Research

A Social-Ecological Framework of Theory, Assessment, and Prevention of Suicide

Citation
Cramer RJ and Kapusta ND (2017) A Social-Ecological Framework of Theory, Assessment, and Prevention of Suicide. Front. Psychol. 8:1756. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01756
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The juxtaposition of increasing suicide rates with continued calls for suicide prevention efforts begs for new approaches. Grounded in the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) framework for tackling health issues, this personal views work integrates relevant suicide risk/protective factor, assessment, and intervention/prevention literatures.

Blood Alcohol Concentration-Related Lower Performance in Immediate Visual Memory and Working Memory in Adolescent Binge Drinkers

Citation
Vinader-Caerols C, Duque A, Montañés A and Monleón S (2017) Blood Alcohol Concentration-Related Lower Performance in Immediate Visual Memory and Working Memory in Adolescent Binge Drinkers. Front. Psychol. 8:1720. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01720
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The binge drinking (BD) pattern of alcohol consumption is prevalent during adolescence, a period characterized by critical changes to the structural and functional development of brain areas related with memory and cognition. There is considerable evidence of the cognitive dysfunctions caused by the neurotoxic effects of BD in the not-yet-adult brain.

Social Media in the Classroom: An Experiential Teaching Strategy to Engage and Educate

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Abstract

This article outlines an approach to engaging and educating college students through the use of social media. The project is designed for a substance use course at the college/university undergraduate level. However, it could be adapted for any health education course/health issue where education and/or communication via social media are appropriate.

Alcohol Binge Drinking and Executive Functioning during Adolescent Brain Development

Citation
Gil-Hernandez S, Mateos P, Porras C, Garcia-Gomez R, Navarro E and Garcia-Moreno LM (2017) Alcohol Binge Drinking and Executive Functioning during Adolescent Brain Development. Front. Psychol. 8:1638. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01638
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Alcohol consumption in adolescents causes negative effects on familiar, social, academic life, as well as neurocognitive alterations. The binge drinking (BD) pattern of alcohol is characterized by the alternation of episodes of heavy drinking in a short interval of time, and periods of abstinence, a practice that can result in important brain alterations; even more than regular alcohol consumption.

Direct Marketing Promotion and Electronic Cigarette Use Among US Adults

Citation
Dai H, Hao J. Direct Marketing Promotion and Electronic Cigarette Use Among US Adults, National Adult Tobacco Survey, 2013–2014. Prev Chronic Dis 2017;14:170073. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd14.170073
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Abstract

Introduction

The use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) among US adults has increased since 2007. The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of direct marketing promotion of e-cigarettes and its association with e-cigarette use among US adults.

Methods

The Burden of Primary Liver Cancer and Underlying Etiologies from 1990 to 2015

Citation
Global Burden of Disease Liver Cancer Collaboration. The Burden of Primary Liver Cancer and Underlying Etiologies from 1990 to 2015 at the Global, Regional, and National Level Results from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. JAMA Oncol. Published online October 05, 2017. doi:10.1001/jamaoncol.2017.3055
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Abstract

Importance: Liver cancer is among the leading causes of cancer deaths globally. The most common causes for liver cancer include hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and alcohol use.

Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines: A Comprehensive Update of Evidence and Recommendations

Citation
Benedikt Fischer et al. “Lower-Risk Cannabis Use Guidelines: A Comprehensive Update of Evidence and Recommendations”, American Journal of Public Health 107, no. 8 (August 1, 2017): pp. e1-e12.
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ABSTRACT

Background: Cannabis use is common in North America, especially among young people, and is associated with a risk of various acute and chronic adverse health outcomes. Cannabis control regimes are evolving, for example, toward a national legalization policy in Canada, with the aim to improve public health, and thus require evidence-based interventions.

Associations of Perceived Interparental Relationship, Family Harmony and Family Happiness with Smoking Intention in Never-Smoking Chinese Children and Adolescents

Citation
Luk TT, Wang MP, Leung LT, et al. Associations of Perceived Interparental Relationship, Family Harmony and Family Happiness with Smoking Intention in Never-Smoking Chinese Children and Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study. BMJ Open 2017;7:e017523. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017523
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Abstract

Objective: To examine the associations of perceived interparental relationship, family harmony and family happiness with smoking intention in never-smoking Chinese children and adolescents in Hong Kong.

