme: qualitative process evaluation. Cent Eur J Public Health, 27(Supplement), 74-82. doi: 10.21101/cejph.a5952.
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Comprehensive bachelor's, master's, and doctorate-level curricula of Addiction Studies (Addictology) were developed and implemented at Charles University (First Faculty of Medicine) between 2003 and 2012. This Prague model combines three evidence-based approaches to addressing substance use - prevention, treatment, and public health - into a balanced professionalised discipline.

Outcomes of a Novel Office-Based Opioid Treatment Program in an Internal Medicine Resident Continuity Practice

Citation
Pytell, J.D., Buresh, M.E. & Graddy, R. Outcomes of a novel office-based opioid treatment program in an internal medicine resident continuity practice. Addict Sci Clin Pract 14, 46 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13722-019-0175-z
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Abstract

Background

The integration of opioid use disorder (OUD) care and competencies in graduate medical education training is needed. Previous research shows improvements in knowledge, attitudes, and practices after exposure to OUD care. Few studies report outcomes for patients with OUD in resident physician continuity practices.

Care for Hospitalized Patients with Unhealthy Alcohol Use: A Narrative Review

Citation
Makdissi, R., & Stewart, S. H. (2013). Care for hospitalized patients with unhealthy alcohol use: a narrative review. Addiction science & clinical practice, 8(1), 11. doi:10.1186/1940-0640-8-11
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Abstract

There is increasing emphasis on screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) for unhealthy alcohol use in the general hospital, as highlighted by new Joint Commission recommendations on SBIRT. However, the evidence supporting this approach is not as robust relative to primary care settings.

How Many Tries Does it Take to Resolve a Substance Use Problem? Lessons from a National Study of Recovering Adults in the U.S.

Citation
Kelly, J. F., Greene, M. C., Bergman, B. G., White, W. L., & Hoeppner, B. B. (2019). How many recovery attempts does it take to successfully resolve an alcohol or drug problem? Estimates and correlates from a national study of recovering U.S. adults. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 43(7), 1533-1544. doi: 10.1111/acer.14067
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This retrospective cohort study asks people who are in recovery or have not used alcohol or drugs for at least two years following meeting diagnostic criteria for having a SUD how many quit attempts they had made prior to success. The range was 0-100 previous attempts. 

Association between E-Cigarette Use and Depression in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2016-2017

Citation
Obisesan OH, Mirbolouk M, Osei AD, et al. Association Between e-Cigarette Use and Depression in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2016-2017. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(12):e1916800. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.16800
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Key Points

Question: What is the association between electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and depression?

Benefits and Harms of Medical Cannabis: A Scoping Review of Systematic Reviews

Citation
Pratt, M., Stevens, A., Thuku, M. et al. Benefits and harms of medical cannabis: a scoping review of systematic reviews. Syst Rev 8, 320 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13643-019-1243-x
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Abstract

Background

There has been increased interest in the role of cannabis for treating medical conditions. The availability of different cannabis-based products can make the side effects of exposure unpredictable. We sought to conduct a scoping review of systematic reviews assessing benefits and harms of cannabis-based medicines for any condition.

An Electronic Screening and Brief Intervention for Hazardous and Harmful Drinking Among Swedish University Students: Reanalysis of Findings From a Randomized Controlled Trial Using a Bayesian Framework

Citation
Bendtsen M An Electronic Screening and Brief Intervention for Hazardous and Harmful Drinking Among Swedish University Students: Reanalysis of Findings From a Randomized Controlled Trial Using a Bayesian Framework J Med Internet Res 2019;21(12):e14420 DOI: 10.2196/14420
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ABSTRACT

Background: Due to a resurgent debate on the misuse of P values, the Journal of Medical Internet Research is hosting a standing theme issue inviting the reanalysis of (primarily digital health) trial data using a Bayesian framework.

Effect of Tobacco Control Policies on the Swedish Smoking Quitline Using Intervention Time-Series Analysis

Citation
Zhou X, Crippa A, Danielsson A, et al. Effect of tobacco control policies on the Swedish smoking quitline using intervention time-series analysis. BMJ Open 2019;9:e033650. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033650
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Abstract

Objectives: To coherently examine the responsiveness of the Swedish National Tobacco Quitline (SNTQ) to different types of anti-smoking policies over an extended period of calendar time.

Advancing Health Equity through Cross-Cutting Approaches to Health-Related Stigma

Citation
Birbeck, G.L., Bond, V., Earnshaw, V. et al. Advancing health equity through cross-cutting approaches to health-related stigma. BMC Med 17, 40 (2019) doi:10.1186/s12916-019-1282-0
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Abstract

Health-related stigma remains a major barrier to improving health and well-being for vulnerable populations around the world. This collection on stigma research and global health emerged largely as a result of a 2017 meeting on the “The Science of Stigma Reduction” sponsored by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). An overwhelming consensus at the meeting was reached.

