Research

Parents’ Experiences of Abuse by their Adult Children with Drug Problems

Citation
Svensson, B., Richert, T., & Johnson, B. (2019). Parents’ experiences of abuse by their adult children with drug problems. Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. https://doi.org/10.1177/1455072519883464
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Research on abuse linked with substance use has tended to focus on child abuse and intimate partner violence. 

There have been considerably fewer studies on the nature of abuse committed by children against their parents.

Self-Disclosure and the Treatment of Substance Abuse

Citation
Dilts, S. L., Clark, C. A., & Harmon, R. J. (1997). Self-disclosure and the treatment of substance abuse. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 14(1), 67–70. doi: 10.1016/s0740-5472(96)00191-2
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Abstract

The identification and treatment of the substance-abusing physician has led to outcome studies focusing on years of abstinence and resultant work performance, but little has been written addressing the therapeutic changes recovery brings in the personal lives of these physicians or in their approach to similarly addicted patients.

The Role of Therapeutic Alliance in Substance Use Disorder Treatment for Young Adults

Citation
Urbanoski, K. A., Kelly, J. F., Hoeppner, B. B., & Slaymaker, V. (2012). The role of therapeutic alliance in substance use disorder treatment for young adults. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 43(3), 344–351. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2011.12.013
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The therapeutic alliance is well-recognized as an integral part of psychotherapy; however, there is little understanding of how it is best utilized in the treatment of substance use disorders (SUDs), particularly in young adults.  In this study, researchers identified baseline predictors of the therapeutic alliance mid-treatment, and evaluated whether the therapeutic alliance had an impact on changes observed during treatment.  Researchers spe

Strategies Needed to Prevent Diversion of Prescription Opioids to Youth

Citation
Hudgins, J. D., Porter, J. J., Monuteaux, M. C., & Bourgeois, F. T. (2019). Prescription opioid use and misuse among adolescents and young adults in the United States: A national survey study. PLOS Medicine, 16(11). doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002922
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Despite the well-documented detrimental effects of opioid abuse, misuse of prescription opioids remains high among adolescents and young adults in the U.S. While measures have been implemented to prevent prescription opioid diversion, such as prescription drug monitoring programs, access to friends’ and family members’ prescription opioids is an important driver of prescription opioid abuse among adolescents and young adults.

Maconha: estudo mostra prejuízo cognitivo em usuários da droga em longo ou pequeno prazo

Citation
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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A maconha é a droga ilícita mais utilizada ao redor do mundo todo e atualmente existe muitos debates em torno de seu uso e legalização. Muitas vezes, a iniciação ao uso dessa droga começa na adolescência, período importante para o desenvolvimento neural e psicossocial das pessoas.

Changes in Alcohol Consumption after Treatment for Depression: A Secondary Analysis of the Swedish Randomised Controlled Study REGASSA

Citation
Strid C, Hallgren M, Forsell Y, et al Changes in alcohol consumption after treatment for depression: a secondary analysis of the Swedish randomised controlled study REGASSA BMJ Open 2019;9:e028236. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028236
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Abstract

Objectives: Mental health problems and hazardous alcohol consumption often co-exist. Hazardous drinking could have a negative impact on different aspects of health and also negatively influence the effect of mental health treatment. The aims of this study were to examine if alcohol consumption patterns changed after treatment for depression and if the changes differed by treatment arm and patient sex.

Effect of Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone on Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Dietze P, Jauncey M, Salmon A, et al. Effect of Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone on Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(11):e1914977. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.14977
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Key Points

Question: Is 800 μg of naloxone hydrochloride administered intranasally as effective in reversing opioid overdose as the same dose administered intramuscularly?

Staff Perceptions of Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drug Dependence Services in England: A Qualitative Study

Citation
Coombes, H., Cooper, R.J. Staff perceptions of prescription and over-the-counter drug dependence services in England: a qualitative study. Addict Sci Clin Pract 14, 41 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13722-019-0170-4
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Abstract

Background

Dependence to prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) drugs represents an increasing public health and clinical problem both in England and internationally. However, relatively little is known about those affected, particularly in relation to their management at drug dependence treatment centres.

A Further Look at Therapeutic Interventions for Suicide Attempts and Self-Harm in Adolescents: An Updated Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Citation
Iyengar U, Snowden N, Asarnow JR, Moran P, Tranah T and Ougrin D (2018) A Further Look at Therapeutic Interventions for Suicide Attempts and Self-Harm in Adolescents: An Updated Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Front. Psychiatry 9:583. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00583
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Background: Suicide attempts (SA) and other types of self-harm (SH) are strong predictors of death by suicide in adolescents, emphasizing the need to investigate therapeutic interventions in reduction of these and other symptoms.

