Research

Influence of Parental Alcohol Dependence on Parenting and Risking Drinking

Citation
Su, J. , Kuo, S. I., Aliev, F. , Guy, M. C., Derlan, C. L., Edenberg, H. J., Nurnberger, J. I., Kramer, J. R., Bucholz, K. K., Salvatore, J. E. and Dick, D. M. (2018), Influence of Parental Alcohol Dependence Symptoms and Parenting on Adolescent Risky Drinking and Conduct Problems: A Family Systems Perspective. Alcohol Clin Exp Res. doi:10.1111/acer.13827
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A study published in the journal of Alcoholism Clinical and Experimental Research explores the association between parental alcohol problems and subsequent risky drinking and behavioural issues in adolescents. 

Cannabis, a Significant Risk Factor for Violent Behavior in the Early Phase Psychosis

Citation
Moulin V, Baumann P, Gholamrezaee M, Alameda L, Palix J, Gasser J and Conus P (2018) Cannabis, a Significant Risk Factor for Violent Behavior in the Early Phase Psychosis. Two Patterns of Interaction of Factors Increase the Risk of Violent Behavior: Cannabis Use Disorder and Impulsivity; Cannabis Use Disorder, Lack of Insight and Treatment Adherence. Front. Psychiatry 9:294. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00294
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Background: Previous literature suggests that prevalence of cannabis use in the early phase of psychosis is high, and that early psychosis patients are at high-risk for violent behavior. However, the link between cannabis use and violent behavior in early psychosis patients is unclear.

Effects of Repeated Binge Drinking on Blood Pressure Levels and Other Cardiovascular Health Metrics in Young Adults

Citation
Piano et al. (2018). Effects of Repeated Binge Drinking on Blood Pressure Levels and Other Cardiovascular Health Metrics in Young Adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011‐2014. J Am Heart Assoc;7:e008733. DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.118. 008733
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Abstract

Background: Binge drinking prevalence rates are highest in young adults; however, little is known about the effects of binge drinking on blood pressure (BP) and other cardiovascular health metrics in individuals between 18 and 45 years of age.

Treatment of Severe Smoking

Citation
Octavio Campollo1*, O. Patricia Torres Delgado1, Magaly Becerra García1. Treatment of severe smoking after an acute myocardial infarction. Med Int Mex 2017; julio 33(4): 533-539
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Tobacco smoking is a chronic disease affecting one fifth of our population. Most smokers however are not conscious nor seek treatment for their problem. Some patients are able to reach abstinence by themselves but the majority need some kind of medical-psychological therapy.

Knowledge of Mental Health Legislation in Ghana

Citation
Anokye et al. (2018). Knowledge of mental health legislation in Ghana: a case of the use of certificate of urgency in mental health care. Int J Ment Health Syst 12:37 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-018-0215-1
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Abstract

Introduction

Mental illness can affect anyone irrespective of race, gender or personal characteristics. The study sought to investigate health workers’ Knowledge on Mental Health Legislation in Ghana focusing on the Certificate of Urgency.

Sex‐Specific Associations between Alcohol Consumption and Incidence of Hypertension

Citation
Roerecke et al. (2018). Sex‐Specific Associations between Alcohol Consumption and Incidence of Hypertension: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis of Cohort Studies. J Am Heart Assoc. 2018;7: e008202. DOI: 10.1161/JAHA.117.008202
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Abstract

Background: Although it is well established that heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk of hypertension, the risk associated with low levels of alcohol intake in men and women is unclear.

Media Influence on Public Policy in Kenya: The Case of Illicit Brew Consumption

Citation
Mwangi C. (2018). Media Influence on Public Policy in Kenya: The Case of Illicit Brew Consumption. SAGE Open https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244018764245
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Abstract

The media plays a major role in public life, influencing citizens’ focus of attention and providing many of the facts and opinions that shape perspectives on topics of the day. Studies that analyze media influences on policy making have had mixed results on whether the media does actually influence public policy.

Family Management Risk and Protective Factors for Adolescent Substance Use in South Africa

Citation
Muchiri and dos Santos. (2018). Family management risk and protective factors for adolescent substance use in South Africa. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy 13:24 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-018-0163-4
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Abstract

Background

An increasingly recognised prevention approach for substance use entails a reduction in risk factors, and the enhancement of promotive, or protective factors in individuals and the environment surrounding them during their growth and development.

