Research

Alcohol Consumption and Parenthood

Citation
Borschmann, Rohan, Denise Becker, Elizabeth Spry, George J. Youssef, Craig A. Olsson, Delyse M. Hutchinson, Edmund Silins et al. "Alcohol and parenthood: An integrative analysis of the effects of transition to parenthood in three Australasian cohorts." Drug and Alcohol Dependence 197 (2019): 326-334.
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Heavy harmful drinking remains one of the leading modifiable risk factors for disease

The Substance Use Intervention Team: A Preliminary Analysis of a Population-level Strategy to Address the Opioid Crisis at an Academic Health Center

Citation
Thompson and Hill. J Addict Med
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Objective: In 2017, an academic health center in Chicago launched the multidisciplinary Substance Use Intervention Team (SUIT) to address opioid misuse across 18 inpatient units and in a new outpatient addiction medicine clinic. This report assesses the first 5 months of implementation and associations with patient health and healthcare utilization.

Immigration Status and Substance Use Disorder-Related Mortality in Sweden

Citation
Lundgren et al. J Addict Med
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Objectives: First-generation immigrants, in many countries, are healthier than their native counterparts. This study examined the association between first- and second-generation immigrant status and alcohol- or drugs other than alcohol-related (primarily opioids) mortality for those with risky substance use.

Relevancia clínica de los receptores GABA-b en el tratamiento de la adicción a las drogas

Citation
Cedillo-Zavaleta, L. N., Ruíz-García, I., Jiménez-Mejía, J. C., & Miranda-Herrera, F. (2019). Relevancia clínica de los receptores GABAB en el tratamiento de la adicción a las drogas. Revista Mexicana de Neurociencia, 19(6), 32-42.
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Resumen

El ácido γ-aminobutírico (GABA) es el principal neurotransmisor inhibitorio del sistema nervioso central (SNC) de los mamíferos y ejerce su acción a partir de la activación de tres receptores distintos. El receptor GABAB es una heterodímero con dos subunidades de siete dominios transmembranales, caracterizado en la década de 1970, y que ha sido ampliamente estudiado con relación a diferentes tipos de enfermedades.

Evaluating a Real World Ban on Menthol Cigarettes: An Interrupted Time Series Analysis of Sales

Citation
Michael Chaiton, Robert Schwartz, Jennifer Shuldiner, Gabrielle Tremblay, Robert Nugent; Evaluating a real world ban on menthol cigarettes: an interrupted time series analysis of sales, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, , ntz041, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/ntz041
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Abstract

Background

The Increased Trend of Non-drinking Alcohol Among Adolescents: What Role Do Internet Activities Have?

Citation
Larm, Peter, Jonas Raninen, Cecilia Åslund, Johan Svensson, and Kent W. Nilsson. "The increased trend of non-drinking alcohol among adolescents: what role do internet activities have?." European journal of public health 29, no. 1 (2018): 27-32.
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Youth alcohol consumption is declining across many European counties, often alongside similar decreasing trends in drug use and smoking. One of the explanations as to why we are seeing these patterns is that adolescents do not drink alcohol because they spend more time indoors on the internet.<

The Effects of Oxytocin on Withdrawal, Craving and Stress Response in Heroin-Dependent Patients

Citation
Moeini, Mina, Abdoallah Omidi, Mojtaba Sehat, and Hamid Reza Banafshe. "The Effects of Oxytocin on Withdrawal, Craving and Stress Response in Heroin-Dependent Patients: A Randomized, Double-Blind Clinical Trial." European addiction research 25, no. 1 (2019): 41-48.
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Oxytocin is a neuropeptide produced by the hypothalamus.
Oxytocin is a neuropeptide produced by the hypothalamus.

According to the

The Link Between Smoking and Cognitive Functioning in People with Psychosis

Citation
Vermeulen J, Schirmbeck F, Blankers M, van Tricht M, Bruggeman R, & van den Brink W. et al. (2018). Association Between Smoking Behavior and Cognitive Functioning in Patients With Psychosis, Siblings, and Healthy Control Subjects: Results From a Prospective 6-Year Follow-Up Study. American Journal Of Psychiatry, 175(11), 1121-1128.
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The study findings indicate that smoking is associated with poorer cognitive performance and smoking cessation may improve processing speed in patients.
The study findings indicate that sm

Implementation Science and Stigma Reduction Interventions in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Citation
Kemp, C. G., Jarrett, B. A., Kwon, C. S., Song, L., Jetté, N., Sapag, J. C., ... & Baral, S. (2019). Implementation science and stigma reduction interventions in low-and middle-income countries: a systematic review. BMC medicine, 17(1), 6.
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Abstract

Background

Interventions to alleviate stigma are demonstrating effectiveness across a range of conditions, though few move beyond the pilot phase, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Implementation science offers tools to study complex interventions, understand barriers to implementation, and generate evidence of affordability, scalability, and sustainability.