Secondhand Tobacco Smoke Exposure and Pulmonary Function

Citation
Parro J, Aceituno P, Droppelmann A, et al Secondhand tobacco smoke exposure and pulmonary function: a cross-sectional study among non-smoking employees of bar and restaurants in Santiago, Chile BMJ Open 2017;7:e017811. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017811
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Abstract

Introduction: The workplace remains a significant source of secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure. This pollutant is known to be associated with respiratory and cardiovascular problems, but its effects on specific pulmonary function parameters remain largely unexplored.

The Prognostic Significance of Smoking Cessation after Acute Coronary Syndromes

Citation
Yudi MB, Farouque O, Andrianopoulos N on behalf of the Melbourne Interventional Group, et al The prognostic significance of smoking cessation after acute coronary syndromes: an observational, multicentre study from the Melbourne interventional group registry BMJ Open 2017;7:e016874. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016874
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Abstract

Objective: We aim to ascertain the prognostic significance of persistent smoking and smoking cessation after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in the era of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and optimal secondary prevention pharmacotherapy.

Financial Incentives to Discontinue Long-Term Benzodiazepine Use

Citation
Marti J, Bachhuber M, Feingold J, et al. Financial incentives to discontinue long-term benzodiazepine use: a discrete choice experiment investigating patient preferences and willingness to participate. BMJ Open 2017;7:e016229. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2017-016229
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Abstract

Objectives: Investigate the acceptability of financial incentives for initiating a medically supervised benzodiazepine discontinuation programme among people with long-term benzodiazepine use and to identify programme features that influence willingness to participate.

Brief Intervention to Promote Smoking Cessation and Improve Glycemic Control in Smokers with Type 2 Diabetes

Citation
Li, W. H. C. et al. Brief Intervention to Promote Smoking Cessation and Improve Glycemic Control in Smokers with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Sci. Rep. 7, 45902; doi: 10.1038/ srep45902 (2017).
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Abstract

The aim of the study was to examine the effects of a brief stage-matched smoking cessation intervention group compared with a control group (with usual care) in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients who smoked by randomized controlled trial.

Common Marijuana-Related Cases Encountered in the Emergency Department

In 2000, Colorado voters decriminalized marijuana for medical use; however, because marijuana use remained illegal under federal law, the number of users was low. In 2009, President Obama instructed federal officials not to enforce marijuana laws that were in conflict with state laws, and the number of registered medical marijuana users in Colorado increased to 60,000 in 2008 compared with 2,000 in the prior 8 years. In 2012, Colorado legalize

Effectiveness of Optional Videoconferencing-Based Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders

Citation
Tarp K, Bojesen AB, Mejldal A, Nielsen AS Effectiveness of Optional Videoconferencing-Based Treatment of Alcohol Use Disorders: Randomized Controlled Trial JMIR Ment Health 2017;4(3):e38 DOI: 10.2196/mental.6713 PMID: 28963093
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ABSTRACT

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex Reduces Cocaine Use

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Abstract

Recent animal studies demonstrate that compulsive cocaine seeking strongly reduces prelimbic frontal cortex activity, while optogenetic stimulation of this brain area significantly inhibits compulsive cocaine seeking, providing a strong rationale for applying brain stimulation to reduce cocaine consumption.

Efficacy and Safety of High-Dose Baclofen for the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence

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Abstract

Previous randomised placebo-controlled trials with low-to-medium doses of baclofen (30–60 mg) showed inconsistent results, but case studies suggested a dose-response effect and positive outcomes in patients on high doses of baclofen (up to 270 mg). Its prescription was temporary permitted for the treatment of alcohol dependence (AD) in France, and baclofen is now widely prescribed.

