Research

The Effectiveness of Cigarette Pack Health Warning Labels with Religious Messages in an Urban Setting in Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Citation
Kaplan, B., Hardesty, J. J., Martini, S., Megatsari, H., Kennedy, R. D., & Cohen, J. E. (2019). The Effectiveness of Cigarette Pack Health Warning Labels with Religious Messages in an Urban Setting in Indonesia: A Cross-Sectional Study. International journal of environmental research and public health, 16(21), 4287.
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Abstract

This study sought to assess the effectiveness of religious cigarette health warning labels (HWLs) in Indonesia, a country with a high public health burden from tobacco use. The study tested different religious and nonreligious messages related to suicide, secondhand smoke (SHS) and gangrene. Participants were smokers and non-smokers from Surabaya, Indonesia (n = 817).

Brain-Wide Functional Architecture Remodeling by Alcohol Dependence and Abstinence

Citation
Kimbrough, A., Lurie, D. J., Collazo, A., Kreifeldt, M., Sidhu, H., Macedo, G. C., D’Esposito, M., Contet, C., & George, O. (2020). Brain-wide functional architecture remodeling by alcohol dependence and abstinence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1909915117
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This mouse study describes the structural differences in brains of mice who are dependent on alcohol compared to those who are not. Rather than looking at function of specific sections of the brain, the study looked at the overall structure of the brain to understand differences in a new way.

The article is open access - full article available via the link

Co-Occurring Alcohol Use Disorder and Anxiety Bridging Psychiatric, Psychological, and Neurobiological Perspectives

Citation
Anker, J. J., & Kushner, M. G. (2019). Co-occurring alcohol use disorder and anxiety: bridging psychiatric, psychological, and neurobiological perspectives. Alcohol research: current reviews, 40(1).
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Open Access Abstract:

The Problematic Relationship Between Youth Anxiety and Later Alcohol Use

Citation
Dyer, M. L., Easey, K. E., Heron, J., Hickman, M., & Munafò, M. R. (2019). Associations of child and adolescent anxiety with later alcohol use and disorders: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies (PDF). Addiction, 114(6), 968-982. doi: 10.1111/add.14575

Researchers have continuously debated the link between anxiety and alcohol use. However, despite the previous examination of the direction and strength of the association, the form of the relationship remains unclear.

National, Regional, and Global Burdens of Disease Linked to Alcohol Use

Citation
Shield, K., Manthey, J., Rylett, M., Probst, C., Wettlaufer, A., Parry, C. D., & Rehm, J. (2020). National, regional, and global burdens of disease from 2000 to 2016 attributable to alcohol use: a comparative risk assessment study. The Lancet Public Health, 5(1), e51-e61.

Alcohol use continues to be one of the leading risk factors for the global burden of disease. This is despite growing awareness of the harm alcohol has the potential to cause and many worldwide initiatives and campaigns to tackle the issue.

Even though the global trend in alcohol use shows an overall increase, trends have varied in different parts of the world.

Changes in Smoker Characteristics in England

Citation
Garnett, C., Tombor, I., Beard, E., Jackson, S., West, R., & Brown, J. (2019). Changes in smoker characteristics in England between 2008 and 2017. Addiction.

Smoking in England has decreased over the last decade. It is vital to monitor the trends and examine the factors that may be influencing the downward curve, so as to maintain the pattern and make predictions about future smoking rates.

