Research

A Public Health Approach to Alcohol Use and its Related Harms in Iran

Citation
Shokoohi, Mostafa, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Alireza Noroozi, and Mohammad Karamouzian. "A public health approach to alcohol use and its related harms in Iran." The Lancet Public Health 4, no. 4 (2019): e175-e176.
Publication Date

In Iran, alcohol consumption, production, and trade are criminalised for Muslim citizens; however, bootleg alcohol and harmful alcohol consumption is a burden that should not be overlooked.

Combined Effects of Marijuana and Nicotine on Memory Performance and Hippocampal Volume

Citation
Filbey, F. M., McQueeny, T., Kadamangudi, S., Bice, C., & Ketcherside, A. (2015). Combined effects of marijuana and nicotine on memory performance and hippocampal volume. Behavioural brain research, 293, 46-53.
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Highlights

  • Examined drug effects of tobacco, marijuana and combined marijuana + nicotine use.
  • Hippocampal volumes were smaller in marijuana users (with or without nicotine).
  • Abnormal brain-behavior relationships in combined marijuana + nicotineusers.

Abstract

Combined use of marijuana (MJ) and tobacco is h

Youth Perspective on Parental Approaches to Substance Use

Citation
Slemon, Allie, Emily K. Jenkins, Rebecca J. Haines-Saah, Zachary Daly, and Sunny Jiao. "“You can’t chain a dog to a porch”: a multisite qualitative analysis of youth narratives of parental approaches to substance use." Harm reduction journal 16, no. 1 (2019): 26.
Publication Date

Reducing the harms of youth substance use is a global priority. Parents have the potential to play a key role in these efforts. However, it is felt that parents are often unsure about how to address substance use with their children. Parent responses to youth substance use are often grounded in abstinence and critiqued as ineffective and unresponsive to youth contexts.

Sober Social Networks: The Role of Online Support Groups in Recovery from Alcohol Addiction

Citation
Bliuc, Ana‐Maria, Tuyet‐Ngan Doan, and David Best. "Sober social networks: The role of online support groups in recovery from alcohol addiction." Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 29, no. 2 (2019): 121-132.
Publication Date

The internet allows us to connect and interact with people from around the world. Online networks have increasingly been used as a source of health information.

DSM-5 in Patients Seeking their First Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder. Sex Differences in the Multicenter CohRTA Study

Citation
Sanvisens, A., Zuluaga, P., Rubio, G., Short, A., Gual, A., Álvarez, F. J., ... & CohRTA, E. C. E. (2019). DSM-5 en pacientes que solicitan el primer tratamiento del trastorno por uso de alcohol. Diferencias de sexo en el estudio multicéntrico CohRTA. Adicciones.

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to analyze sex differences in the DSM-5 criteria among patients admitted to  their first treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD). Methods: Assessment of AUD was carried out using DSM-5 diagnostic criteria in a multicenter study (CohRTA) within the Spanish Network on Addictive Disorders.

Lung Cancer Mortality in Australia in the Twenty-First Century: How Many Lives Can Be Saved with Effective Tobacco Control?

Citation
Luo, Q., Steinberg, J., O’Connell, D. L., Yu, X. Q., Caruana, M., Wade, S., ... & Dunlop, S. (2019). Lung cancer mortality in Australia in the twenty-first century: How many lives can be saved with effective tobacco control?. Lung Cancer, 130, 208-215.
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Highlights

  • Quantified the number of lung cancer deaths averted in Australia through tobacco control.
  • Almost 2 million lung cancer deaths have already been prevented over the period 1956–2100.
  • Lung cancer will continue to be a significant public health concern in Australia.
  • Achieving zero smoking by 2025 would resul

Can Web-Based Preenrollment Alcohol Brief Interventions be Effective Screening Tools? Precollege Drinking Behavior Predicts College Retention and Alcohol Violations

Citation
Duane F. Shell, Ian M. Newman & Lok-wa Yuen (2019) Can Web-based preenrollment alcohol brief interventions be effective screening tools? Precollege drinking behavior predicts college retention and alcohol violations, Journal of American College Health, DOI: 10.1080/07448481.2019.1590369
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Abstract

Objective: To test if precollege drinking data gathered during an online brief intervention are associated with problems and could inform screening for campus alcohol prevention efforts. 

Participants: Two cohorts of incoming students (N = 5300). 

