Research

Abuse-Deterrent Opioid Formulations

Citation
Ronald S. Litman, Olivia H. Pagán, Theodore J. Cicero; Abuse-deterrent Opioid Formulations. Anesthesiology 2018;128(5):1015-1026. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000002031.

Abstract

Abuse-deterrent opioid formulations have been suggested as one way to decrease the abuse, addiction, and overdose of orally prescribed opioids. Ten oral opioid formulations have received abuse-deterrent labeling by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

Family Rejection as a Predictor of Suicide Attempts and Substance Misuse Among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Adults.

Citation
Family Rejection as a Predictor of Suicide Attempts and Substance Misuse Among Transgender and Gender Nonconforming Adults Klein Augustus and Golub Sarit A. LGBT Health 2016 3:3, 193-199
Publication Date

A study published in the LGBT Health journal explores family rejection as a predictor for substance misuse in transgender and gender nonconforming adults. 

Crime, Fear, and Mental Health in Mexico

Citation
VILLARREAL, A. and YU, W. (2017), CRIME, FEAR, AND MENTAL HEALTH IN MEXICO. Criminology, 55: 779-805. doi:10.1111/1745-9125.12150
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Abstract

This article examines the effect of exposure to criminal violence on fear of crime and mental health in Mexico, a country that has experienced a dramatic rise in violent events resulting from the operation of drug trafficking organizations (DTOs). Data are drawn from more than 30,000 respondents to a national longitudinal survey of Mexican households.

Alcohol Consumption Reduction among a Web-Based Supportive Community Using the Hello Sunday Morning Blog Platform: Observational Study

Citation
Kirkman JJL, Leo B, Moore JC Alcohol Consumption Reduction Among a Web-Based Supportive Community Using the Hello Sunday Morning Blog Platform: Observational Study J Med Internet Res 2018;20(5):e196 DOI: 10.2196/jmir.9605
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ABSTRACT

Background: Alcohol misuse is a major social and public health issue in Australia, with an estimated cost to the community of Aus $30 billion per annum. Until recently, a major barrier in addressing this significant public health issue is the fact that the majority of individuals with alcohol use disorders and alcohol misuse are not receiving treatment.

A Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Trial of Modafinil for the Treatment of Cocaine Dependence without Co-Morbid Alcohol Dependence

Citation
Drug and Alcohol Dependence: 2015, 155, p. 105-110.
Publication Date

Like methadone for heroin dependence, modafinil is an oral medication with similar effects to cocaine but milder, slower in onset and longer-acting - properties which might help plug the gap in effective pharmacotherapies for dependence on cocaine/crack.

Association between Secondhand Smoke Exposure and Hypertension in Never Smokers

Citation
Park YS, Lee C, Kim Y, et al Association between secondhand smoke exposure and hypertension in never smokers: a cross-sectional survey using data from Korean National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey V, 2010–2012 BMJ Open 2018;8:e021217. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-021217
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Abstract

Objectives: Secondhand smoke (SHS) exposure is associated with cardiovascular disease. This study aims to determine the association between SHS exposure estimated by questionnaire and hypertension in Korean never smokers.

Setting: Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) V was conducted from 2010 to 2012.

Development and Testing of the Youth Alcohol Norms Survey (YANS) Instrument to Measure Youth Alcohol Norms and Psychosocial Influences

Citation
Burns SK, Maycock B, Hildebrand J, et al Development and testing of the Youth Alcohol Norms Survey (YANS) instrument to measure youth alcohol norms and psychosocial influences BMJ Open 2018;8:e019641. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-019641
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Abstract

Objectives: This study aimed to develop and validate an online instrument to: (1) identify common alcohol-related social influences, norms and beliefs among adolescents; (2) clarify the process and pathways through which proalcohol norms are transmitted to adolescents; (3) describe the characteristics of social connections that contribute to the transmission of alcohol norms; and (4) identify the influence o

Racial & Ethnic Disparities in Outpatient Treatment Completion

Citation
Mennis, J. & Stahler, G. J. (2016). Racial and ethnic disparities in outpatient substance use disorder treatment episode completion for different substances. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 63, 25-33.
Publication Date

A study exploring the completion of outpatient substance use disorder treatment has highlighted racial and ethnic health disparities. 

The Effect of Branding to Promote Healthy Behavior: Reducing Tobacco Use among Youth and Young Adults

Citation
Vallone, D.; Greenberg, M.; Xiao, H.; Bennett, M.; Cantrell, J.; Rath, J.; Hair, E. The Effect of Branding to Promote Healthy Behavior: Reducing Tobacco Use among Youth and Young Adults. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 1517.
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Abstract

Policy interventions such as public health mass media campaigns disseminate messages in order to improve health-related knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and behaviors at the population level. Only more recently have campaigns that promote health-related behaviors adopted branding, a well-established marketing strategy, to influence how consumers think and feel about a message.

