Research

Changes in Specific Substance Involvement Scores among SBIRT Recipients in an HIV Primary Care Setting

Citation
Dawson‐Rose et al. Addict Sci Clin Pract (2017) 12:34 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-017-0101-1
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Abstract

Background

Substance use is common among people living with HIV (PLHIV) and is associated with worse outcomes along the HIV care continuum. One potentially effective clinic-based approach to addressing unhealthy substance use is screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment (SBIRT).

Positive and Negative Parenting Associated with Severe Problems of Child Behavior

Citation
Morales-Chainé etal. (2017). Positive and negative parenting associated with severe problems of child behavior. Health and Addictions, Vol. 17, No.2, 137-149 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21134/haaj.v17i2.313.g299

Abstract

Introduction: Certain child rearing practices are associated with severe behavioral problems in children.

Objective: To assess the relationship between child rearing practices and severe behavioral problems in children.

Delivery of Screening and Brief Intervention for Unhealthy Alcohol Use in an Urban Academic Federally Qualified Health Center

Citation
Bachhuber et al. Addict Sci Clin Pract (2017) 12:33 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-017-0100-2
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Abstract

Background

Screening and brief intervention (SBI) for unhealthy drinking has not been widely implemented in primary care partly due to reliance on physicians to perform it.

Are Political Views Related to Smoking and Support for Tobacco Control Policies? A Survey across 28 European Countries

Citation
Filippidis et al. Tobacco Induced Diseases (2017) 15:45 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12971-017-0151-x
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Abstract

Background

General political views are rarely considered when discussing public support for tobacco control policies and tobacco use. The aim of this study was to explore potential associations between political views, smoking and support for tobacco control policies.

No Clear Role for Medications in Less Dependent Drinkers

Citation
Palpacuer C., Duprez R., Huneau A. et al. Pharmacologically controlled drinking in the treatment of alcohol dependence or alcohol use disorders: a systematic review with direct and network meta-analyses on nalmefene, naltrexone, acamprosate, baclofen and topiramate. Addiction: 2017, in press.
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In 2013 nalmefene was authorised for moderating drinking among patients not in need of detoxification, extending pharmacotherapy to less dependent drinkers.

Gambling Activates the Same Brain Pathways as Substance Addiction, New Study Finds

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Problem gambling in the UK is reported to affect around 590,000 people.

The condition can be treated via a range of approaches, including cognitive behavioural therapy and medication.

Published in the journal Translational Psychiatry, a new study carried out by researchers from Imperial College London has found that gambling addiction activates the same brain pathways as drug and alcohol cravings.

Risk and Protective Factors for Substance Use in High-Risk Populations

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There tends to be an increase in prevalence of substance use issues within populations living in urban areas and where poverty levels are high.

Certain risk factors, more common in deprived areas, are particularly associated with substance use problems. Others are known to foster resilience and can protect individuals from poor consequences.

Women and Substance Use

Citation
Sharma V, Sarna A, Tun W, et al Women and substance use: a qualitative study on sexual and reproductive health of women who use drugs in Delhi, India BMJ Open 2017;7:e018530. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018530
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Abstract

Objectives: To explore contextual factors that increase vulnerabilities to negative sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes and possible differences in SRH-related behaviours and the needs of women who use drugs (WUD) through non-injecting and injecting routes.

Design: Qualitative study design using semi-structured in-depth interviews.

Alcohol Marketing Regulation: From Research to Public Policy

Citation
Monteiro, M. G., Babor, T. F., Jernigan, D., and Brookes, C. (2017) Alcohol marketing regulation: from research to public policy. Addiction, 112: 3–6. doi: 10.1111/add.13660.
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Introduction

Alcohol marketing, promotion and sponsorship are widespread in most of the world today. Alcohol marketing is evolving constantly and utilizes multiple channels, including youth-oriented radio, television, sports events and popular music concerts, websites, social media, mobile phones and product placements in movies and TV shows.

Are E-Cigarettes Really 'Healthier' Than Traditional Cigarettes?

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There is much debate as to whether e-cigarettes are in fact ‘better’ for you than traditional cigarettes because their potential adverse effects are only beginning to be researched. Combine this with the fact that, between 2011 and 2015, the use of e-cigarettes among US high-school students rose by around 900%, the situation makes for concerning reading.