Psychotic Disorders Hospitalisations Associated with Cannabis Abuse or Dependence

Citation
Gonçalves‐Pinho, M, Bragança, M, Freitas, A. Psychotic disorders hospitalizations associated with cannabis abuse or dependence: A nationwide big data analysis. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2019;e1813. https://doi.org/10.1002/mpr.1813
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Delta 9‐tetrahydrocannabinol - a psychoactive compound found in cannabis - activates parts of the brain responsible for cognition, perception, anxiety, fear, memory and reward.

There are continuous debates about the link between cannabis use and psychotic disorders.

People Who Inject Drugs: A Global Review

Citation
Hines, L.A., Trickey, A., Leung, J., Larney, S., Peacock, A., Degenhardt, L. (2020). Associations between national development indicators and the age profile of people who inject drugs: results from a global systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet Global Health, 8(1), 76-91.

Globally, an estimated 15·6 million people aged 15–64 years inject drugs. Younger people who inject drugs are at higher risk of overdose, drug dependence, and blood-borne virus transmission and engaging in risky sexual behaviour.

Prioritising Action on Alcohol for Health and Development

Citation
Rekve, D., Banatvala, N., Karpati, A., Tarlton, D., Westerman, L., Sperkova, K., ... & Monteiro, M. (2019). Prioritising action on alcohol for health and development. bmj, 367.
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Globally, alcohol consumption is estimated to cause more than 10% of the burden of noncommunicable diseases, including cirrhosis of the liver, respiratory disease, pancreatitis, cancers (oral and pharynx, larynx, oesophagus, liver, colorectal), strokes and hypertension.

Mental Health Outcomes Associated with of the Use of Amphetamines: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Citation
McKetin, R., Leung, J., Stockings, E., Huo, Y., Foulds, J., Lappin, J. M., ... & Farrell, M. (2019). Mental health outcomes associated with of the use of amphetamines: A systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine.
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Abstract

Background

The use of amphetamines is a global public health concern. We summarise global data on use of amphetamines and mental health outcomes.

Cannabis Legalization, Tobacco Prevention Policies, and Cannabis Use in E-Cigarettes among Youth

Citation
Nicksic, N. E., Do, E. K., & Barnes, A. J. (2019). Cannabis legalization, tobacco prevention policies, and cannabis use in e-cigarettes among youth. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 206(2020). doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107730
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With the rise in e-cigarette use among youth and the ease to conceal marijuana use in e-cigarettes, identifying an association between youth marijuana use in e-cigarettes and marijuana legalization policies has important public health implications considering the changing marijuana landscape and the harms of marijuana use on adolescent development.

Effect of Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone on Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Dietze P, Jauncey M, Salmon A, et al. Effect of Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone on Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(11):e1914977. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.14977
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Key Points

Question: Is 800 μg of naloxone hydrochloride administered intranasally as effective in reversing opioid overdose as the same dose administered intramuscularly?

Association of Disability With Mortality From Opioid Overdose Among US Medicare Adults

Citation
Kuo Y, Raji MA, Goodwin JS. Association of Disability With Mortality From Opioid Overdose Among US Medicare Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(11):e1915638. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.15638
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Key Points

Question: What is the rate of opioid overdose deaths among Medicare enrollees younger than 65 years who qualified for Medicare because of disability?

Assessment of the Association of D2 Dopamine Receptor Gene and Reported Allele Frequencies With Alcohol Use Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Citation
Jung Y, Montel RA, Shen P, Mash DC, Goldman D. Assessment of the Association of D2 Dopamine Receptor Gene and Reported Allele Frequencies With Alcohol Use Disorders: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(11):e1914940. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.14940
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Key Points

Question: Is there a biological association between D2 dopamine receptor gene (DRD2) and alcohol use disorder?

Association of Punitive and Reporting State Policies Related to Substance Use in Pregnancy With Rates of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Citation
Faherty LJ, Kranz AM, Russell-Fritch J, Patrick SW, Cantor J, Stein BD. Association of Punitive and Reporting State Policies Related to Substance Use in Pregnancy With Rates of Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(11):e1914078. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.14078
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Key Points

Question: Are state punitive or reporting policies related to substance use during pregnancy associated with rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS)?