Alcohol Industry CSR Organisations: What Can Their Twitter Activity Tell Us about Their Independence and Their Priorities? A Comparative Analysis

Citation
Maani Hessari N, van Schalkwyk MC, Thomas S, Petticrew M. Alcohol Industry CSR Organisations: What Can Their Twitter Activity Tell Us about Their Independence and Their Priorities? A Comparative Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(5):892.
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Abstract

There are concerns about the accuracy of the health information provided by alcohol industry (AI)-funded organisations and about their independence. We conducted a content analysis of the health information disseminated by AI-funded organisations through Twitter, compared with non-AI-funded charities, to assess whether their messages align with industry and/or public health objectives.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Emotions Thought to Drive Effective Therapy

Citation
Psychotherapy: 2018, 55(4), p. 461-472.
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Research findings amalgamated for the American Psychological Association show that the outcomes of psychotherapy are substantially and significantly better the more the therapist or especially the client display emotional arousal during therapy - though among substance use clients, focusing on emotions has not been universally helpful.

Hazardous Alcohol Use among Patients with Schizophrenia and Depression

Citation
Subramaniam, Mythily, Mithila Valli Mahesh, Chao Xu Peh, Junda Tan, Restria Fauziana, Pratika Satghare, Bhanu Gupta, Kandasami Gomathinayagam, and Siow Ann Chong. "Hazardous alcohol use among patients with schizophrenia and depression." Alcohol 65 (2017): 63-69.
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Harmful alcohol use is known to increase the risk of alcohol dependence as well as physical conditions such as hypertension, cardiovascular disease, and cirrhosis.

Assessing Prenatal Alcohol Exposure in a Study of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Citation
Freeman, Jacinta, Carmen Condon, Sharynne Hamilton, Raewyn C. Mutch, Carol Bower, and Rochelle E. Watkins. "Challenges in accurately assessing prenatal alcohol exposure in a study of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder in a youth detention center." Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research (2018).
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Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) is a diagnostic term used to describe physical, neurodevelopmental, and cognitive impairments that have occurred following exposure to alcohol during pregnancyThe diagnosis of FASD requires a complex assessment and confirmation of maternal alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Obtaini

Alcohol Use by Adolescents in Ghana

Citation
Asante, Kwaku Oppong, and Nuworza Kugbey. "Alcohol use by school-going adolescents in Ghana: Prevalence and correlates." Mental Health & Prevention (2019).
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Harmful alcohol consumption during adolescence poses a major public health issue as it affects several aspects of young peoples’ health and wellbeing.

Alcohol Consumption Behaviours in the Immediate Aftermath of Earthquakes: Time Series Study

Citation
Kobayashi D, Hayashi H, Kuga H, et al Alcohol consumption behaviours in the immediate aftermath of earthquakes: time series study BMJ Open 2019;9:e026268. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026268
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Abstract

Objectives: Earthquakes are a distressing natural phenomenon that can disrupt normal health-related behaviours. The aim of this study was to investigate changes in alcohol consumption behaviours in the immediate aftermath of mild to moderate earthquakes.

Nightlife and Alcohol Consumption among Youths: The Botellón Phenomenon in Spain

Citation
Pedrero-García, E. (2018). Nightlife and Alcohol Consumption Among Youths: The Botellón Phenomenon in Spain. SAGE Open. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244018800903
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Abstract

In this article, we approach the botellón phenomenon as a widespread nightlife activity among Spanish youths. Botellón consists of youths meeting up, primarily on weekend nights, in open-air public spaces to talk and consume the alcoholic beverages that they have prepared. The objective of this study was to analyze the motives, attitudes, and consequences related to the practice of botellón during the leisure time of youth.

Utilization of Addiction Treatment among U.S. Adults with History of Incarceration and Substance Use Disorders

Citation
Tsai and Gu Addict Sci Clin Pract (2019) 14:9 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-019-0138-4
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Abstract

Background

The high prevalence of substance use disorders (SUDs) among incarcerated adults in the U.S. is well-known, but there has been less examination of SUD treatment and rates of incarceration among the population of adults with SUDs as the denominator.