"Effects of Drugs on Socio-Economic Conditions of Union Council Shoghore District Chitral, Pakistan"

Citation
Ali, M. S. (2003). Diagnostic Significance of Schneiderian First Rank Symptoms. Lahore: Department of Psychiatry, King Edward Medical College. Ashraf, S. (2008). Socio-Economic and Environmental Impacts of Tourism on Buburet in Kalash Valley. Abbottabad: COMSATS Institute of Information Technology. Bhatti, F. (1994). Heroin Addiction: A Study of Heroin Addicts with Special References to Socio-demographic Background. Karachi: Baqai University of Health. Bianhow, T. (2008). The 6th Asian Youth Congress. Colombo plan prevention works (p. 30). Bali: Colombo plan. Fidler, S. (2008). UN Alarm at Spread of Aghan Opium. London: Financial Times. Gerras, S. (2010). The Effects of Multiple Deployments on Army Adolescents. Carlisle: U.S. Army War College. Government, D. (2009). Chitral Census. Chitral: District Government Chitral . Justice, U. D. (2006). Fentanyl: Situation Report SR-000001. Washington, D.C.: National Drug Intelligence Center. KHAN, M. H., & AHMED, I. (2007). Road traffic accidents study of risk fact
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The Economic Burden of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Canada in 2013

Citation
Svetlana Popova, Shannon Lange, Larry Burd, Jürgen Rehm; The Economic Burden of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in Canada in 2013, Alcohol and Alcoholism, Volume 51, Issue 3, 1 May 2016, Pages 367–375, https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agv117
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Aim

To estimate the economic burden and cost attributable to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) in Canada in 2013.

Alcohol and Cancer: A Statement of the American Society of Clinical Oncology

Citation
LoConte NK, Brewster AM, Kaur JS, Merrill JK, Alberg AJ. (2017). Alcohol and Cancer: A Statement of the American Society of Clinical Oncology J Clin Oncol 35Journal of Clinical Oncology - published online before print November 7, 2017 DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2017.76.1155
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Abstract

Alcohol drinking is an established risk factor for several malignancies, and it is a potentially modifiable risk factor for cancer. The Cancer Prevention Committee of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) believes that a proactive stance by the Society to minimize excessive exposure to alcohol has important implications for cancer prevention.

Consensus Validation of the POSAMINO (POtentially Serious Alcohol–Medication INteractions in Older adults) Criteria

Citation
Holton AE, Gallagher PJ, Ryan C, et al Consensus validation of the POSAMINO (POtentially Serious Alcohol–Medication INteractions in Older adults) criteria BMJ Open 2017;7:e017453. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017453
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Abstract

Objectives: Older adults are particularly vulnerable to adverse effects from concurrent alcohol and medication use. However, there is limited evidence regarding the prevalence of these adverse outcomes among older adults, and there is a lack of consensus regarding what constitutes an alcohol-interactive medicine.

Exercise in the Treatment of Youth Substance Use Disorders: Review and Recommendations

Citation
More A, Jackson B, Dimmock JA, Thornton AL, Colthart A and Furzer BJ (2017) Exercise in the Treatment of Youth Substance Use Disorders: Review and Recommendations. Front. Psychol. 8:1839. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01839
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SUMMARY

Substance use disorders are one of the most common and debilitating mental health conditions experienced by youth, and several well-established risk factors exist that contribute to the development and persistence of SUDs.

Gender Differences in the Alcohol-Related Alterations in Cortical Activity

Citation
Kaarre O, Kallioniemi E, Könönen M, et al. Gender differences in the alcohol-related alterations in cortical activity – a combined TMS-EEG study. Presented at: 30th European College of Neuropsychopharmacology Congress; September 4, 2017; Paris, France. Poster P.6.b.008.
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Background: Long-term alcohol use is known to harm brain functioning in adolescence.