A recent study, published in Addiction, has examined:

Young Adults Perception of Risk in Relation to Cannabis Consumption

Citation
Herruzo, C., Pino, M. J., Lucena, V., & Herruzo, J. (2019). Perceptual styles and cannabis consumption prediction in young people. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(1). doi: 10.3390/ijerph17010288.
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With cannabis the most commonly used drug globally, the perception of the risk associated with cannabis use declining among young adults, and the adverse health conditions associated with cannabis use, understanding whether perceptual patterns exist among young adults, whether perception influences their consumption of cannabis, and the relationship between their perception and sources of drug information, are important public heal

National, Regional, and Global Burdens of Disease from 2000 to 2016 Attributable to Alcohol Use: A Comparative Risk Assessment Study

Citation
Shield, K., Manthey, J., Rylett, M., Probst, C., Wettlaufer, A., Parry, C. D., & Rehm, J. (2020). National, regional, and global burdens of disease from 2000 to 2016 attributable to alcohol use: a comparative risk assessment study. The Lancet Public Health, 5(1), e51-e61.
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Open Access article

Abstract:

Background

Alcohol use has increased globally, with varying trends in different parts of the world. This study investigates gender, age, and geographical differences in the alcohol-attributable burden of disease from 2000 to 2016.

Skipping Alcohol is Good for a Heart that Skips Beats

Citation
Voskoboinik, A., Kalman, J. M., De Silva, A., Nicholls, T., Costello, B., Nanayakkara, S., ... & Wong, G. (2020). Alcohol Abstinence in Drinkers with Atrial Fibrillation. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(1), 20-28.
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"Even light drinking could contribute to atrial fibrillation, a fluttery heartbeat with potentially grave consequences.

Swearing off alcohol in the new year can be a way to recover from holiday indulgence. But for people who suffer from a common and risky type of heart problem, giving up booze might be a life-saving resolution.

Goal Commitment Predicts Cannabis Use for Adolescents in Treatment

Citation
Yifrah Kaminer, Christine M. Ohannessian & Rebecca H. Burke (2019) Goal commitment predicts cannabis use for adolescents in treatment, Substance Abuse, 40:4, 496-500, DOI: 10.1080/08897077.2019.1573207
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Background: Commitment to change is an innovative potential mediator and mechanism of behaviour change (MOBC) that has not been examined in adolescents with cannabis use.

Rapid Increase in the Prevalence of Cannabis Use Among People with Depression in the United States, 2005–17: The Role of Differentially Changing Risk Perceptions

Citation
Pacek, L. R., Weinberger, A. H., Zhu, J., & Goodwin, R. D. (2019). Rapid increase in the prevalence of cannabis use among persons with depression in the US, 2005‐2017: the role of differentially changing risk perceptions. Addiction.
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Abstract

Aims

To estimate trends in the prevalence of cannabis use and risk perceptions of cannabis use from 2005 to 2017 among United States people with and without depression.

National Addiction-Specific Institutional Infrastructure – Fundamental Prerequisite for Successful Implementation of Specialized Academic Degree Study Programmes: A Case Study in Historical Perspective

Citation
Miovský, M., Vondrová, A., Peters, R., Kathungu, B., & Lososová, A. (2019). National Addiction-specific Institutional Infrastructure – fundamental prerequisite for successful implementation of specialized academic degree study programmes: a case study in historical perspective. Cent Eur J Public Health, 27(Supplement), S83-91. doi: 10.21101/cejph.a5980.
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Objective: Human resources are crucial for addiction treatment and prevention services, as well as for science and research. The aim of this historical case study is to explain and demonstrate the role of specialized university academic degree study programmes in addictions in the context of a national institutional infrastructure.

Incorporation of Universal Prevention Curriculum into Established Academic Degree Study Programme: Qualitative Process Evaluation

Citation
Miovský, M., Vondrová, A., Gabrhelík, R., Sloboda, Z., Libra, J., & Lososová, A. (2019). Incorporation of Universal Prevention Curriculum into established academic degree study programme: qualitative process evaluation. Cent Eur J Public Health, 27(Supplement), 74-82. doi: 10.21101/cejph.a5952.
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Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Comprehensive bachelor's, master's, and doctorate-level curricula of Addiction Studies (Addictology) were developed and implemented at Charles University (First Faculty of Medicine) between 2003 and 2012. This Prague model combines three evidence-based approaches to addressing substance use - prevention, treatment, and public health - into a balanced professionalised discipline.

