Research

Changes in Smoking Cessation–Related Behaviors Among US Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Citation
Bandi P, Asare S, Majmundar A, et al. Changes in Smoking Cessation–Related Behaviors Among US Adults During the COVID-19 Pandemic. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(8):e2225149. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.25149

Key Points

Question  Did smoking cessation–related behaviours change during the COVID-19 pandemic in the US?

Findings  This cross-sectional study among 788 008 US adult smokers found that the annual prevalence of past-year quit attempts decreased for the first time since 2011, from 65.2% in 2019 to 63.2% in 2020.

‘I Was Present but I Was Absent’: Perceptions and Experiences of the Non-Medical Use of Prescription or over the Counter Medication among Employed South African Women

Citation
Harker, N., Erasmus, J., Lucas, W., Deitz, D., & Brooke-Sumner, C. (2022). ‘I Was Present but I Was Absent’: Perceptions and Experiences of the Non-Medical Use of Prescription or over the Counter Medication among Employed South African Women. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(12), 7151

Abstract: Background: The need for workplace substance use prevention programmes globally and in South Africa is driven by the growing problem of substance use and the associated burden on the health and welfare of employees, their families and organizations.

Adolescents with substance use problems in outpatient treatment: a one-year prospective follow-up study focusing on mental health and gender differences

Citation
Boson, K., Anderberg, M., Melander Hagborg, J. et al. Adolescents with substance use problems in outpatient treatment: a one-year prospective follow-up study focusing on mental health and gender differences. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 53 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00482-2
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Background

Although several studies have found a high incidence of coexisting mental health problems among adolescents with substance use problems, follow-up studies addressing how these conditions change over time are rare. The study will describe and analyse indications of mental health problems and how various risk factors predict outcomes 1 year after initial treatment contact.

Improving equity and access to buprenorphine treatment through telemedicine at syringe services programs

Citation
Lambdin, B.H., Kan, D. & Kral, A.H. Improving equity and access to buprenorphine treatment through telemedicine at syringe services programs. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 51 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00483-1
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Background 

In the United States, access to buprenorphine remains low and disparities regarding who receives treatment have emerged. Federal laws have regulated buprenorphine delivery, ultimately limiting its implementation more broadly.

The effects of opioid policy changes on transitions from prescription opioids to heroin, fentanyl and injection drug use: a qualitative analysis

Citation
Dickson-Gomez, J., Krechel, S., Spector, A. et al. The effects of opioid policy changes on transitions from prescription opioids to heroin, fentanyl and injection drug use: a qualitative analysis. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 17, 55 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-022-00480-4
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Background

Beginning in the 1990s, non-medical use of prescription opioids (POs) became a major public health crisis.

Addressing drug challenges in health and humanitarian crises: Settings in need of care for a comprehensive drug use prevention in Nigeria

Citation
Agwogie, Martin O., 'Addressing drug challenges in health and humanitarian crises: Settings in need of care for a comprehensive drug use prevention in Nigeria', Paper Presentation, State House Conference Centre, Abuja, Nigeria, June 2022
Publication Date

Paper presented at the commemoration of the 2022 International Day Against Drug Abuse & Illicit Trafficking, State House Conference Centre, Abuja, Nigeria on June 27th, 2022.

Author: Dr. Martin O. Agwogie

School staff perceptions of the nature and consequences of students’ use of e-cigarettes

Citation
Pettigrew, S., Miller, M., Kannan, A., Raj, T. S., Jun, M., & Jones, A. (2022). School staff perceptions of the nature and consequences of students’ use of e‐cigarettes. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health.
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Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the nature and consequences of student vaping in Australian primary and secondary schools by consulting staff working in these settings.

Associations between moderate alcohol consumption, brain iron, and cognition in UK Biobank participants: Observational and mendelian randomization analyses

Citation
Topiwala A, Wang C, Ebmeier KP, Burgess S, Bell S, Levey DF, et al. (2022) Associations between moderate alcohol consumption, brain iron, and cognition in UK Biobank participants: Observational and mendelian randomization analyses. PLoS Med 19(7): e1004039. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1004039
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Abstract

Background

Brain iron deposition has been linked to several neurodegenerative conditions and reported in alcohol dependence. Whether iron accumulation occurs in moderate drinkers is unknown.

Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder in Canadian Psychosocial Addiction Programs: A National Survey of Policy, Attitudes, and Practice

Citation
Hodgins, D. C., Budd, M., Czukar, G., Dubreucq, S., Jackson, L. A., Rush, B., ... & Cameron Wild, T. (2022). Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder in Canadian Psychosocial Addiction Programs: A National Survey of Policy, Attitudes, and Practice. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 07067437221082858.
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Abstract

Objective

To describe current approaches in treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD) within Canadian psychosocial outpatient, day, and residential addiction treatment programs, with an emphasis on the use of opioid agonist therapy (OAT).

Method

An online census survey was conducted in English and French of Canadian psychosocial addiction treatment programs (N = 214).

Associations Between Canada's Cannabis Legalization and Emergency Department Presentations for Transient Cannabis-Induced Psychosis and Schizophrenia Conditions: Ontario and Alberta, 2015–2019

Citation
Callaghan, R. C., Sanches, M., Murray, R. M., Konefal, S., Maloney-Hall, B., & Kish, S. J. (2022). Associations Between Canada's Cannabis Legalization and Emergency Department Presentations for Transient Cannabis-Induced Psychosis and Schizophrenia Conditions: Ontario and Alberta, 2015–2019. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 07067437211070650.
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Abstract

Objective

Cannabis legalization in many jurisdictions worldwide has raised concerns that such legislation might increase the burden of transient and persistent psychotic illnesses in society. Our study aimed to address this issue.

Use of Electronic Cigarettes Among Cannabis-Naive Adolescents and Its Association With Future Cannabis Use

Citation
Sun R, Mendez D, Warner KE. Use of Electronic Cigarettes Among Cannabis-Naive Adolescents and Its Association With Future Cannabis Use. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(7):e2223277. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.23277
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Abstract

Importance  Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use has been reported to increase the likelihood of future cigarette smoking among adolescents. The prospective association between e-cigarette use and cannabis use has been less clear, especially in recent years.

Assessment of Patterns in e-Cigarette Use Among Adults in the US, 2017-2020

Citation
Boakye E, Osuji N, Erhabor J, et al. Assessment of Patterns in e-Cigarette Use Among Adults in the US, 2017-2020. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(7):e2223266. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.23266
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Abstract

Importance  Updated data on the patterns of e-cigarette use among adults in the US are needed.

Objective  To examine recent patterns in current and daily e-cigarette use among US adults.

Quality of life profile of methadone maintenance treatment patients in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

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Aim: To determine the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of methadone maintenance treatment patients in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Subject and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 967 patients being treated at two methadone clinics in Ho Chi Minh City, in 2018. Patient's HRQoL was estimated using the EQ-5D-5L and Visual analogue scale (VAS). Tobit regressions were used to identify factors related to patient's HRQoL.

Measurement of Striatal Dopamine Release Induced by Neuropsychological Stimulation in Positron Emission Tomography With Dual Injections of [11C]Raclopride

Citation
Ikoma Y, Kimura Y, Yamada M, Obata T, Suhara T and Ito H (2022) Measurement of Striatal Dopamine Release Induced by Neuropsychological Stimulation in Positron Emission Tomography With Dual Injections of [11C]Raclopride. Front. Psychiatry 13:811136. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2022.811136
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Objectives: Positron emission tomography (PET) with [11C]raclopride has been applied to measure changes in the concentration of endogenous dopamine induced by pharmacological challenge or neuropsychological stimulation by evaluating the binding potential (BP) between the baseline and activated state.

The impact of discrimination on substance use disorders among sexual minorities

Citation
Abrahão, A. B. B., Kortas, G. T., Blaas, I. K., Koch Gimenes, G., Leopoldo, K., Malbergier, A., ... & Casltadelli-Maia, J. M. (2022). The impact of discrimination on substance use disorders among sexual minorities. International Review of Psychiatry, 1-9.
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This paper aimed to review the literature regarding the impact of discrimination on substance use disorders among Sexual Minorities, with a focus on alcohol, opioids, stimulants, polydrug use, chemsex, cannabis and tobacco, as well as inequalities in the access to health care services.

