Research

Impact of Pandemic on Addiction Treatment Centers in Latin America

Citation
Impacto de la Pandemia en Centros de Tratamiento de Adicciones de América Latina
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Preliminary report of the study "Overall impact of the pandemic in the Addiction Treatment Centers of Latin America", which aims to explain the overall impact of pandemic and isolation measures in treatment centers, identify changes in demand for treatment and consumption profiles identified by institutions and, finally, systematize the main measures taken by institutions to address this context.

Telehealth during COVID-19: The Perspective of Alcohol and Other Drug Nurses

Citation
Adekunle, A., Meehan, M., Rojas-Alvarez, D., Trauer, J., & McBryde, E. (2020). Delaying the COVID-19 epidemic in Australia: Evaluating the effectiveness of international travel bans. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 44(4), 257–259
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Aim

This study aimed to explore the experiences of alcohol and other drug nurses transitioning to telehealth due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Background

COVID-19 has caused immense disruption to healthcare services, and to reduce viral transmission, many services moved to off-site care delivery modalities such as telehealth.

Association of Cannabis Use During Adolescence With Neurodevelopment

Citation
Albaugh MD, Ottino-Gonzalez J, Sidwell A, et al. Association of Cannabis Use During Adolescence With Neurodevelopment. JAMA Psychiatry. Published online June 16, 2021. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2021.1258
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Abstract

Importance: Animal studies have shown that the adolescent brain is sensitive to disruptions in endocannabinoid signaling, resulting in altered neurodevelopment and lasting behavioral effects. However, few studies have investigated ties between cannabis use and adolescent brain development in humans.

Impact of Minimum Unit Pricing on Alcohol Purchases in Scotland and Wales

Citation
Anderson, P., O'Donnell, A., Kaner, E., Llopis, E. J., Manthey, J., & Rehm, J. (2021). Impact of minimum unit pricing on alcohol purchases in Scotland and Wales: controlled interrupted time series analyses. The Lancet Public Health.
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In an attempt to reduce consumption of alcohol and the harm it causes, Scotland and Wales introduced minimum unit pricing (MUP) on alcohol purchases. 

Minimum unit price (MUP) is a pricing policy that sets a strength-based threshold price for alcohol products, below which they cannot be legally sold.

Outcomes of Excessive Alcohol Drinkers without Baseline Evidence of Chronic Liver Disease after 15 Years Follow-Up: Heavy Burden of Cancer and Liver Disease Mortality

Citation
Bernardo, S., Crespo, R., Saraiva, S., Barata, R., Gonçalves, S., Nogueira, P., ... & Machado, M. V. (2021). Outcomes of excessive alcohol drinkers without baseline evidence of chronic liver disease after 15 years follow-up: Heavy burden of cancer and liver disease mortality. Plos one, 16(5), e0252218.
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Abstract

 

Background

Most long-term heavy drinkers do not have clinically evident chronic liver disease (CLD). However, at any time-point, their risk of developing CLD remains unknown. We aimed to evaluate the long-term outcomes of a group of heavy drinkers, without evidence of CLD at baseline.

 

Association between Tobacco Consumption and Problematic Internet Use and the Practice of Physical Activity in Spanish Adolescents

Citation
Villanueva-Blasco, V. J., García-Soidán, J. L., Isorna Folgar, M., & Arufe Giráldez, V. (2021). Association between Tobacco Consumption and Problematic Internet Use and the Practice of Physical Activity in Spanish Adolescents. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(10), 5464.

Abstract

The practice of physical activity is a healthy habit that offers health benefits. In contrast, the lack thereof may be associated with an increase in diseases, even at an early age.

The objective of this study was to analyze the association between unhealthy behaviours, such as tobacco consumption and problematic internet use, and the practice of physical activity in adolescents.

Alcohol Consumption and Cause-Specific Mortality in Cuba: Prospective Study of 120 623 Adults

Citation
Rojas, N. B. A., Lacey, B., Simadibrata, D. M., Ross, S., Varona-Pérez, P., Burrett, J. A., ... & Lewington, S. (2021). Alcohol consumption and cause-specific mortality in Cuba: prospective study of 120 623 adults. EClinicalMedicine, 33, 100692.
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Abstract

Background

The associations of cause-specific mortality with alcohol consumption have been studied mainly in higher-income countries. We relate alcohol consumption to mortality in Cuba.