Depression and Perceived Attachment of Adolescents with Fathers with Substance-Use Disorder

Citation
Zia, A., & Shahzad, S. (2019). Depression and perceived Attachment of adolescents with fathers having with substance-Use disorder. Journal of Pakistan Medical Association, 69(12), 1855-1859. JPMA 69: 1855; 2019) DOI:10.5455/JPMA.15016.
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This study was conducted to understand the predictive role of perceived mother, father and peer attachment in depressive symptoms of adolescents living with fathers diagnosed with substance use disorder. The quantitative study was conducted at various drug rehabilitation centres in Karachi from January 2016 to September 2017, and comprised adolescents living with fathers diagnosed with substance use disorder. Of the 150 participants, 82 (55%)

The Emerging Role of Toxic Adulterants in Street Drugs in the US Illicit Opioid Crisis

Citation
DOI: 10.1177/0033354919887741 journals.sagepub.com/home/phr
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This article introduces the emergence of adulterant cutting agents in street drugs in the United States and considers the synergistic effects that is compounding the opioids crisis in the U.S.  The article outlines the role of the Colombo Plan in pioneering identification of these substances around the world over the past years with support from the U.S.

Associations of Parental Marijuana Use with Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse

Citation
Madras BK, Han B, Compton WM, Jones CM, Lopez EI, McCance-Katz EF. Associations of Parental Marijuana Use With Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse. JAMA Netw Open.2019;2(11):e1916015. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.16015
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Key Points

Question: Is parental marijuana use associated with marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol use and opioid misuse by adolescent and young adult offspring living in the same household?

 

Cannabis Use during Methadone Maintenance Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Citation
CMAJ Open 2019. DOI:10.9778/cmajo.20190026
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Abstract

Background: Rates of cannabis use among patients receiving methadone maintenance therapy are high, and cannabis use may be associated with outcomes of methadone maintenance therapy. We examined the effect of cannabis use on opioid use in patients receiving methadone maintenance therapy to test the hypothesis that cannabis use is associated with a reduction in opioid use.

Teen confrontation strategies that concluded a short intervention program in alcohol consumption

Citation
Martínez Martínez, Kalina Isela, Bárcenas Meléndez, Adriana, & Pacheco Trejo, Ayme Yolanda. (2012). En voz de la experiencia: Estrategias de enfrentamiento en adolescentes que concluyeron un programa de intervención breve en consumo de alcohol. Salud mental, 35(6), 505-512. Recuperado en 20 de noviembre de 2019, de http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0185-33252012000600008&lng=es&tlng=es.
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The purpose of this study was to identify the risk circumstances of alcohol consumption and strategies to successfully deal with relapse or abuse in a group of adolescents who completed a short intervention program. The study was conducted at the Universidad Autónoma de Aguascalientes between 2007 and 2011; 70 adolescents attended school. The average age of the participants was 16.2 years (31 men and 39 women).

The Art of Being a Therapist

Citation
Pacheco Trejo, Ayme, & Martínez Martínez, Kalina (2013). EL ARTE DE SER TERAPEUTA. ¿QUÉ HACE EFECTIVA UNA INTERVENCIÓN EN EL CONSUMO DE DROGAS?. Enseñanza e Investigación en Psicología, 18(1), undefined-undefined. [fecha de Consulta 20 de Noviembre de 2019]. ISSN: 0185-1594. Disponible en: https://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=292/29228948011
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The objective of this work was to identify the non-specific variables related to the success of a short intervention program for adolescent alcohol-consuming adolescents, based on the experience and opinion of a group of therapists in the program. Information obtained in interviews with eight therapists and two project leaders is reported.

Technology Transfer in the Area of Addictions

Citation
Martínez Martínez, Kalina Isela, & Medina-Mora Icaza, María Elena. (2013). Transferencia tecnológica en el área de adicciones: El programa de intervención breve para adolescentes, retos y perspectivas. Salud mental, 36(6), 505-512. Recuperado en 20 de noviembre de 2019, de http://www.scielo.org.mx/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0185-33252013000600008&lng=es&tlng=es.
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Summary

Early alcoholism: prevention is a challenge in search of your fight

Citation
Lucia de Fátima da Silva Parente e Luís de França Camboim Neto
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A study by Lucia Parente and Luís Camboim reports the abusive presence of alcohol consumption by children and adolescents in our society. Alcoholism is a serious problem and considered a public health risk. Laws no. 9,294/96 and 8,069/90 prohibit the sale of alcoholic beverages to children under eighteen years of age, as a way to prevent young people from the consequences arising from this type of narcotics.

Prosper Study of Evidence-Based Intervention Implementation Quality by Community-University Partnership

Citation
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2849143/pdf/nihms57729.pdf
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This study examined a community–university partnership model for sustained, high-quality implementation of evidence-based interventions. In the context of a randomized study, it assessed whether implementation quality for both family-focused and school-based universal interventions could be achieved and maintained through community–university partnerships. It also conducted exploratory analyses of factors influencing implementation quality.