Is Prevalence of E-Cigarette and Nicotine Replacement Therapy Use among Smokers Associated with Average Cigarette Consumption in England?

Citation
Beard E, Brown J, Michie S, et al Is prevalence of e-cigarette and nicotine replacement therapy use among smokers associated with average cigarette consumption in England? A time-series analysis BMJ Open 2018;8:e016046. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-016046
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Abstract

Objectives: Many smokers use e-cigarettes and licensed nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), often in an attempt to reduce their cigarette consumption. We estimated how far changes in prevalence of e-cigarette and NRT use while smoking were accompanied by changes in cigarette consumption at the population level.

Impact of the Tips From Former Smokers Campaign on Population-Level Smoking Cessation, 2012–2015

Citation
Murphy-Hoefer R, Davis KC, Beistle D, King BA, Duke J, Rodes R, et al. Impact of the Tips From Former Smokers Campaign on Population-Level Smoking Cessation, 2012–2015. Prev Chronic Dis 2018;15:180051. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd15.180051
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Abstract

This study provides estimates of the long-term cumulative impact of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s national tobacco education campaign, Tips From Former Smokers (Tips), on population-level smoking cessation.

Healthcare Costs and Utilization Associated with High-Risk Prescription Opioid Use

Citation
Chang et al. (2018). Healthcare costs and utilization associated with high-risk prescription opioid use: a retrospective cohort study. BMC Medicine 16:69 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-018-1058-y
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Abstract

Background

Previous studies on high-risk opioid use have only focused on patients diagnosed with an opioid disorder. This study evaluates the impact of various high-risk prescription opioid use groups on healthcare costs and utilization.

Socioeconomic Status and Cigarette Expenditure among US Households: Results from 2010 to 2015 Consumer Expenditure Survey

Citation
Siahpush M, Farazi PA, Maloney SI, et al Socioeconomic status and cigarette expenditure among US households: results from 2010 to 2015 Consumer Expenditure Survey BMJ Open 2018;8:e020571. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020571
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Abstract

Objectives: To examine (1) the association between household socioeconomic status (SES) and whether a household spends money on cigarettes and (2) socioeconomic variations in proportion of total household expenditure spent on cigarettes among smoking households.

Multilevel Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study Examining School Substance-Misuse Policy and the Use of Cannabis, Mephedrone and Novel Psychoactive Substances

Citation
Midgley LS, Murphy S, Moore G, et al Multilevel population-based cross-sectional study examining school substance-misuse policy and the use of cannabis, mephedrone and novel psychoactive substances among students aged 11–16 years in schools in Wales BMJ Open 2018;8:e020737. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-020737
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Abstract

Objectives: To examine whether young peoples’ risk of cannabis, mephedrone and novel psychoactive substances (NPS) use is associated with school substance-misuse policy.

Design: A cross-sectional survey of secondary school students combined with a School Environment Questionnaire and independently coded school substance-misuse policies (2015/6).

Global Statistics on Alcohol, Tobacco and Illicit Drug Use: 2017 Status Report

Citation
Peacock, A., Leung, J., Larney, S., Colledge, S., Hickman, M., Rehm, J., Giovino, G. A., West, R., Hall, W., Griffiths, P., Ali, R., Gowing, L., Marsden, J., Ferrari, A. J., Grebely, J., Farrell, M., and Degenhardt, L. (2018) Global statistics on alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use: 2017 status report. Addiction, doi: 10.1111/add.14234.
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Abstract

Aims

This review provides an up‐to‐date curated source of information on alcohol, tobacco and illicit drug use and their associated mortality and burden of disease. Limitations in the data are also discussed, including how these can be addressed in the future.

Application of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to Assess Factors that May Influence Implementation of Tobacco Use Treatment Guidelines in the Viet Nam Public Health Care Delivery System

Citation
VanDevanter et al. (2017). Application of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research to assess factors that may influence implementation of tobacco use treatment guidelines in the Viet Nam public health care delivery system. Implementation Science 12:27 DOI 10.1186/s13012-017-0558-z
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Abstract

Background

Services to treat tobacco dependence are not readily available to smokers in low-middle income countries (LMICs) where smoking prevalence remains high. We are conducting a cluster randomized controlled trial comparing the effectiveness of two strategies for implementing tobacco use treatment guidelines in 26 community health centers (CHCs) in Viet Nam.

