Research

Smoking and Obesity in Chile’s Third National Health Survey

Citation
Bachelet VC, Lanas F. Smoking and obesity in Chile’s Third National Health Survey: light and shade. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018;42:e132. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2018.132
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ABSTRACT

The Chilean Ministry of Health recently disclosed the first results of the 2016–2017 National Health Survey (Encuesta Nacional de Salud, ENS). The survey was cross-sectional and used a multistage stratified random sampling strategy resulting in a final sample of 6 233 persons ≥ 15 years old, with national, regional, and urban/rural representativeness.

Planning and Designing the Improving Addiction Care Team (IMPACT) for Hospitalized Adults with Substance Use Disorder

Citation
Englander, H., Weimer, M., Solotaroff, R., Nicolaidis, C., Chan, B., Velez, C., … Korthuis, P. T. (2017). Planning and Designing the Improving Addiction Care Team (IMPACT) for Hospitalized Adults with Substance Use Disorder. Journal of Hospital Medicine, 12(5), 339–342. http://doi.org/10.12788/jhm.2736
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Abstract

People with substance use disorders (SUD) have high rates of hospitalization and readmission, long lengths of stay, and skyrocketing healthcare costs. Yet, models for improving care are extremely limited.

Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Problems among Refugees in Primary Health Care

Citation
Kane et al. BMC Medicine 2014, 12:228 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/12/228
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Abstract

Background

Population-based epidemiological research has established that refugees in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) are at increased risk for a range of mental, neurological and substance use (MNS) problems.

Despite Falling Rates, Smoking-Related Lung Cancer Will Remain a Major Health Concern

Citation
Jeon, J., Holford, T. R., Levy, D. T., Feuer, E. J., Cao, P., Tam, J., ... & Meza, R. (2018). Smoking and Lung Cancer Mortality in the United States From 2015 to 2065: A Comparative Modeling Approach. Annals of internal medicine.
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Tobacco control interventions introduced in the United States over the past 50 years have led to notable decrease in smoking and smoking-related diseases, including lung cancer.

Young Drivers Who Use Cannabis at Higher Risk of Collisions

Citation
Ronen, A., Chassidim, H. S., Gershon, P., Parmet, Y., Rabinovich, A., Bar-Hamburger, R., ... & Shinar, D. (2010). The effect of alcohol, THC and their combination on perceived effects, willingness to drive and performance of driving and non-driving tasks. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 42(6), 1855-1865.
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It has been suggested that cannabis use increases risk of driving collisions through affecting braking and choice reaction time; causing impairment of lane position, disrupting head-way and dynamic tracking; distorting time perception; reducing divided and sustained attention; and increasing caution. <

Internet-Delivered Drug and Alcohol Treatment

Citation
Shulman, M., Campbell, A., Pavlicova, M., Hu, M. C., Aharonovich, E., & Nunes, E. V. (2018). Cognitive functioning and treatment outcomes in a randomized controlled trial of internet‐delivered drug and alcohol treatment. The American journal on addictions, 27(6), 509-515.
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Often individuals with substance use disorders show signs of impaired attention/ mental control, information processing or general cognitive functioning.

Drug Misuse and Hepatitis C Virus Infection Profiles for Three Generations of Patients Being Monitored for Prescription Drug Adherence

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ABSTRACT

Objectives: Two epidemics in the United States are related: opioid drug injection and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. This study quantifies the relationship between illicit/prescription drug misuse and HCV infection in 3 population generations: baby boomers (born 1945–1965, inclusive), pre-baby boomers, and post-baby boomers.

Investigating the Growing Trend of Non-Drinking among Young People

Citation
Ng Fat et al. BMC Public Health (2018) 18:1090 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-018-5995-3
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Abstract

Background

Non-drinking among young people has increased over the past decade in England, yet the underlying factor driving this change is unknown. Traditionally non-drinking has been found to be associated with lower socio-economic status and poorer health.

Tobacco Use by Clients Receiving SUD Treatment

Citation
Campbell BK, et al. Health Risk Perceptions and Reasons for Use of Tobacco Products Among Clients in Addictions Treatment. Addictive Behaviors 2018 (in press). [doi: 10.1016/j.addbeh.2018.08.037]
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Although cigarette smoking among adults in the United States has been steadily decreasing, rates continue to remain high amongst certain vulnerable populations.

A Step‑Wise Community Engagement and Capacity Building Model Prior to Implementation of mhGAP‑IG in a Low and Middle‑Income Country

Citation
Mutiso et al. Int J Ment Health Syst (2018) 12:57 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-018-0234-y
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Abstract

Background

The World Health Organization developed the Mental Health Gap Action Programme Intervention Guide (mhGAP-IG) as guidelines for innovative utilization of available resources in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) in order to accelerate the reduction of the mental health treatment gap.

How Cocaine Cues Get Planted in the Brain

Citation
Taniguchi, M., Carreira, M.B., Cooper, Y.A., et al. HDAC5 and its target gene, Npas4, function in the nucleus accumbens to regulate cocaine-conditioned behaviors. Neuron 96(1):130-144.e6, 2017
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Individuals suffering from substance use disorders develop strong associations between the drug’s stimulating effect and environmental cues that act as reminders of the experience, which can lead to relapse.

Low Self-Esteem Connected to Greater Risk for Opioid Use

Citation
Helen M. Hendy, Pamela Black, S. Hakan Can, Alicia Fleischut, Damla Aksen. Opioid Abuse as Maladaptive Coping to Life Stressors in U.S. Adults. Journal of Drug Issues, 2018; 48 (4): 560 DOI: 10.1177/0022042618783454
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It has been suggested that individuals with low self-esteem are more likely to choose maladaptive coping behaviors, such as abuse of opioids, when faced with life stressors.<

Children Whose Mothers Use Marijuana Are More Likely to Try It Themselves at Younger Age

Citation
Natasha A. Sokol, Cassandra A. Okechukwu, Jarvis T. Chen, S.V. Subramanian, Vaughan W. Rees. Maternal Cannabis Use During a Child's Lifetime Associated With Earlier Initiation. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 2018; DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2018.06.023
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According to a new study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, mothers’ cannabis use is associated with earlier cannabis initiation by their children.