No Safe Level of Alcohol Consumption for Brain Health: Observational Cohort Study

Citation
https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.05.10.21256931
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No safe dose of alcohol for the brain was found. Moderate consumption is
associated with more widespread adverse effects on the brain than previously recognised.
Individuals who binge drink or with high blood pressure and may be more susceptible. Detrimental effects of drinking appear to be greater than other modifiable factors. Current ‘low risk’ drinking guidelines should be
revisited to take account of brain effects.

10th Emirates UCG Edition on Nursing, Healthcare Management and Patient Safety Conference

Citation
10th Emirates UCG edition on Nursing, Healthcare Management and Patient Safety Conference
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On behalf of the 10th Emirates UCG edition on Nursing, Healthcare Management and Patient Safety Conference December 15-17, 2021 Committee, it gives us a great pleasure to announce NHPSUCG2021 scheduled on December 15-17, 2021 in Dubai, UAE.

Effects of a Brief Web-Based “Social Norms”-Intervention on Alcohol, Tobacco and Cannabis Use Among German University Students: Results of a Cluster-Controlled Trial Conducted at Eight Universities

Citation
Pischke, C. R., Helmer, S. M., Pohlabeln, H., Muellmann, S., Schneider, S., Reintjes, R., ... & Zeeb, H. (2021). Effects of a Brief Web-Based “Social Norms”-Intervention on Alcohol, Tobacco and Cannabis Use Among German University Students: Results of a Cluster-Controlled Trial Conducted at Eight Universities. Frontiers in Public Health, 9, 520.
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Source:

What are the Economic Costs to Society Attributable to Alcohol Use? A Systematic Review and Modelling Study

Citation
Manthey, J., Hassan, S.A., Carr, S. et al. What are the Economic Costs to Society Attributable to Alcohol Use? A Systematic Review and Modelling Study. PharmacoEconomics (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40273-021-01031-8
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Abstract

Background

Alcohol-attributable costs to society are captured by cost-of-illness studies, however estimates are often not comparable, e.g. due to the omission of relevant cost components. In this contribution we (1) summarize the societal costs attributable to alcohol use, and (2) estimate the total costs under the assumption that all cost components are considered.

Implementing brief advice for reducing alcohol and tobacco use at the first level of care: A qualitative study

Citation
Lozano Morales V, Hernández-Llanes NF, Millán Hernández BR, Serna-Arreguin RA, Villafranca Salgado L, Sabines Torres JA, et al. Implementación del consejo breve para la reducción del uso de alcohol y tabaco en el primer nivel de atención: un estudio cualitativo. Revista Internacional de Investigación en Adicciones. 2020;6(1):12-22.
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Introduction: In Mexico the consumption of tobacco and alcohol represents a public health problem. Models of screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) have shown efficacy in reducing such consumption, so they are used in different scenarios. One of its most important characteristics is the proximity of professionals to situations and problems about consumption.

Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement Remediates Hedonic Dysregulation in Opioid Users: Neural and Affective Evidence of Target Engagement

Citation
Garland, E. L., Atchley, R. M., Hanley, A. W., Zubieta, J. K., & Froeliger, B. (2019). Mindfulness-Oriented Recovery Enhancement remediates hedonic dysregulation in opioid users: Neural and affective evidence of target engagement. Science advances, 5(10), eaax1569.
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Abstract

Addiction neuroscience models posit that recurrent drug use increases reactivity to drug-related cues and blunts responsiveness to natural rewards, propelling a cycle of hedonic dysregulation that drives addictive behavior.

Patient-Reported Outcomes of Treatment of Opioid Dependence With Weekly and Monthly Subcutaneous Depot vs Daily Sublingual Buprenorphine: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Lintzeris N, Dunlop AJ, Haber PS, et al. Patient-Reported Outcomes of Treatment of Opioid Dependence With Weekly and Monthly Subcutaneous Depot vs Daily Sublingual Buprenorphine: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(5):e219041. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.9041
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Abstract

Importance: Patient-reported outcomes in the treatment of opioid dependence may differ between subcutaneously administered depot buprenorphine and daily sublingual buprenorphine.

Objective: To compare patient satisfaction between depot buprenorphine and sublingual buprenorphine in adult outpatients with opioid dependence.

Incidence and Lethality of Suicidal Overdoses by Drug Class

Citation
Miller TR, Swedler DI, Lawrence BA, et al. Incidence and Lethality of Suicidal Overdoses by Drug Class. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e200607. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.0607
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Abstract

Importance  Prior lethality analyses of suicide means have historically treated drug poisoning other than alcohol poisoning as a lumped category. Assessing risk by drug class permits better assessment of prevention opportunities.

Objective: To investigate the epidemiology of drug poisoning suicides.