Exploring the Factors Affecting the Implementation of Tobacco and Substance Use Interventions within a Secondary School Setting

Citation
Waller et al. (2017). Exploring the factors affecting the implementation of tobacco and substance use interventions within a secondary school setting: a systematic review. Implementation Science 12:130 DOI 10.1186/s13012-017-0659-8
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Abstract

Background

The aim of this mixed-methods, systematic literature review was to develop an understanding of the factors affecting the implementation of tobacco and substance use intervention programmes in the secondary school setting using NPT as an analytical framework.

Ibogaine Treatment Outcomes for Opioid Dependence from a Twelve-Month Follow-Up Observational Study

Citation
Geoffrey E. Noller, Chris M. Frampton & Berra Yazar-Klosinski (2018) Ibogaine treatment outcomes for opioid dependence from a twelve-month follow-up observational study, The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 44:1, 37-46, DOI: 10.1080/00952990.2017.1310218
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ABSTRACT

Background: The psychoactive indole alkaloid ibogaine has been associated with encouraging treatment outcomes for opioid dependence. The legal status of ibogaine in New Zealand provides a unique opportunity to evaluate durability of treatment outcomes. 

Toxicokinetics of Ibogaine and Noribogaine in a Patient with Prolonged Multiple Cardiac Arrhythmias after Ingestion of Internet Purchased Ibogaine

Citation
Marieke Henstra, Liza Wong, Abdel Chahbouni, Noortje Swart, Cor Allaart & Ferdi Sombogaard (2017) Toxicokinetics of ibogaine and noribogaine in a patient with prolonged multiple cardiac arrhythmias after ingestion of internet purchased ibogaine, Clinical Toxicology, 55:6, 600-602, DOI: 10.1080/15563650.2017.1287372
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Abstract

Background: Ibogaine is an agent that has been evaluated as an unapproved anti-addictive agent for the management of drug dependence. Sudden cardiac death has been described to occur secondary to its use. We describe the clinical effects and toxicokinetics of ibogaine and noribogaine in a single patient.

Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder with Ibogaine: Detoxification and Drug Use Outcomes

Citation
Thomas Kingsley Brown & Kenneth Alper (2017) Treatment of opioid use disorder with ibogaine: detoxification and drug use outcomes, The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 44:1, 24-36, DOI: 10.1080/00952990.2017.1320802
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ABSTRACT

Background: Ibogaine is a monoterpene indole alkaloid used in medical and nonmedical settings for the treatment of opioid use disorder. Its mechanism of action is apparently novel. There are no published prospective studies of drug use outcomes with ibogaine. 

Objectives: To study outcomes following opioid detoxification with ibogaine. 

Barriers to Addiction Prevention and Treatment in Communities with Organized Crime: The Perspective of Health Providers

Citation
Gómez San Luis, A., & Almanza Avendaño, A. (2018). Barriers to addiction prevention and treatment in communities with organized crime: the perspective of health providers. Salud Mental, 41(2), 73-80. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2018.010
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ABSTRACT

Introduction: The presence of organized crime may encourage an increase in the supply of illicit substances, the incorporation of young people into crime, the promotion of substance-oriented lifestyles, and the use of violent tactics to control territories that generate insecurity and loss of social capital are generated. 

Tobacco Product Use among Youths with and without Lifetime Asthma

Citation
Reid KM, Forrest JR, Porter L. Tobacco Product Use Among Youths With and Without Lifetime Asthma — Florida, 2016. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2018;67:599–601. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6721a2
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Summary

What is already known about this topic?

Among young persons with asthma, use of combustible tobacco products, particularly cigarettes, worsens symptoms and increases need for medical management.

What is added by this report?

Dilemmas in Recovery‑Oriented Practice to Support People with Co‑Occurring Mental Health and Substance Use Disorders

Citation
Brekke et al. (2018). Dilemmas in recovery‑oriented practice to support people with co‑occurring mental health and substance use disorders: a qualitative study of staff experiences in Norway. Int J Ment Health Syst 12:30 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13033-018-0211-5
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Abstract

Background

Recovery-oriented practice is recommended in services for people with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders. Understanding practitioners’ perceptions of recovery-oriented services may be a key component of implementing recovery principles in day-to-day practice.