Measuring Improvement in Knowledge of Drug Policy Reforms Following a Police Education Program in Tijuana, Mexico

Citation
Arredondo et al. (2017). Measuring improvement in knowledge of drug policy reforms following a police education program in Tijuana, Mexico Harm Reduction Journal 14:72 DOI 10.1186/s12954-017-0198-2
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Abstract

Background

Mexico’s 2009 “narcomenudeo reform” decriminalized small amounts of drugs, shifting some drug law enforcement to the states and mandating drug treatment diversion instead of incarceration. Data from Tijuana suggested limited implementation of this harm reduction-oriented policy.

How to Adapt Existing Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines

Citation
Selby P, Hunter K, Rogers J, et al. How to adapt existing evidence-based clinical practice guidelines: a case example with smoking cessation guidelines in Canada. BMJ Open 2017;7:e016124. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2017-016124
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Abstract

Objective: To develop and encourage the adoption of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) for smoking cessation in Canada by engaging stakeholders in the adaptation of existing high-quality CPGs using principles of the ADAPTE framework.

Do Creative Arts Therapies Reduce Substance Misuse? A Systematic Review

Citation
Karen Megranahan, Michael Thomas Lynskey, Do creative arts therapies reduce substance misuse? A systematic review, In The Arts in Psychotherapy, Volume 57, 2018, Pages 50-58, ISSN 0197-4556, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2017.10.005.
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Abstract

The complexities of substance misuse treatment indicate a need to consider the efficacy of creative arts therapies for those who find it difficult to verbalise their emotions and feelings. The focus of this systematic review is to identify and critically evaluate studies on the effectiveness of creative arts therapy interventions for reducing substance misuse, aiming at reaching some conclusions on the subject.

A Longitudinal Study of the Relationship between Receptivity to E-Cigarette Advertisements and E-Cigarette Use among Baseline Non-Users of Cigarettes and E-Cigarettes

Citation
Agaku et al. A longitudinal study of the relationship between receptivity to e-cigarette advertisements and e-cigarette use among baseline non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes, United States. (2017). Tobacco Induced Diseases 15:42 DOI 10.1186/s12971-017-0145-8
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Abstract

Background

We investigated the relationship between receptivity to electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) advertisements at baseline and e-cigarette use at follow-up among adult baseline non-users of cigarettes and e-cigarettes.

Factors Influencing the Long-Term Sustainment of Quality Improvements Made in Addiction Treatment Facilities

Citation
Stumbo et al. (2017) Factors influencing the long-term sustainment of quality improvements made in addiction treatment facilities: a qualitative study Addict Sci Clin Pract 12:26 DOI 10.1186/s13722-017-0093-x
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Abstract

Background

A greater understanding of the factors that influence long-term sustainment of quality improvement (QI) initiatives is needed to promote organizational ability to sustain QI practices over time, help improve future interventions, and increase the value of QI investments.

Effects of Naltrexone on Alcohol Self-Administration and Craving

Citation
Hendershot, C. S., Wardell, J. D., Samokhvalov, A. V., and Rehm, J. (2017) Effects of naltrexone on alcohol self-administration and craving: meta-analysis of human laboratory studies. Addiction Biology, 22: 1515–1527. doi: 10.1111/adb.12425.
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Abstract

Randomized clinical trials have established the efficacy of naltrexone for reducing quantity of alcohol consumption and incidence of relapse to heavy drinking. To evaluate putative treatment mechanisms, human laboratory studies have examined naltrexone's effects on alcohol responses and self-administration during short-term medication protocols.

Addiction Training in Clinical Psychology: Does It Meet the Demand?

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Clinical psychology is particularly well suited to offering a multifaceted response in order to help those living with a substance use disorder. A new study published in the academic journal American Psychologist investigates the extent to which current clinical psychology training is addressing the fact that addiction has emerged as a serious public health crisis, asking: ‘Are we keeping up with the rising epidemic?’

Acute Ethanol Administration Upregulates Synaptic α4-Subunit of Neuronal Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptors within the Nucleus Accumbens and Amygdala

Citation
Tarren JR, Lester HA, Belmer A and Bartlett SE (2017) Acute Ethanol Administration Upregulates Synaptic
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Alcohol and nicotine are two of the most frequently abused drugs, with their comorbidity well described. Previous data show that chronic exposure to nicotine upregulates high-affinity nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in several brain areas. Effects of ethanol on specific brain nAChR subtypes within the mesolimbic dopaminergic (DA) pathway may be a key element in the comorbidity of ethanol and nicotine.