Thirdhand Smoke Uptake to Aerosol Particles in the Indoor Environment

Citation
P. F. DeCarlo, A. M. Avery, M. S. Waring, Thirdhand smoke uptake to aerosol particles in the indoor environment. Sci. Adv. 4, eaap8368 (2018).
Publication Date

Abstract

Aerosol composition measurements made in an indoor classroom indicate the uptake of thirdhand smoke (THS) species to indoor particles, a novel exposure route for THS to humans indoors.

Tobacco Cessation Interventions and Smoke-Free Policies in Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities

Citation
Marynak K, VanFrank B, Tetlow S, et al. Tobacco Cessation Interventions and Smoke-Free Policies in Mental Health and Substance Abuse Treatment Facilities — United States, 2016. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:519–523. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6718a3
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Summary

What is already known about this topic?

Many persons with mental or substance use disorders who smoke want to and can quit smoking.

What is added by this report?

Impact of an Online Training Program in Hospital Workers’ Smoking Cessation Interventions in Bolivia, Guatemala and Paraguay

Citation
C. Martínez et al. (2018). Impact of an online training program in hospital workers’ smoking cessation interventions in Bolivia, Guatemala and Paraguay. Gac Sanit;32(3):236–243
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Abstract

Objective

To examine changes in hospital workers’ interventions before and after online training.

Larger Gray Matter Volume in the Basal Ganglia of Heavy Cannabis Users Detected by Voxel-Based Morphometry and Subcortical Volumetric Analysis

Citation
Moreno-Alcázar A, Gonzalvo B, Canales-Rodríguez EJ, Blanco L, Bachiller D, Romaguera A, Monté-Rubio GC, Roncero C, McKenna PJ and Pomarol-Clotet E (2018) Larger Gray Matter Volume in the Basal Ganglia of Heavy Cannabis Users Detected by Voxel-Based Morphometry and Subcortical Volumetric Analysis. Front. Psychiatry 9:175. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00175
Publication Date

Background: Structural imaging studies of cannabis users have found evidence of both cortical and subcortical volume reductions, especially in cannabinoid receptor-rich regions such as the hippocampus and amygdala. However, the findings have not been consistent.

Public versus Internal Conceptions of Addiction: An Analysis of Internal Philip Morris Documents

Citation
Elias J, Hendlin YH, Ling PM (2018) Public versus internal conceptions of addiction: An analysis of internal Philip Morris documents. PLOS Medicine 15(5): e1002562. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pmed.1002562
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Tobacco addiction is a complex, multicomponent phenomenon stemming from nicotine’s pharmacology and the user’s biology, psychology, sociology, and environment. After decades of public denial, the tobacco industry now agrees with public health authorities that nicotine is addictive. In 2000, Philip Morris became the first major tobacco company to admit nicotine’s addictiveness.

Stigma Associated with Medication Treatment for Young Adults with Opioid Use Disorder

Citation
Hadland et al. Addict Sci Clin Pract (2018) 13:15 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-018-0116-2
Publication Date

Abstract

Background

Opioid-related overdose deaths have risen sharply among young adults. Despite this increase, access to evidence-based medication for opioid agonist treatment (OAT) for youth remains low. Among older adults, barriers to OAT include the paucity of buprenorphine-waivered prescribers and low rates of prescribing among waivered physicians.

Characteristics of the disorder screening instruments for Alcohol use in young University of Argentina

Citation
Conde, K., Victoria Gimenez, P. y Cremonte, M. (2018). Características de los instrumentos de tamizaje del trastorno por uso de alcohol en jóvenes universitarios de Argentina. Clínica y Salud, 29, 27-33. https://doi.org/10.5093/clysa2018a5
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Overview

Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Receptor Activation in the Ventral Tegmental Area Attenuates Cocaine Seeking in Rats

Citation
Hernandez NS, et al. (2018). Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor activation in the ventral tegmental area attenuates cocaine seeking in rats. Neuropsychopharmacology 0:1–9; https://doi.org/10.1038/s41386-018-0010-3
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Abstract

Novel molecular targets are needed to develop new medications for the treatment of cocaine addiction. Here we investigated a role for glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptors in the reinstatement of cocaine-seeking behavior, an animal model of relapse.

Twelve Million Smokers Look Online for Smoking Cessation Help Annually

Citation
Amanda L Graham, Michael S Amato; Twelve Million Smokers Look Online for Smoking Cessation Help Annually: Health Information National Trends Survey Data, 2005–2017, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, , nty043, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/nty043
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Abstract

Background

This study quantified the potential reach of Internet smoking cessation interventions to support calculations of potential population impact (reach × effectiveness). Using a nationally representative survey, we calculated the number and proportion of adult smokers that look for cessation assistance online each year.