Respiratory events associated with concomitant opioid and sedative use among Medicare beneficiaries with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Citation
Le TT, Park S, Choi M, et alRespiratory events associated with concomitant opioid and sedative use among Medicare beneficiaries with chronic obstructive pulmonary diseaseBMJ Open Respiratory Research 2020;7:e000483. doi: 10.1136/bmjresp-2019-000483
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Abstract

Background Opioids and sedatives are commonly prescribed in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients for symptoms of dyspnoea, pain, insomnia, depression and anxiety. Older adults are advised to avoid these medications due to increased adverse events, including respiratory events.

Costs of an Alcohol Measurement Intervention in Three Latin American Countries

Citation
Solovei, A., Manthey, J., Anderson, P., Mercken, L., Jané Llopis, E., Natera Rey, G., Pérez Gómez, A., Mejía Trujillo, J., Bustamante, I., Piazza, M., Pérez de León, A., Arroyo, M., de Vries, H., Rehm, J., & Evers, S. (2022). Costs of an Alcohol Measurement Intervention in Three Latin American Countries. International journal of environmental research and public health, 19(2), 700. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19020700
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Abstract

Alcohol measurement in health care settings is an effective intervention for reducing alcohol-related harm. However, in many countries, costs related to alcohol measurement have not yet been transparently assessed, which may hinder its adoption and implementation.

Association of Prenatal Exposure to Maternal Drinking and Smoking With the Risk of Stillbirth

Citation
Odendaal H, Dukes KA, Elliott AJ, et al. Association of Prenatal Exposure to Maternal Drinking and Smoking With the Risk of Stillbirth. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(8):e2121726. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.21726
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Abstract

Importance  Prenatal smoking is a known modifiable risk factor for stillbirth; however, the contribution of prenatal drinking or the combination of smoking and drinking is uncertain.

Objective  To examine whether prenatal exposure to alcohol and tobacco cigarettes is associated with the risk of stillbirth.

Cannabis use and risks of respiratory and all-cause morbidity and mortality: a population-based, data-linkage, cohort study

Citation
Vozoris NT, Zhu J, Ryan CM, et al. Cannabis use and risks of respiratory and all-cause morbidity and mortality: a population-based, data-linkage, cohort study. BMJ Open Respiratory Research 2022;9:e001216. doi: 10.1136/bmjresp-2022-001216
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Abstract

Introduction Although cannabis is frequently used worldwide, its impact on respiratory health is characterised by controversy.

Objective To evaluate the association between cannabis use and respiratory-related emergency room (ER) visits and hospitalisations.

Cross-sectional online survey of the impact of new tobacco health warnings in Colombia

Citation
Adams S, Clavijo A, Tamayo R, et al. Cross-sectional online survey of the impact of new tobacco health warnings in Colombia. BMJ Open 2022;12:e056754. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-056754
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Abstract

Objectives This study aimed to explore the impact of a new set of six pictorial warnings introduced in 2018.

Design and setting Using a cross-sectional design, we examined awareness of the new warnings among Colombian smokers across two time points of data collection.

Trajectories of adolescent psychotic-like experiences and early cannabis exposure: Results from a Finnish Birth Cohort Study

Citation
Denissoff, A., Mustonen, A., Miettunen, J., Alakokkare, A. E., Veijola, J., Scott, J. G., ... & Niemelä, S. (2022). Trajectories of adolescent psychotic-like experiences and early cannabis exposure: Results from a Finnish Birth Cohort Study. Schizophrenia Research, 246, 95-102.
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Abstract

Background

Longitudinal studies examining the effect of cannabis exposure (CE) on the prognosis of adolescents with psychotic-like experiences (PLEs) are scarce. We examined trajectories of mental health in adolescents with PLEs and cannabis exposure.

Exposure to alcohol and overall survival in head and neck cancer: A regional cohort study

Citation
Denissoff, A., Huusko, T., Ventelä, S., Niemelä, S., & Routila, J. (2022). Exposure to alcohol and overall survival in head and neck cancer: A regional cohort study. Head & Neck.
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Abstract

Background

There is a paucity of knowledge regarding the association of alcohol use with overall survival (OS) of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

Homelessness and Substance use: a disturbing link around the world: an ISSUP Webinar Series

Citation
International Society of Substance Use Professionals (ISSUP) | London | United Kingdom

The connection between homelessness and substance use is well recognised and an issue that impacts countries around the world. People who experience substance use related issues and homelessness are extremely vulnerable to a range of harms and can find it challenging to access appropriate support that will adequately meet their needs.

