Alcohol Consumption and Parenthood
A recent study sought to determine the extent to which the transition to parenthood protects against problematic alcohol consumption.
Behavioral Interventions are needed to prevent HIV in substance users, which is associated with higher risk for contracting HIV via unprotected sexual intercourse or syringe-based exposure.
Question: How does smoked and vaporized cannabis acutely influence subjective drug effects, cognitive and psychomotor performance, and cardiovascular measures in healthy adults who infrequently use cannabis (>30 days since last use)?
What is already known about this topic?
Wound botulism is a rare but serious illness associated with black tar heroin use, especially by subcutaneous injection (skin popping).
What is added by this report?
What is already known about this topic?
Exposure to secondhand tobacco smoke can cause sudden infant death syndrome, respiratory infections, ear infections, and asthma attacks in infants and children, and coronary heart disease, stroke, and lung cancer in adult nonsmokers.
What is added by this report?
Epidemiological evidence suggests that a majority of deaths attributed to secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure are cardiovascular related. However, to our knowledge, the impact of SHS on cardiac electrophysiology, Ca2+Ca2+ handling, and arrhythmia risk has not been studied.
Elaine Lucas Dos Santos: Núcleo de Pesquisa em Saúde e Uso de Substâncias (Nepsis), Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp).
Emérita Sátiro Opaleye: Núcleo de Pesquisa em Saúde e Uso de Substâncias (Nepsis), Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp).
Objective: This report identifies the specific drugs involved most frequently in drug overdose deaths in the United States from 2011 through 2016.
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) generate an aerosol by heating a solution (e-liquid) with a metallic coil. Whether metals are transferred from the coil to the aerosol is unknown.
Our goal was to investigate the transfer of metals from the heating coil to the e-liquid in the e-cigarette tank and the generated aerosol.
[ABSTRACT]. Objective. To investigate the feasibility of addressing the public health concerns of tobacco consumption through increased taxation, while preserving or augmenting government revenues in Grenada. Methods. Purposive sampling methods were used to ensure data availability and geographical representativeness.
Some argue that perceived addiction to smoking (PAS) might undermine motivation to stop. We examined the association of PAS with motivation to stop in a population sample and assessed its association with past and future quit attempts and future quit success.
Little is known about the experiences of people with severe mental health difficulties in smoking cessation interventions. This study aimed to review the implementation of a smoking cessation programme across 16 community mental health day services. The aim was to establish the experience from both service user and facilitator perspectives and refine implementation for future groups.
Patients with alcohol misuse are less likely to receive preventive health services but more likely to utilize emergency health services. However, the association between alcohol misuse and outpatient follow-up after hospitalization is unknown and may depend on whether a patient experiences a critical illness.
This study sought to examine the occurrence of the nonmedical use of prescription stimulants (amphetamines and methylphenidate) in a university sample and their associated physical and mental health correlates, including potential relationships with risky sexual practices.
Little is known about opioid overdose or naloxone access among pregnant women.
The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of non-fatal overdose, risk factors for overdose, and naloxone access among third trimester women in treatment for opioid use disorder.
Background: Marijuana use in the age group prone to coronary artery disease is higher than it was in the past. Smoking marijuana is known to have hemodynamic consequences, including a dose-dependent increase in heart rate, supine hypertension, and postural hypotension; however, whether it can trigger the onset of myocardial infarction is unknown.
Background: The role of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) in product transitions has been debated.
Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association indicate that patient progress is strongly related to the strength of the personal (‘real’) relationship between client and therapist - more strongly than the working relationship focused on the therapy.
Comprehensive review for the American Psychological Association concludes that the working relationship between clients and their counsellors or therapists is one of the largest and most consistent determinants of outcomes. Practice recommendations aim to help practitioners foster strong relationships.
Findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that across psychotherapy studies, outcomes improve the more therapists consistently demonstrate warmth and high regard for their clients - given the stigma and low regard attached to dependent substance use(rs), findings with important implications for promoting recovery.
Artigo de revisão publicada na Revista debates em Psiquiatria - Jul/Ago 2017
Little research has investigated in-depth how physicians perceive their role in smoking cessation care. This qualitative study sought to understand physicians’ perceptions of responsibility for smoking cessation.
Amalgamated research findings raise the intriguing possibility that experiencing the resolution of breakdowns or tensions (‘ruptures’) in the therapist-client relationship promotes client welfare even more than rupture-free relationships. Evidence-based tips backed by the American Psychological Association aim to help therapists resolve ruptures.
Objectives: Roll-your-own (RYO) cigarettes have become popular in the UK and reduce the cost of smoking, potentially mitigating the impact of tax increases on quitting. We examined whether RYO cigarette use was associated with reduced motivation to quit smoking, incidence of quit attempts and quit success.
Design: Cross-sectional survey.
Many people successfully recover from substance use disorders.
The impact of school attendance on the lives and development of students is hardly overestimated. Children go to school at an increasingly precocious age.
Alcohol addiction can put a significant strain on family relationships and well-being. There has been a substantial rise in alcohol consumption and alcohol use disorder in India. However, it is rare that the perspectives of family members are heard.
Adolescence is a period of time where young people are more likely to seek independence and novel experiences, experiment with their expression and identity and have less regard for risk. Given the