Methods

First and Subsequent Lifetime Alcoholism and Mental Disorders in Suicide Victims with Reference to a Community Sample

Citation
Holmstrand C, Bogren M, Mattisson C and Brådvik L (2018) First and Subsequent Lifetime Alcoholism and Mental Disorders in Suicide Victims With Reference to a Community Sample—the Lundby Study 1947–1997. Front. Psychiatry 9:173. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00173
Publication Date

Background: Suicide victims have been found to frequently suffer from mental disorders, often more than one, and comorbidity has also been found to be a risk factor for suicide.

Light–Moderate Alcohol Consumption and Left Ventricular Function among Healthy, Middle-Aged Adults

Citation
Gémes K, Janszky I, Strand LB, et al Light–moderate alcohol consumption and left ventricular function among healthy, middle-aged adults: the HUNT study BMJ Open 2018;8:e020777. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020777
Publication Date

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the association between alcohol consumption and left ventricular (LV) function in a population with low average alcohol intake.

Experiences of a Motivational Interview Delivered by a Robot: Qualitative Study

Citation
Galvão Gomes da Silva J, Kavanagh DJ, Belpaeme T, Taylor L, Beeson K, Andrade J Experiences of a Motivational Interview Delivered by a Robot: Qualitative Study J Med Internet Res 2018;20(5):e116 URL: http://www.jmir.org/2018/5/e116 DOI: 10.2196/jmir.7737
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ABSTRACT

Background: Motivational interviewing is an effective intervention for supporting behavior change but traditionally depends on face-to-face dialogue with a human counselor.

Potential Public Health Effects of Reducing Nicotine Levels in Cigarettes in the United States

Citation
Apelberg BJ, et al. (2018). Potential Public Health Effects of Reducing Nicotine Levels in Cigarettes in the United States. N Engl J Med 2018; 378:1725-1733 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMsr1714617
Publication Date

Conclusions of this study indicate that enacting a regulation to lower the nicotine content of cigarettes to minimally addictive levels in the United States would lead to a substantial reduction in tobacco-related mortality, despite uncertainty about the precise magnitude of the effects on smoking behaviors.

Alcohol Industry Corporate Social Responsibility Initiatives and Harmful Drinking: A Systematic Review

Citation
Melissa Mialon, Jim McCambridge; Alcohol industry corporate social responsibility initiatives and harmful drinking: a systematic review, European Journal of Public Health, , cky065, https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cky065
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Abstract

Background: There is growing awareness of the detrimental effects of alcohol industry commercial activities, and concern about possible adverse impacts of its corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives, on public health.

Long-term alcoholism cognitive-behavioral group therapy effectiveness: impact of dual pathology in the result of treatment

Citation
Martínez-González, J. M., Vilar-López, R. y Verdejo-García, A. (2018). Efectividad a largo plazo de la terapia de grupo cognitivo-conductual del alcoholismo: impacto de la patología dual en el resultado del tratamiento. Clínica y Salud, 29, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.5093/clysa2018a1
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Overview

Psychological and Psychosocial Interventions for Cannabis Cessation in Adults

Citation
Robin Chatters, Katy Cooper, Ed Day, Matt Knight, Olawale Lagundoye, Ruth Wong & Eva Kaltenthaler (2016) Psychological and psychosocial interventions for cannabis cessation in adults: A systematic review, Addiction Research & Theory, 24:2, 93-110, DOI: 10.3109/16066359.2015.1073719
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Abstract

Objective: Many psychological and psychosocial interventions have been developed to treat regular users of cannabis, but it is unclear which intervention(s) are the most effective. This article aims to assess the effectiveness of psychological and psychosocial interventions for cannabis cessation, and to outline priorities for future research. 

Single Episode of Alcohol Use Resulting in Injury: A Cross-Sectional Study in 21 Countries

Citation
Cherpitel CJ, Ye Y, Poznyak V. (2018). Single episode of alcohol use resulting in injury: a cross-sectional study in 21 countries. Bull World Health Organ 2018;96:335–342 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.2471/BLT.17.202093
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Objective

To examine the empirical basis for including the diagnostic category of “a single episode of harmful substance use” in the 11th revision of the International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems (ICD-11).

Electronic Cigarettes and Future Marijuana Use: A Longitudinal Study

Citation
Dai H, Catley D, Richter KP, et al. Electronic Cigarettes and Future Marijuana Use: A Longitudinal Study. Pediatrics. 2018;141(5):e20173787
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Abstract

Background: Cigarettes have been strongly associated with subsequent marijuana use among adolescents, but electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are now rapidly replacing traditional cigarettes among youth. This study examines associations between youth e-cigarette use and subsequent marijuana use in a national sample.

The Influence of Psychological Factors during Early Years of Life in the Development of Addiction

Citation
Shanmugam PK (2017) The Influence of Psychological Factors during Early Years of Life in the Development of Addiction: A Mini Review. J Alcohol Drug Depend 5:274. doi: 10.4172/2329-6488.1000274
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Abstract

Addiction is a multifaceted condition with various entry and exit points throughout its course in an individual's life. In some adolescents, early onset can be followed by limited adolescent use or abuse and is more related to social risk factors especially in socialized adolescents.

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