Alcohol Consumption and Parenthood
A recent study sought to determine the extent to which the transition to parenthood protects against problematic alcohol consumption.
Fortgang, Rebecca G., Rani A. Hoff, and Marc N. Potenza. "Problem and Pathological Gambling in Schizophrenia: Exploring Links with Substance Use and Impulsivity." Journal of gambling studies (2018): 1-16.
The more therapists empathically communicate their understanding of and compassion for clients, the better the outcomes - a relationship stronger than between outcomes and the type of therapy.
Reduced dopamine D2 receptor (D2R) ligand binding has repeatedly been demonstrated in the striatum of humans with alcohol use disorder (AUD). The attenuated D2R binding has been suggested to reflect a reduced D2R density, which in turn has been proposed to drive craving and relapse.
How much a patient expects treatment will help is not just an empty prediction but a force in making treatment help, is the strong possibility raised by a review commissioned by an American Psychological Association task force.
Já é de se esperar que álcool e outras drogas levem a pessoa a um caminho de violência, porém recentemente isso foi comprovado através de uma pesquisa de um grupo da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Eles publicaram resultados de uma pesquisa a respeito da associação entre o consumo de álcool e drogas com a ocorrência de mortes violentas.
It is already expected that alcohol and other drugs lead the person to the path of violence, but recently this was proven through a study of the group of the University of São Paulo Medical School (USP). They published results of a survey on the association between alcohol and drug use with the occurrence of violent deaths. The work puts in numbers the data of this relation, in this case, in the city of São Paulo.
How can we make the most of group therapy, a common treatment/support format in substance use treatment?
Chronic opioid misuse is associated with reduced sensitivity to natural
The recommendations in clini
Substance use is one way that people deal with the difficult symptoms present in mood and anxiety disorders.
Substance use disorders are associated with poorer clinical outcomes in patients with schizophrenia. There is no specific treatment for amphetamine or cannabis use disorder, but methadone and buprenorphine are used as replacement therapy in the treatment of opioid dependence.
Illicit drug use disorder is one of the most stigmatised health conditions in the world.
In western countries demographic changes are leading to an ageing society. Consequently, the number of older adults with alcohol use disorders (AUDs) will rise and the demand of treatment is likely to increase.
Benzodiazepines, such as sedatives and sleeping aids, are a widely prescribed group of medicines designed for short-term treatment. Although most people manage benzodiazepines as prescribed, some individuals misuse the drugs and can develop benzodiazepine use disorders.
Opioid medication for chronic pain can be an effective treatment.
Question: What are the current trends in frequency and costs of amphetamine-related hospitalizations in the United States?
Question: Does a lay health worker–delivered psychological intervention improve symptoms of depression and anxiety in Zimbabwe?
Objectives: To compare and examine whether, when and how patients with lung cancer in three countries, with different survival rates, talk about cigarette smoking and its relationship with help-seeking.
Design: A qualitative cross-country comparison with analysis of narrative interviews.
The controversial subject of cannabis legalisation has led to the increased urgency in understanding the full health and social implications of the drug use. Cannabis use is particularly prevalent amongst adolescence - a period of time where young people are going through significant neural development.
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a pervasive problem that has been linked to numerous developmental, social, health, and substance use consequences. Nevertheless, the relationship between CSA and the consumption of psychoactive substances has not been adequately studied in Mexico.
[ABSTRACT]. Objective. To describe the availability of local mental health (MH) services in small MH catchment areas in Central Chile, using a bottom-up approach. Methods.
Negative social interactions and isolation have been linked with heightened risk of drug self-administration and relapse, whereas positive social interactions can act as a protective factor against substance abuse.
Abuse of opioids can lead to many adverse consequences including addiction and heightened risk of overdose, however it is being increasingly suggested that even controlled use of prescription opioids may be linked with serious and enduring side effects. There is mounting evidence that sugges
Alcohol and drug use can have negative consequences on the health, economy, productivity, and social aspects of communities.
Adolescence is a time where young people go through dramatic changes in body and behaviour.
Background: Tobacco policy is increasingly focusing on the ‘tobacco endgame’ which commits to eradicating tobacco use (prevalence below 5%) within the next two decades. Strategies for achieving the endgame are likely to include addressing the supply of tobacco products, yet current evidence to support this approach is primarily cross-sectional.
In Chile, the consumption of Cocaine Base Paste (CBP), a highly toxic and addictive substance, has become a serious medical and social problem in the poorest areas of the country. This substance is smoked and quickly provokes in the user the compulsive desire to continue using it, as well as to great difficulty in stopping consumption, mainlydue to the withdrawal symptoms that it generates in the user.
Whilst underage drinking in the UK has been declining in recent years, prevalence is still higher than in most other Western European countries. Therefore, it is important to deliver effective interventions to reduce risk of harm.