Mindful Body Awareness Training as Part of Treatment for Substance Use Disorder

Citation
Price, Cynthia J., Elaine Adams Thompson, Sheila Crowell, and Kenneth Pike. "Longitudinal effects of interoceptive awareness training through mindful awareness in body-oriented therapy (MABT) as an adjunct to women’s substance use disorder treatment: A randomized controlled trial." Drug and Alcohol Dependence (2019).
Publication Date

The experiencing of intense emotions, low-stress tolerance, avoidance, and feelings of a loss of control can negatively impa

Differences in Service Utilization and Barriers among Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites with Drug Use Disorders

Citation
Perron, B. E., Mowbray, O. P., Glass, J. E., Delva, J., Vaughn, M. G., & Howard, M. O. (2009). Differences in service utilization and barriers among Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites with drug use disorders. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 4(1), 3.
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Abstract

Background

Treatment for drug use disorders (DUD) can be effective, but only a small proportion of people with DUD seek or receive treatment. Research on racial and ethnic treatment differences and disparities remains unclear. Understanding racial and ethnic differences and disparities in drug treatment is necessary in order to develop a more effective referral system and to improve the accessibility of treatment.

¿Qué funciona en la prevención selectiva del consumo de alcohol y cánnabis en jóvenes vulnerables?

Citation
Vázquez N, Muñoz L, Juárez O, Ariza C. ¿Qué funciona en la prevención selectiva del consumo de alcohol y cánnabis en jóvenes vulnerables? Rev Esp Salud Pública.2018;92:8 de octubre e201810070.
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ABSTRACT

What works in selective prevention of alcohol and cannabis use among vulnerable young people?

Combining Medically Assisted Treatment and Twelve-Step Programming: A Perspective and Review

Citation
Marc Galanter (2018) Combining medically assisted treatment and Twelve-Step programming: a perspective and review, The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 44:2, 151-159, DOI: 10.1080/00952990.2017.1306747
Publication Date

ABSTRACT

Background: People with severe substance use disorders require long-term rehabilitative care after the initial treatment. There is, however, a deficit in the availability of such care. This may be due both to inadequate medical coverage and insufficient use of community-based Twelve-Step programs in many treatment facilities.

A Qualitative Study of Drivers of Psychoactive Substance Use among Mekelle University Students, Northern Ethiopia

Citation
Kahsay et al. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (2019) 14:11 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-018-0190-1
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Psychoactive substance (PS) use is a public health concern among University students. Understanding the factors underlay the use helps to underpin effective preventive interventions. However, there is dearth of exploratory studies on the drivers of psychoactive substance use in Ethiopian universities.

Children Learning About Secondhand Smoke (CLASS II): A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial

Citation
Kamran Siddiqi, Rumana Huque, Mona Kanaan, Farid Ahmed, Tarana Ferdous, Sarwat Shah, Cath Jackson, Steve Parrott, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, Aziz Sheikh, Children Learning About Secondhand Smoke (CLASS II): A Pilot Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 21, Issue 5, May 2019, Pages 670–677, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/nty090
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Abstract

Introduction

Children exposed to secondhand smoke (SHS) are at increased risk of respiratory illnesses. We piloted a Smoke Free Intervention (SFI) and trial methods before investigating its effectiveness and cost-effectiveness in primary school children.

Methods

A Conceptual Model for Understanding Post-Release Opioid-Related Overdose Risk

Citation
Joudrey et al. Addict Sci Clin Pract (2019) 14:17 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0145-5
Publication Date

Abstract

Post-release opioid-related overdose mortality is the leading cause of death among people released from jails or prisons (PRJP). Informed by the proximate determinants framework, this paper presents the Post-Release Opioid-Related Overdose Risk Model. It explores the underlying, intermediate, proximate and biological determinants which contribute to risk of post-release opioid-related overdose mortality.

Perceptions about Mental Illness among General Practitioners

Citation
Castillejos Anguiano et al. Int J Ment Health Syst (2019) 13:27 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-019-0284-9
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Abstract

Background

General practitioners (GPs) play an important role in the physical care of patients with severe mental illness, so our aim was to analyse the relationships between GPs’ sociodemographic status and worked-related variables and their perceptions about mental illness.

Cues Give Clues in Relapse Prevention

Citation
Madangopal, Rajtarun, Brendan J. Tunstall, Lauren E. Komer, Sophia J. Weber, Jennifer K. Hoots, Veronica A. Lennon, Jennifer M. Bossert, David H. Epstein, Yavin Shaham, and Bruce T. Hope. "Discriminative stimuli are sufficient for incubation of cocaine craving." eLife 8 (2019): e44427.
Publication Date

More than 85% of people who give up an addictive drug begin using it again within a year. Relapse can occur following exposure to cues that are found in the environment which trigger the memory of their drug-taking experience.

Prevalence of Cognitive Impairment in Patients with Substance Use Disorder

Citation
Bruijnen, C. J., Dijkstra, B. A., Walvoort, S. J., Markus, W., VanDerNagel, J. E., Kessels, R. P., & DE Jong, C. A. (2019). Prevalence of cognitive impairment in patients with substance use disorder. Drug and alcohol review.
Publication Date

Abstract

Introduction and Aims

Cognitive impairments in substance use disorder predict treatment outcome and are assumed to differ between substances. They often go undetected, thus the current study focuses on the prevalence of and differences in cognitive functioning across substances by means of a cognitive screen at the early stage of addiction treatment.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: “Game-Changer” Opiate Addiction Medication Proves Effective in US Trial

Citation
Lancet: 2019, 393, p. 778-790.
Publication Date

Medication of the type heralded as a possible “game-changer” by one of the UK’s leading addiction treatment clinicians and researchers proved its worth in a US placebo-controlled trial. Buprenorphine injections with effects lasting a month are now available in the UK, offering a new option for treating dependence on heroin and allied drugs.