Alcohol Use during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean

Citation
Garcia-Cerde R, Valente JY, Sohi I, Falade R, Sanchez ZM, Monteiro MG. Alcohol use during the COVID-19 pandemic in Latin America and the Caribbean. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2021;45:e52. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2021.52
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ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the association between drinking behaviors during the COVID-19 pandemic and quarantine, anxiety symptoms, and sociodemographic characteristics in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).

Staff experiences of encountering and treating outpatients with substance use disorder in the psychiatric context: a qualitative study

Citation
Petersén, E., Thurang, A. & Berman, A.H. Staff experiences of encountering and treating outpatients with substance use disorder in the psychiatric context: a qualitative study. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 29 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00235-9
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Abstract

Background

High comorbidity exists between mental illness and substance use disorders (SUD). Patients in psychiatry living with problematic alcohol or drug consumption can experience a sense of exclusion, where seeking help for SUD can be perceived as stigmatizing. The aim of this study is to illuminate staff experiences of encountering patients with SUD within the psychiatric outpatient context.

Cannabis Use in People With Obsessive-Compulsive Symptomatology: Results From a Mexican Epidemiological Sample

Citation
Nicolini, H., Martínez-Magaña, J. J., Genis-Mendoza, A. D., VILLATORO, J., Camarena, B., Fleiz Bautista, C., ... & Medina-Mora, M. E. (2021). Cannabis Use in People with Obsessive-Compulsive Symptomatology: Results from a Mexican Epidemiological Sample. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12, 643.
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Recent studies suggest that the endocannabinoid system could play an important role in the physiopathology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). There are reports of effective treatment with derivatives of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). The study of the genetic factor associated with psychiatric disorders has made possible an exploration of its contribution to the pharmacological response.

The NIDA Clinical Trials Network: Evolving, Expanding, and Addressing the Opioid Epidemic

Citation
Tai, B., Dobbins, R., Blackeney, Q. et al. The NIDA clinical trials network: evolving, expanding, and addressing the opioid epidemic. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 28 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00238-6
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Abstract

Over the past two decades, the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN), a program of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), has expanded from the initial six Nodes to 16 Nodes, as a nationwide consortium of research scientists and treatment providers working together to improve care for substance use in the nation’s communities.

Assessing the Feasibility of Providing a Family Skills Intervention, “Strong Families”, for Refugee Families Residing in Reception Centers in Serbia

Citation
El-Khani, A., Haar, K., Stojanovic, M., & Maalouf, W. (2021). Assessing the Feasibility of Providing a Family Skills Intervention,“Strong Families”, for Refugee Families Residing in Reception Centers in Serbia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(9), 4530.

Abstract:

The long‐term effectiveness of universal, selective and combined prevention for alcohol use during adolescence: 36‐month outcomes from a cluster randomized controlled trial

Citation
Slade T, Newton NC, Mather M, Barrett EL, Champion KE, Stapinski L, Conrod PJ, Teesson M. The long‐term effectiveness of universal, selective and combined prevention for alcohol use during adolescence: 36‐month outcomes from a cluster randomized controlled trial. Addiction. 2021 Mar;116(3):514-24.
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Open Access article on a four arm cluster randomized trial of school-base alcohol prevention strategies demonstrated that both universal and selective methods improved outcomes compared to control.

Dispositional mindfulness, spirituality and religion and its role as protective factors for substance use in Mexican adolescents

Citation
Ramírez-Garduño, Axel, Veytia López, Marcela, Guadarrama Guadarrama, Rosalinda, & Lira Mandujano, Jennifer. (2020). Mindfulness disposicional, espiritualidad y religión y su papel como factores protectores del consumo de sustancias en adolescentes mexicanos. Nova scientia, 12(25), 00009. Epub 17 de febrero de 2021.https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v12i25.2460
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fountain:

Ramírez-Garduño, Axel, Veytia López, Marcela, Guadarrama Guadarrama, Rosalinda, & Lira Mandujano, Jennifer. (2020). Dispositional mindfulness, spirituality and religion and its role as protective factors for substance use in Mexican adolescents. Nova scientia, 12(25), 00009. Epub February 17, 2021. https://doi.org/10.21640/ns.v12i25.2460

Evaluation of State Cannabis Laws and Rates of Self-harm and Assault

Citation
Matthay EC, Kiang MV, Elser H, Schmidt L, Humphreys K. Evaluation of State Cannabis Laws and Rates of Self-harm and Assault. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(3):e211955. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.1955
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Abstract

Importance  State cannabis laws are changing rapidly. Research is inconclusive about their association with rates of self-harm and assault. Existing studies have not considered variations in cannabis commercialization across states over time.