Evaluation of a Novel Intervention Providing Insight into the Tobacco Industry to Prevent the Uptake of Smoking in School-Aged Children

Citation
Szatkowski L, Taylor J, Taylor A, et al. Evaluation of a novel intervention providing insight into the tobacco industry to prevent the uptake of smoking in school-aged children: a mixedmethods study. BMJ Open 2017;7:e018031. doi:10.1136/ bmjopen-2017-018031
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Abstract

Objectives: Evidence from the US Truth campaign suggests that interventions focusing on tobacco industry practices and ethics may be effective in preventing youth smoking uptake. We developed, piloted and evaluated a school-based intervention based on this premise.

How Can We Demonstrate the Public Value of Evidence-Based Policy Making when Government Ministers Declare that the People ‘Have Had Enough of Experts’?

Citation
Andrews L. (2017). How can we demonstrate the public value of evidence-based policy making when government ministers declare that the people ‘have had enough of experts’? Palgrave Communications 3, Article number: 11 doi:10.1057/s41599-017-0013-4
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Abstract

Recent political campaigns on both sides of the Atlantic have led some to argue that we live in the age of ‘post-factual’ or ‘post-truth’ politics, suggesting evidence has a limited role in debate and public policy. How can we demonstrate the public value of evidence-informed debate under those circumstances?

Engagement within a Mobile Phone-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adolescents

Citation
Paz Castro R, Haug S, Filler A, Kowatsch T, Schaub MP Engagement within a Mobile Phone–Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Adolescents and its Association with Participant Characteristics and Outcomes. J Med Internet Res 2017;19(11):e356 DOI: 10.2196/jmir.7928
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ABSTRACT

Background: Although mobile phone-delivered smoking cessation programs are a promising way to promote smoking cessation among adolescents, little is known about how adolescents might actually use them.

Perceptions and Experiences with Flavored Non-Menthol Tobacco Products

Citation
Kowitt, S.D.; Meernik, C.; Baker, H.M.; Osman, A.; Huang, L.-L.; Goldstein, A.O. Perceptions and Experiences with Flavored Non-Menthol Tobacco Products: A Systematic Review of Qualitative Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2017, 14, 338.
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Abstract

Although a few countries have banned flavored cigarettes (except menthol), flavors in most tobacco products remain unregulated across the globe. We conducted a systematic review of qualitative studies examining perceptions of and experiences with flavored non-menthol tobacco products.

Novel Vaccines against Morphine Heroin

Citation
Salazar-Juárez, A., Barbosa Méndez, S., Feregrino Alonso, M., Hernández Miramontes, R., Ramos Ochoa, E., Bonilla Reyes, E., Jacinto Gutierrez, S., Pentel, P., & Antón, B. (2013). Novel vaccines against morphine heroin. SALUD MENTAL, 36(3), 219-227. doi:https://doi.org/10.17711/SM.0185-3325.2013.028

SUMMARY

Drug addiction is one of the most important health problems worldwide. This pathology results in the death of about 500,000 individuals annually around the globe. Despite this scenario, the development of effective drug therapies against this disease has been slow and not very successful. In recent years, new alternative pharmacological strategies against drug addiction have been designed and validated.

Tobacco Industry Strategies Undermine Government Tax Policy: Evidence from Commercial Data

Citation
Hiscock R, Branston JR, McNeill A, et al Tobacco industry strategies undermine government tax policy: evidence from commercial data Tobacco Control Published Online First: 09 October 2017. doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053891
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Abstract

Objective: Taxation equitably reduces smoking, the leading cause of health inequalities. The tobacco industry (TI) can, however, undermine the public health gains realised from tobacco taxation through its pricing strategies. This study aims to examine contemporary TI pricing strategies in the UK and implications for tobacco tax policy.

Please note that the content provided by the ISSUP Knowledge Share does not necessarily reflect the views of ISSUP. It is provided to inform and stimulate discussion of key issues in the field with a view to encouraging evidence-based, high quality and ethical policy and practice. While every effort is made to moderate submissions by external users, exercise caution before assuming these to be grounded in sound scientific practice as this may not always be the case.