Cribado de riesgos derivados del consumo de drogas utilizando la herramienta ASSIST (Alcohol, smoking and substances involvement screening test) en pacientes de atención primaria: estudio transversal

Citation
López-Rodríguez, J. A., Rigabert, A., Llano, M. N. G., Rubio, G., & ASSIST, G. (2018). Cribado de riesgos derivados del consumo de drogas utilizando la herramienta ASSIST (Alcohol, smoking and substances involvement screening test) en pacientes de atención primaria: estudio transversal. Atención Primaria.

Objetivo

El objetivo es estimar la prevalencia de consumos de riesgo de drogas y patrones de consumo en atención primaria.

Diseño

Estudio multicéntrico descriptivo transversal.

Emplazamiento

Cinco centros de salud del área Sur de Madrid.

Participantes

Población consultante en atención primaria entre 16-100 años.

Use of Electronic Vapor Products Before, During, and After Pregnancy Among Women with a Recent Live Birth — Oklahoma and Texas, 2015

Citation
Kapaya M, D’Angelo DV, Tong VT, et al. Use of Electronic Vapor Products Before, During, and After Pregnancy Among Women with a Recent Live Birth — Oklahoma and Texas, 2015. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2019;68:189–194. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6808a1
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Summary

What is already known about this topic?

Most electronic vapor products (EVPs) contain nicotine, a developmental toxicant, and other harmful additives.

What is added by this report?

Conventional and Genetic Evidence on Alcohol and Vascular Disease Aetiology: A Prospective Study of 500 000 Men and Women in China

Citation
Millwood, I. Y., Walters, R. G., Mei, X. W., Guo, Y., Yang, L., Bian, Z., ... & Zhou, G. (2019). Conventional and genetic evidence on alcohol and vascular disease aetiology: a prospective study of 500 000 men and women in China. The Lancet.
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Summary

Background

Moderate alcohol intake has been associated with reduced cardiovascular risk in many studies, in comparison with abstinence or with heavier drinking. Studies in east Asia can help determine whether these associations are causal, since two common genetic variants greatly affect alcohol drinking patterns.

Substance Use among Pregnant Women in Nigeria

Citation
Adebowale, Oluyemisi O., and Bawo O. James. "Psychoactive substance use and psychiatric morbidity among pregnant women attending an ante-natal clinic in Benin City, Nigeria." Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal 25.1 (2018): 8.
Publication Date

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This study sought to determine the prevalence, patterns and feasibility of screening for psychoactive substance use among pregnant women in an antenatal clinic in Nigeria. It also aimed to determine the relationship between psychoactive substance use risk severity and psychiatric morbidity.

Internal Consistency and Convergent Validity of the Portuguese Versions of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs–Initial and Short Screener: Validity of the Portuguese GAIN-I and SS

Citation
Claro, H. G., de Oliveira, M. A. F., Fernandes, I. F. D. A. L., Titus, J. C., Tarifa, R. R., Rojas, T. F., & Pinho, P. H. (2016). Internal Consistency and Convergent Validity of the Portuguese Versions of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs–Initial and Short Screener: Validity of the Portuguese GAIN-I and SS. Journal of addictions nursing, 27(4), 241.

Abstract

The goal of this article is to present evidence on the internal consistency and convergent validity of the Brazilian Portuguese versions of the Global Appraisal of Individual Needs–“Initial” and “Short Screener” versions.

Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Primary School Children: A Survey in Dhaka, Bangladesh

Citation
Sarwat Shah, Mona Kanaan, Rumana Huque, Aziz Sheikh, Omara Dogar, Heather Thomson, Steve Parrott, Kamran Siddiqi, Secondhand Smoke Exposure in Primary School Children: A Survey in Dhaka, Bangladesh, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 21, Issue 4, April 2019, Pages 416–423, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntx248
Publication Date

Abstract

Introduction

We report on second-hand smoke (SHS) exposure based on saliva cotinine levels among children in Bangladesh—a country with laws against smoking in public places.

Methods

Cross-Cultural Applicability of the 12-Step Model: A Comparison of Narcotics Anonymous in the USA and Iran

Publication Date

Abstract

Objective: Narcotics Anonymous (NA), a nonprofessional 12-step fellowship for people seeking recovery from addiction, reports 27,677 meetings in the USA, where it was founded, but there is limited literature on its adaptability cross-culturally. We studied NA within the Islamic Republic of Iran to ascertain its relative adaptation in a different cultural setting.