Passive Exposure to E-Cigarette Emissions: Immediate Respiratory Effects

Citation
Tzortzi, A., Teloniatis, S. I., Matiampa, G., Bakelas, G., Vyzikidou, V. K., Vardavas, C. I. ... Fernandez, E. (2018). Passive exposure to e-cigarette emissions: Immediate respiratory effects. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 4(May), 18. https://doi.org/10.18332/tpc/89977
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ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The present work examined the effect of passive exposure to electronic-cigarette (e-cigarette) emissions on respiratory mechanics and exhaled inflammatory biomarkers.

Sugar, Tobacco, and Alcohol Taxes to Achieve the SDGs

Citation
Marten, Robert et al. (2018). Sugar, tobacco, and alcohol taxes to achieve the SDGs. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31219-4
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More than a decade after the adoption of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, there is compelling evidence that raising tobacco prices substantially through taxation is the single most effective way to reduce tobacco use and save lives. Similarly, alcohol taxation is a cost-effective way to reduce alcohol consumption and harm. With growing evidence, sugar taxes are another fiscal tool to promote health and nutrition. Mexico's sugar

Risky Business: A Longitudinal Study Examining Cigarette Smoking Initiation among Susceptible and Non-Susceptible E-Cigarette Users in Canada

Citation
Aleyan S, Cole A, Qian W, et al. Risky business: a longitudinal study examining cigarette smoking initiation among susceptible and non-susceptible e-cigarette users in Canada. BMJ Open 2018;8:e021080. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2017-021080
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Abstract

Objectives: Given that many adolescent e-cigarette users are never-smokers, the possibility that e-cigarettes may act as a gateway to future cigarette smoking has been discussed in various studies. Longitudinal data are needed to explore the pathway between e-cigarette and cigarette use, particularly among different risk groups including susceptible and non-susceptible never-smokers.

Video Training with Peer Feedback in Real-Time Consultation: Acceptability and Feasibility in a General-Practice Setting

Citation
Eeckhout T, Gerits M, Bouquillon D, et al Video training with peer feedback in real-time consultation: acceptability and feasibility in a general-practice setting Postgraduate Medical Journal 2016;92:431-435.
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Abstract

Objective: Since many years, teaching and training in communication skills are cornerstones in the medical education curriculum. Although video recording in a real-time consultation is expected to positively contribute to the learning process, research on this topic is scarce.

A Mobile Phone-Based Life Skills Training Program for Substance Use Prevention Among Adolescents

Citation
Haug S, Paz Castro R, Meyer C, Filler A, Kowatsch T, Schaub MP A Mobile Phone-Based Life Skills Training Program for Substance Use Prevention Among Adolescents: Pre-Post Study on the Acceptance and Potential Effectiveness of the Program, Ready4life JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2017;5(10):e143 DOI: 10.2196/mhealth.8474
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Researchers from universities in Germany and Switzerland have explored the use of m-health in substance use prevention in adolescents. 

Virtual Reality Cue Refusal Video Game for Alcohol and Cigarette Recovery Support: Summative Study

Citation
Metcalf M, Rossie K, Stokes K, Tallman C, Tanner B Virtual Reality Cue Refusal Video Game for Alcohol and Cigarette Recovery Support: Summative Study JMIR Serious Games 2018;6(2):e7 DOI: 10.2196/games.9231
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A study implementing the use of virtual reality to explore addition and recovery has been published by a team of researchers connected to Clinical Tools, Inc. Clinical Tools is based in the USA with work combining medicine, science, and technology to deliver online education and improve patient care. 

Development of social skills in school: experience of a prevention strategy

Citation
Gutierrez, M. L., y Villatoro, J. A. (2012). Desarrollo de habilidades sociales en la escuela: experiencia de una estrategia de prevención. Revista Iberoamericana sobre Niñez y Juventud en Lucha por sus Derechos, 5, 34-40.
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Research has shown that if children receive preventive interventions from an early age, aimed to promote the development of healthy lifestyle habits and development of appropriate skills, avoided engaging in risky behavior as the consumption of drugs.

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