Alcohol Use: The Role of Generalised Anxiety Disorder and Drinking to Cope

Citation
Dyer, M. L., Heron, J., Hickman, M., & Munafò, M. R. (2019). Alcohol use in late adolescence and early adulthood: The role of generalized anxiety disorder and drinking to cope motives. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 107480.
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Adolescent alcohol dependence and anxiety frequently co-occur, leading researchers to examine the link between these two disorders.

Responding to Global Stimulant Use: Challenges and Opportunities

Citation
Farrell, M., Martin, N. K., Stockings, E., Bórquez, A., Cepeda, J. A., Degenhardt, L., ... & Shoptaw, S. (2019). Responding to global stimulant use: challenges and opportunities. The Lancet.
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Stimulants drugs increase the activity of the central nervous system producing feelings of euphoria, increased confidence, sociability, energy, and wakefulness. 

Measuring Drinking Motives in Undergraduates: An Exploration of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised in Swedish Students

Citation
Nehlin, C., Öster, C. Measuring drinking motives in undergraduates: an exploration of the Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised in Swedish students. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 14, 49 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13011-019-0239-9
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Abstract

Background

Alcohol consumption is generally high among undergraduate students and may lead to adverse consequences. Drinking motives play a vital role in the development of alcohol-related problems. The Drinking Motives Questionnaire-Revised (DMQ-R) and the short form of DMQ-R, DMQ-R SF, are widely used tools to identify drinking motives.

Readiness to Change among Involuntarily and Voluntarily Admitted Patients with Substance Use Disorders

Citation
Opsal, A., Kristensen, Ø. & Clausen, T. Readiness to change among involuntarily and voluntarily admitted patients with substance use disorders. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 14, 47 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13011-019-0237-y
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Abstract

Background

Health care workers in the addiction field have long emphasised the importance of a patient’s motivation on the outcome of treatments for substance use disorders (SUDs). Many patients entering treatment are not yet ready to make the changes required for recovery and are often unprepared or sometimes unwilling to modify their behaviour.

Sexual Risky Behavior, Cocaine and Alcohol Use among Substance Users in an Outpatient Facility: A Cross Section Study

Citation
Dallelucci, C.C., Bragiato, E.C., Areco, K.C.N. et al. Sexual risky behavior, cocaine and alcohol use among substance users in an outpatient facility: a cross section study. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 14, 46 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13011-019-0238-x
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Abstract

Background

Substance dependence is considered an international health issue and studies that access the characteristic of this population are required to develop public health programs for harm reduction.

Why Health Care Professionals Belong to an Intensive Care Virtual Community: Qualitative Study

Citation
Rolls KD, Hansen MM, Jackson D, Elliott D Why Health Care Professionals Belong to an Intensive Care Virtual Community: Qualitative Study J Med Internet Res 2019;21(11):e14068 DOI: 10.2196/14068
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ABSTRACT

Background: Clinical practice variation that results in poor patient outcomes remains a pressing problem for health care organizations. Some evidence suggests that a key factor may be ineffective internal and professional networks that limit knowledge exchange among health care professionals.

Cannabis Use and Associated Health Problems – What’s the Harm?

Citation
Smyth, B. P., O’Farrell, A., & Daly, A. (2019). Cannabis use and Associated Health Problems–What’s the Harm?. Irish medical journal, 112(9), 1000-1000.

Abstract

Aim

Cannabis is the most widely used illegal drug in Ireland. We sought to describe the changing pattern of cannabis use and cannabis related health harms.

Methods

Data was collated from two national population surveys and three national treatment databases, focusing on people under 34 years.

Results

Interventions to Integrate Care for People with Serious Mental Illness and Substance Use Disorders: A Systematic Scoping Review Protocol

Citation
Richardson A, Richard L, Gunter K, et al Interventions to integrate care for people with serious mental illness and substance use disorders: a systematic scoping review protocol BMJ Open 2019;9:e031122. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031122
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Abstract

Introduction: People with serious mental illness (SMI) and/or substance use disorders (SUDs) have an elevated risk of premature mortality compared with the general population. This has been attributed to higher rates of chronic illness among these individuals, but also to inequities in healthcare access and treatment. Integrated care has the potential to improve the health of people with SMI/SUDs.

Percepções da comunidade escolar sobre a implantação do programa Unplugged em escolas

Citation
Pollyanna Fausta Pimentel de Medeiros, https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1679-5330 - Ana Paula Dias Pereira, http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9944-4004 - Daniela Ribeiro Schneider, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-2936-6503 - Zila M. Sanchez, http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7427-7956
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As pesquisas brasileiras revelam que há uma precocidade na idade do primeiro uso de álcool e outras drogas, o que acaba gerando os riscos do uso nocivo e de consequentes danos à saúde de crianças e adolescentes.