Outcomes of a Novel Office-Based Opioid Treatment Program in an Internal Medicine Resident Continuity Practice

Citation
Pytell, J.D., Buresh, M.E. & Graddy, R. Outcomes of a novel office-based opioid treatment program in an internal medicine resident continuity practice. Addict Sci Clin Pract 14, 46 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13722-019-0175-z
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Abstract

Background

The integration of opioid use disorder (OUD) care and competencies in graduate medical education training is needed. Previous research shows improvements in knowledge, attitudes, and practices after exposure to OUD care. Few studies report outcomes for patients with OUD in resident physician continuity practices.

Care for Hospitalized Patients with Unhealthy Alcohol Use: A Narrative Review

Citation
Makdissi, R., & Stewart, S. H. (2013). Care for hospitalized patients with unhealthy alcohol use: a narrative review. Addiction science & clinical practice, 8(1), 11. doi:10.1186/1940-0640-8-11
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Abstract

There is increasing emphasis on screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT) for unhealthy alcohol use in the general hospital, as highlighted by new Joint Commission recommendations on SBIRT. However, the evidence supporting this approach is not as robust relative to primary care settings.

How Many Tries Does it Take to Resolve a Substance Use Problem? Lessons from a National Study of Recovering Adults in the U.S.

Citation
Kelly, J. F., Greene, M. C., Bergman, B. G., White, W. L., & Hoeppner, B. B. (2019). How many recovery attempts does it take to successfully resolve an alcohol or drug problem? Estimates and correlates from a national study of recovering U.S. adults. Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, 43(7), 1533-1544. doi: 10.1111/acer.14067
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This retrospective cohort study asks people who are in recovery or have not used alcohol or drugs for at least two years following meeting diagnostic criteria for having a SUD how many quit attempts they had made prior to success. The range was 0-100 previous attempts. 

Association between E-Cigarette Use and Depression in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2016-2017

Citation
Obisesan OH, Mirbolouk M, Osei AD, et al. Association Between e-Cigarette Use and Depression in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2016-2017. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(12):e1916800. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.16800
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Key Points

Question: What is the association between electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use and depression?

Benefits and Harms of Medical Cannabis: A Scoping Review of Systematic Reviews

Citation
Pratt, M., Stevens, A., Thuku, M. et al. Benefits and harms of medical cannabis: a scoping review of systematic reviews. Syst Rev 8, 320 (2019) doi:10.1186/s13643-019-1243-x
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Abstract

Background

There has been increased interest in the role of cannabis for treating medical conditions. The availability of different cannabis-based products can make the side effects of exposure unpredictable. We sought to conduct a scoping review of systematic reviews assessing benefits and harms of cannabis-based medicines for any condition.

An Electronic Screening and Brief Intervention for Hazardous and Harmful Drinking Among Swedish University Students: Reanalysis of Findings From a Randomized Controlled Trial Using a Bayesian Framework

Citation
Bendtsen M An Electronic Screening and Brief Intervention for Hazardous and Harmful Drinking Among Swedish University Students: Reanalysis of Findings From a Randomized Controlled Trial Using a Bayesian Framework J Med Internet Res 2019;21(12):e14420 DOI: 10.2196/14420
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ABSTRACT

Background: Due to a resurgent debate on the misuse of P values, the Journal of Medical Internet Research is hosting a standing theme issue inviting the reanalysis of (primarily digital health) trial data using a Bayesian framework.

Effect of Tobacco Control Policies on the Swedish Smoking Quitline Using Intervention Time-Series Analysis

Citation
Zhou X, Crippa A, Danielsson A, et al. Effect of tobacco control policies on the Swedish smoking quitline using intervention time-series analysis. BMJ Open 2019;9:e033650. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-033650
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Abstract

Objectives: To coherently examine the responsiveness of the Swedish National Tobacco Quitline (SNTQ) to different types of anti-smoking policies over an extended period of calendar time.