Chemsex: An Emergent Phenomenon

Citation
Dolengevich-Segal, H., Rodríguez-salgado, B., Bellesteros-López, J., & Molina-Prado, R. (2017). Chemsex. Un fenómeno emergente. Adicciones, 29(3), 207-209. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.894

Chemsex is the term given to the intentional use of psychoactive drugs in order to maintain sexual relations between men who have sex with men (MSM), usually for long periods of time and with multiple partners. This phenomenon has also been called Party and Play (PnP) in North America and intensive sex partying in Australia (Bourne et al., 2014).

Specification of Change Mechanisms in Pregnant Smokers for Malleable Target Identification

Citation
Massey SH, Decety J, Wisner KL and Wakschlag LS (2017) Specification of Change Mechanisms in Pregnant Smokers for Malleable Target Identification: A Novel Approach to a Tenacious Public Health Problem. Front. Public Health 5:239. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00239
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Maternal smoking during pregnancy (MSDP) continues to be a leading modifiable risk factor for perinatal complications and a range of neurodevelopmental and cardio-metabolic outcomes across the lifespan. Despite 40 years of intervention research less than one in five pregnant smokers who receive an intervention quit by delivery.

The Risk of Hypertension and Other Chronic Diseases: Comparing Smokeless Tobacco with Smoking

Citation
Anand A and Sk MIK (2017) The Risk of Hypertension and Other Chronic Diseases: Comparing Smokeless Tobacco with Smoking. Front. Public Health 5:255. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00255
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Background: In the past, studies have compared smokeless tobacco and non-tobacco users for the risk of various chronic diseases. The differences in the risk of chronic diseases between smokeless tobacco user and smokers have not been explored. The objective of this study is to estimate the risk of chronic diseases among smokeless tobacco users compared to smokers.

Syndemic Risk Classes and Substance Use Problems among Adults in High-Risk Urban Areas

Citation
Cleland CM, Lanza ST, Vasilenko SA and Gwadz M (2017) Syndemic Risk Classes and Substance Use Problems among Adults in High-Risk Urban Areas: A Latent Class Analysis. Front. Public Health 5:237. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00237
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Substance use problems tend to co-occur with risk factors that are especially prevalent in urban communities with high rates of poverty. The present study draws on Syndemics Theory to understand profiles of risk and resilience and their associations with substance use problems in a population at risk for adverse outcomes.

Effectiveness of School-Based Smoking Prevention Curricula

Citation
Thomas RE, McLellan J, Perera R Effectiveness of school-based smoking prevention curricula: systematic review and meta-analysis BMJ Open 2015;5:e006976. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006976
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Abstract

Objective: To assess effectiveness of school-based smoking prevention curricula keeping children never-smokers.

Terminology and Stigma: How Should We Talk about Substance Use?

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In the field of substance use prevention and treatment choosing the correct terminology can be tricky, especially if we want to avoid contributing to stigmatised perceptions of people battling with substance use disorders.

‘Abuse’, ‘abuser’, ‘addict’… these words all have negative connotations.

The Brain of Binge Drinkers at Rest

Citation
López-Caneda E, Cadaveira F, Correas A, Crego A, Maestú F and Rodríguez Holguín S (2017) The Brain of Binge Drinkers at Rest: Alterations in Theta and Beta Oscillations in First-Year College Students with a Binge Drinking Pattern. Front. Behav. Neurosci. 11:168. doi: 10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00168
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Background: Previous studies have reported anomalous resting brain activity in the electroencephalogram (EEG) of alcoholics, often reflected as increased power in the beta and theta frequency bands. The effects of binge drinking, the most common pattern of excessive alcohol consumption during adolescence and youth, on brain activity at rest is still poorly known.

A Dermatologist's Ammunition in the War Against Smoking: A Photoaging App

Citation
Brinker TJ, Enk A, Gatzka M, Nakamura Y, Sondermann W, Omlor AJ, Petri MP, Karoglan A, Seeger W, Klode J, von Kalle C, Schadendorf D A Dermatologist's Ammunition in the War Against Smoking: A Photoaging App J Med Internet Res 2017;19(9):e326 DOI: 10.2196/jmir.8743

ABSTRACT

This viewpoint reviews the perspectives for dermatology as a specialty to go beyond the substantial impact of smoking on skin disease and leverage the impact of skin changes on a person's self-concept and behavior in the design of effective interventions for smoking prevention and cessation.

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