Combining the European Prevention Curriculum (EUPC) and Universal Treatment Curriculum (UTC) in a Master’s Degree in Addictions

Citation
Orte, C., Amer, J., Gomila, A. M., & Pascual, B. (2022). Combining the European Prevention Curriculum (EUPC) and Universal Treatment Curriculum (UTC) in a Master’s Degree in Addictions. Adiktologie, 22(1), 7–12. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0006
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INTRODUCTION:

‘Ten Years Later’ – Developing Institutional Mechanisms for Drug Demand Reduction and Addictology Education in Georgia – A Case Study

Citation
Javakhishvili, J. D., Kirtadze, I., & Otiashvili, D. (2022). ‘Ten years later’ – Developing institutional mechanisms for drug demand reduction and addictology education in Georgia – A case study. Adiktologie, 22(1), 35–46. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0005
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BACKGROUND:

During the last ten years, Georgia made several important accomplishments in responding to the country’s drug problem. Specifically, in 2011, an interagency national drug coordinating body was established within the Ministry of Justice; in 2015, the multidisciplinary Addiction Studies MA Program was initiated within Ilia State University; and in 2019, the National Drug Observatory (NDO) was founded.

AIM:

From Face-to-Face to Online Delivery: Training of Professionals in Evidence-Based Prevention

Citation
Hein, A. W., Goycolea, R. M., Rivas, J. A., & Montenegro, M. C. (2022). From face to face to online delivery: Training of professionals in evidence-based prevention. Adiktologie, 22(1), 13–20. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0001
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BACKGROUND:

By disseminating the Universal Prevention Curriculums (UPC), the Colombo Plan (CP) seeks to narrow the gap between scientific knowledge on effective prevention of substance use and its application in the field. In 2020 CP adapted these training methods for online delivery.

Adaptation of the Universal Treatment Curriculum to Philippine Context and Online Environment

Citation
Felipe, M. V., Melgar, M. I., & Johnson, K. (2022). Adaptation of the Universal Treatment Curriculum to Philippine context and online environment. Adiktologie, 22(1), 21–26. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0003
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BACKGROUND:

The Universal Treatment Curriculum (UTC) is offered to the academic community to integrate substance use-specific knowledge, skills, and evidence-based practices into the continuing professional development of current and future service providers. Although widely disseminated in many countries, the adaptation focuses on language translation and in-person trainings.

AIMS:

Accreditation of Study Programs on Addictions in Nigerian Universities: Challenges, Opportunities, and the Need for Advocacy

Citation
Francis, C. (2022). Accreditation of study programs on addictions in Nigerian universities: Challenges, opportunities, and the need for advocacy. Adiktologie, 22(1), 27–33. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0004
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INTRODUCTION:

Development of the Addiction Treatment Workforce in Ukraine by the Ukraine Addiction Technology Transfer Center

Citation
Yachnik, Y., Pinchuk, I., Blyum, A., Myshakivska, O., Shults, O., Koutsenok, I., Grelotti, D. J., Larkins, S., & Johnson, K. (2022). Development of the addiction treatment workforce in Ukraine by the Ukraine Addiction Technology Transfer Center. Adiktologie, 22(1), 47–52. https://doi.org/10.35198/01-2022-001-0002
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BACKGROUND:

The high prevalence of HIV and substance use disorders (SUD) in Ukraine remains a significant public health problem. A well-trained, recovery-oriented national workforce to enhance SUD treatment associated with HIV care is needed to reduce substance use and HIV-related burden in the country.

METHODS:

Efficacy and Safety of Varenicline for Smoking Cessation in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Russo C, Walicka M, Caponnetto P, et al. Efficacy and Safety of Varenicline for Smoking Cessation in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2022;5(6):e2217709. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.17709
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Abstract

Importance  Evidence of effective smoking cessation interventions in patients with diabetes is limited. The unique behavioral and metabolic characteristics of smokers with type 2 diabetes warrants a randomized clinical trial of the smoking cessation drug varenicline.