Advancing Health Equity through Cross-Cutting Approaches to Health-Related Stigma

Citation
Birbeck, G.L., Bond, V., Earnshaw, V. et al. Advancing health equity through cross-cutting approaches to health-related stigma. BMC Med 17, 40 (2019) doi:10.1186/s12916-019-1282-0
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Abstract

Health-related stigma remains a major barrier to improving health and well-being for vulnerable populations around the world. This collection on stigma research and global health emerged largely as a result of a 2017 meeting on the “The Science of Stigma Reduction” sponsored by the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). An overwhelming consensus at the meeting was reached.

Psychotic Disorders Hospitalisations Associated with Cannabis Abuse or Dependence

Citation
Gonçalves‐Pinho, M, Bragança, M, Freitas, A. Psychotic disorders hospitalizations associated with cannabis abuse or dependence: A nationwide big data analysis. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2019;e1813. https://doi.org/10.1002/mpr.1813
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Delta 9‐tetrahydrocannabinol - a psychoactive compound found in cannabis - activates parts of the brain responsible for cognition, perception, anxiety, fear, memory and reward.

There are continuous debates about the link between cannabis use and psychotic disorders.

People Who Inject Drugs: A Global Review

Citation
Hines, L.A., Trickey, A., Leung, J., Larney, S., Peacock, A., Degenhardt, L. (2020). Associations between national development indicators and the age profile of people who inject drugs: results from a global systematic review and meta-analysis. The Lancet Global Health, 8(1), 76-91.

Globally, an estimated 15·6 million people aged 15–64 years inject drugs. Younger people who inject drugs are at higher risk of overdose, drug dependence, and blood-borne virus transmission and engaging in risky sexual behaviour.

Prioritising Action on Alcohol for Health and Development

Citation
Rekve, D., Banatvala, N., Karpati, A., Tarlton, D., Westerman, L., Sperkova, K., ... & Monteiro, M. (2019). Prioritising action on alcohol for health and development. bmj, 367.
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Globally, alcohol consumption is estimated to cause more than 10% of the burden of noncommunicable diseases, including cirrhosis of the liver, respiratory disease, pancreatitis, cancers (oral and pharynx, larynx, oesophagus, liver, colorectal), strokes and hypertension.

Mental Health Outcomes Associated with of the Use of Amphetamines: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Citation
McKetin, R., Leung, J., Stockings, E., Huo, Y., Foulds, J., Lappin, J. M., ... & Farrell, M. (2019). Mental health outcomes associated with of the use of amphetamines: A systematic review and meta-analysis. EClinicalMedicine.
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Abstract

Background

The use of amphetamines is a global public health concern. We summarise global data on use of amphetamines and mental health outcomes.

Cannabis Legalization, Tobacco Prevention Policies, and Cannabis Use in E-Cigarettes among Youth

Citation
Nicksic, N. E., Do, E. K., & Barnes, A. J. (2019). Cannabis legalization, tobacco prevention policies, and cannabis use in e-cigarettes among youth. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 206(2020). doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2019.107730
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With the rise in e-cigarette use among youth and the ease to conceal marijuana use in e-cigarettes, identifying an association between youth marijuana use in e-cigarettes and marijuana legalization policies has important public health implications considering the changing marijuana landscape and the harms of marijuana use on adolescent development.

Effect of Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone on Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Citation
Dietze P, Jauncey M, Salmon A, et al. Effect of Intranasal vs Intramuscular Naloxone on Opioid Overdose: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(11):e1914977. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.14977
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Key Points

Question: Is 800 μg of naloxone hydrochloride administered intranasally as effective in reversing opioid overdose as the same dose administered intramuscularly?

Association of Disability With Mortality From Opioid Overdose Among US Medicare Adults

Citation
Kuo Y, Raji MA, Goodwin JS. Association of Disability With Mortality From Opioid Overdose Among US Medicare Adults. JAMA Netw Open. 2019;2(11):e1915638. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.15638
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Key Points

Question: What is the rate of opioid overdose deaths among Medicare enrollees younger than 65 years who qualified for Medicare because of disability?