Mortality Risk During and After Opioid Substitution Treatment
ABSTRACT Objective To compare the risk for all cause and overdose mortality in people with opioid dependence during and after substitution treatment with methadone or
Heroin use in the United States has reached epidemic proportions. The objective of this paper is to estimate the annual societal cost of heroin use disorder in the United States in 2015 US dollars.
Objectives: To investigate whether moderate alcohol consumption has a favourable or adverse association or no association with brain structure and function.
Design: Observational cohort study with weekly alcohol intake and cognitive performance measured repeatedly over 30 years (1985-2015). Multimodal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed at study endpoint (2012-15).
Do high-risk pupils benefit more so from psychological interventions than standard drug education initiatives?
Much research suggests there are, in fact, a number of significantly positive effects associated with the former.
What is more unclear, however, is the extent to which the personality matching strategy is an effective component of such interventions.
New research published in the journal European Addiction Research paints a picture of drug treatment services for cannabis-related problems between 2003 – 2014 across 22 European countries.
Notably, it suggests that, on the whole, during the period in question the overall number and proportion of first-time service users increased significantly.
For the first time in a prison setting, a randomised trial has rigorously compared intensive residential therapeutic community treatment to outpatient counselling. Confounding expectations, the US prison for problem drug users which hosted the study gained no recidivism dividend by allocating even high-risk prisoners to intensive treatment.
This misuse of prescription opioids is a major public health challenge. Buprenorphine-naloxone (bup-nx) is typically used to treat opioid use disorders. However, the drug’s clinical trial primarily involved heroin users. It was therefore unclear to what extent its effects differ for those dependent on prescription opioids.
There remain many unanswered questions regarding the health effects of e-cigarettes.
A new study published in the journal Development and Psychopathology claims to have found a positive link between affluence, high academic performance and drug and alcohol use.
New research published in the journal Biological Psychiartry points to a novel way for the treatment of alcoholism. This would look to reduce motivation for drinking instead of altering the effects of alcohol, itself.
New research published in The Lancet Public Health has examined the link between alcohol-related health effects and socioeconomic status.
The over-prescription of opioids is a significant public health issue in the United States. For example, opioids are often prescribed for minor injuries unnecessarily. This, in turn, increases the risk of addiction.
Preloading with alcohol, or ‘pre-drinking’, before a night out is becoming more and more common. New research carried out in a night-life district in Queensland, Australia, has looked to gauge the extent of ‘pre-drinking’. The study reports almost 80% of people asked consumed alcohol prior to going out, with around 70% registering high blood-alcohol content before reaching their intended entertainment destination. The study also found little v
There is a strong link between receptivity to tobacco product advertisements and susceptibility to smoking cigarettes later in life, according to new research published in the journal Pediatrics. Put simply, the study suggests that the more an adolescent likes a tobacco ad, the more likely he/she is to try smoking in the future.
A new American Cancer Society study published in the journal Tobacco Control suggests that regularly receiving personalised emails with tips for quitting amongst other information could be as effective at reducing the rate of smoking as medical alternatives.
Background: Parental absence, due to death or separation from a parent, has been associated with smoking and alcohol consumption in adolescence and adulthood. The aim of this study was to investigate whether parental absence in early childhood was associated with smoking and alcohol uptake before adolescence.
What is already known about this topic?
Smoked tobacco products, such as cigarettes and cigars, are the most common form of tobacco consumed worldwide and most tobacco smokers begin smoking during adolescence.
What is added by this report?
This systematic review included randomized controlled clinical trials that compared the administration of an α2-adernergic agonist with other interventions such as placebo or methadone to reduce symptoms of opioid withdrawal. Outcomes included withdrawal signs and symptoms, adverse effects, or treatment course completion.
Screening and brief interventions for alcohol are an effective public health measure to tackle alcohol-related harm, however relatively few countries across the European Union (EU) have implemented them widely. This may be due to a lack of understanding of the specific financial implications of such policies within each country.
New research published in the Journal of Neural Transmission highlights a number of potential adverse side-effects from using the stimulant drug Ritalin without a prescription. Ritalin (Methylphenidate) is medically used to treat Attention Deficient Hyper-Activity Disorder (ADHD). However, we also know that the drug is being increasingly used by students to aid concentration.
Previous research has found strong associations between adolescents’ hazardous alcohol use and their perception of peer behavior, as well as own spending money and a range of antisocial behaviors. However, there is insufficient evidence of gender-specific predictors among adolescents with elevated antisocial behavior and alcohol use to design effective selective interventions.
The recently published results from the European Social Survey provide us with an indication of who in Europe consumes the most alcohol.
Among the findings, notable are:
Among US neighbourhoods, poverty and disorganisation, that is high levels of crime, drug trafficking and graffiti etc., may increase the risk of problem drinking, more so than the presence of bars or stores that sell alcohol.
In other words, socioeconomic factors could play a more significant role in excessive alcohol consumption than the availability of the substance itself.
Conducted in 1962 and 1963 in Atlanta in the USA, the featured article seems the first to have tested whether problem-drinking offenders will take a drug which enforces abstinence by generating deterrent reactions to alcohol, if the alternative is a criminal justice sanction. Read more...
Background: Depression in the workplace creates a significant burden on employees and employers in terms of lost productivity and related costs. myStrength provides a robust, holistic web- and mobile-based solution empowering users to learn, practice, and implement a range of evidence-based psychological interventions.
This report brings together information on people receiving specialist interventions for drug problems and for problem drinking in England, other than patients receiving this treatment in prison.
What is already known about this topic?
The United States has experienced a sharp increase in hepatitis C virus (HCV) incidence that can be attributed to injection drug use. Some states have used public health laws and treatment policies to reduce the risk for transmission of HCV infections among persons who inject drugs.
What is added by this report?
Each year from 2006 to 2010, excessive alcohol consumption was responsible for approximately 4,300 deaths among persons aged <21 years, and, in 2010, underage drinking cost the United States $24.3 billion.
To determine whether prescription opioid use is associated with higher dementia risk or greater cognitive decline.
Prospective cohort study.
Group Health, an integrated healthcare delivery system.
A new study published in the Journal of Addiction Medicine suggests that a tele-psychiatric approach which uses video-link technology in combination with medicinal treatment in the form of buprenorphine could be as effective as the usual method of using face-to-face sessions.
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