A Pilot and Feasibility Study of a Cognitive Behavioural Therapy-Based Anxiety Prevention Programme for Junior High School Students in Japan: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Citation
Ohira, I., Urao, Y., Sato, Y. et al. A pilot and feasibility study of a cognitive behavioural therapy-based anxiety prevention programme for junior high school students in Japan: a quasi-experimental study. Child Adolesc Psychiatry Ment Health 13, 40 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13034-019-0300-5
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Abstract

Background

There is a good deal of evidence that cognitive behavioural therapy is effective for children and adolescents with anxiety-related problems. In Japan, an anxiety prevention programme based on cognitive behavioural therapy called ‘Journey of the Brave’ has been developed, and it has been demonstrated to be effective for elementary school students (aged 10–11 years).

Consumo de Psicofármacos y Género en la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires

Citation
https://es.scribd.com/document/106110172/Consumo-de-Psicofarmacos-y-Genero
Publication Date

Argentina es uno de los países que registra mayor consumo mundial de psicofármacos. Estos son utilizados generalmente para tratar síntomas y trastornos depresivos y/o trastornos de ansiedad que afectan a millones de personas en el país.

Intelligence in Young Adulthood and Alcohol Use Disorders in a Prospective Cohort Study of Danish Men: The Role of Psychiatric Disorders and Parental Psychiatric History

Citation
Just-Østergaard E, Flensborg-Madsen T, Knop J, et al Intelligence in young adulthood and alcohol use disorders in a prospective cohort study of Danish men: the role of psychiatric disorders and parental psychiatric history BMJ Open 2019;9:e028997. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-028997
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Abstract

Objectives: The aims were to estimate the association between intelligence measured in young adulthood and risk of alcohol use disorders (AUD) in men and to investigate the potential modification of this association by psychiatric disorders, parental AUD and parental psychiatric disorders.

Using the CONSORT Statement to Evaluate the Completeness of Reporting of Addiction Randomised Trials: A Cross-Sectional Review

Citation
Vassar M, Jellison S, Wendelbo H, et al Using the CONSORT statement to evaluate the completeness of reporting of addiction randomised trials: a cross-sectional review BMJ Open 2019;9:e032024. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032024

Abstract

Objectives: Evaluate the completeness of reporting of addiction randomised controlled trials (RCTs) using the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) statement.

Setting: Not applicable.

Participants: RCTs identified using a PubMed search of 15 addiction journals and a 5-year cross-section.

Comorbilidad médica asociada al abuso y dependencia de alcohol. Revisión documental

Citation
Villa, J. L. B., & Fernández-Cáceres, C. (2019). Comorbilidad médica asociada al abuso y dependencia de alcohol. Revisión documental. Revista inteRnacional de investigación en adicciones, 5(1), 39-50.

Resumen

Introducción: El abuso y dependencia de alcohol son trastornos altamente discapacitantes debido a que tienden a la cronicidad y a la recurrencia. Con frecuencia coexisten con otras condiciones médicas que contribuyen a ensombrecer el pronóstico de los pacientes, ya que empeoran el curso clínico y dificultan su tratamiento y recuperación. 

Update: Characteristics of Patients in a National Outbreak of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injuries — United States, October 2019

Citation
Moritz ED, Zapata LB, Lekiachvili A, et al. Update: Characteristics of Patients in a National Outbreak of E-cigarette, or Vaping, Product Use–Associated Lung Injuries — United States, October 2019. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. ePub: 28 October 2019. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6843e1
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Summary

What is already known about this topic?

CDC and partners are investigating the ongoing outbreak of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury (EVALI) in the United States, the District of Columbia, and one U.S. territory.

What is added by this report?

Consumo de alcohol y su relación con la agresividad en adolescentes de secundaria

Citation
Flores-Garza, P. L., López-García, K. S., Guzmán-Facundo, F. R., Rodríguez-Aguilar, L., & Jiménez-Padilla, B. I. (2019). Consumo de alcohol y su relación con la agresividad en adolescentes de secundaria. Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones, 5(1), 31-38.

Resumen

Introducción: El consumo de alcohol es un problema de salud que impacta negativamente en el bienestar biopsicosocial de las personas y puede favorecer la aparición de distintas formas de agresividad.

Objetivo: Determinar la relación entre la frecuencia y tipo de consumo de alcohol y distintas formas de agresividad en adolescentes de secundaria.

Drug Use Series from the Lancet Journals

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Executive Summary

The drug use landscape is dynamic and changing. Changes in public attitudes and laws towards drug use have occurred in an increasing number of countries.

Global drug production and consumption are increasing as are the risks and harms to health, while new substances continue to emerge. This Series focuses on opioids, cannabinoids, stimulants, and new psychoactive substances.