Substance Use among Youth with Chronic Medical Conditions

Citation
Weitzman, Elissa R., Parissa K. Salimian, Lily Rabinow, and Sharon Levy. "Perspectives on substance use among youth with chronic medical conditions and implications for clinical guidance and prevention: A qualitative study." PloS one 14, no. 1 (2019): e0209963.
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Adolescence is generally associated with health, development and growth. However, a great number of adolescents are affected by chronic illness - defined as a disability interfering with normal life and/or demanding treatment. Substance use often begins in adolescence.

Prevalence and Pattern of Psychoactive Substance Use among Female Students in North India

Citation
Kaur, Rajbir, Tarundeep Singh, Debasish Basu, and Rajesh Kumar. "Prevalence and pattern of psychoactive substance use among female students aged 18-25 years in universities of North India." International Journal Of Community Medicine And Public Health 6, no. 2 (2019): 602-609.
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The frequent collection, analysis and publication of data on psychoactive substance use among young people is essential to follow trends which can be used to inform practice and public health policy.

Efficacy of Monthly Buprenorphine Injections for Opioid Use Disorders

Citation
Haight, Barbara R., Susan M. Learned, Celine M. Laffont, Paul J. Fudala, Yue Zhao, Amanda S. Garofalo, Mark K. Greenwald et al. "Efficacy and safety of a monthly buprenorphine depot injection for opioid use disorder: a multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial." The Lancet (2019).
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Opioid use disorder is a chronic, relapsing disease and a global health burden. Treatment for OUD tends to involve a combination of medication and behavioural intervention.

A Promising Alternative to Opioid Pain Medications

Citation
Ding, Huiping, Norikazu Kiguchi, Dennis Yasuda, Pankaj R Daga, Willma E Polgar, James J Lu, Paul W Czoty, Shiroh Kishioka, Nurulain T Zaveri, and Mei-Chuan Ko. "A Bifunctional Nociceptin and Mu Opioid Receptor Agonist Is Analgesic without Opioid Side Effects in Nonhuman Primates." Science Translational Medicine 10, no. 456 (2018):
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There is a growing problem of misuse of prescription opioids, opioid addiction, and overdose.

Effectiveness of a New Multi-Component Smoking Cessation Service Package for Patients with Hypertension and Diabetes in Northern Thailand

Citation
Aung et al. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (2019) 14:10 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-019-0197-2
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Abstract

Background

Smoking cessation is an achievable behavioral change, which reduces the risks of cardiovascular diseases, cancers and tobacco-related diseases.

A Mobile Clinic Approach to the Delivery of Community-Based Mental Health Services in Rural Haiti

Citation
Fils-Aimé JR, Grelotti DJ, Thérosmé T, Kaiser BN, Raviola G, et al. (2018) A mobile clinic approach to the delivery of community-based mental health services in rural Haiti. PLOS ONE 13(6): e0199313. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0199313
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Abstract

This study evaluates the use of a mental health mobile clinic to overcome two major challenges to the provision of mental healthcare in resource-limited settings: the shortage of trained specialists; and the need to improve access to safe, effective, and culturally sound care in community settings.

Trends in Self-Poisoning and Psychotropic Drug Use in People Aged 5–19 Years

Citation
Cairns R, Karanges EA, Wong A, et al Trends in self-poisoning and psychotropic drug use in people aged 5–19 years: a population-based retrospective cohort study in Australia BMJ Open 2019;9:e026001. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-026001
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Abstract

Objectives: To characterise trends in self-poisoning and psychotropic medicine use in young Australians.

Design: Population-based retrospective cohort study.

Adolescent Beliefs About Hookah and Hookah Tobacco Use and Implications for Preventing Use

Citation
Fitzpatrick M, Johnson AC, Tercyak KP, Hawkins KB, Villanti AC, Mays D. Adolescent Beliefs About Hookah and Hookah Tobacco Use and Implications for Preventing Use. Prev Chronic Dis 2019;16:180093. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5888/pcd16.180093.
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Abstract

Introduction

Hookah tobacco use is popular among youths and there is evidence that perceived risks and normative beliefs are associated with hookah use. The aim of this study was to further examine associations between perceived risks of hookah use, normative beliefs, and lifetime hookah use among youths.

Methods

The Response of Retailers in Scotland to the Standardised Packaging of Tobacco Products Regulations and Tobacco Products Directive

Citation
Richard I Purves, Crawford Moodie, Douglas Eadie, Martine Stead; The Response of Retailers in Scotland to the Standardised Packaging of Tobacco Products Regulations and Tobacco Products Directive, Nicotine & Tobacco Research, Volume 21, Issue 3, 18 February 2019, Pages 309–313, https://doi.org/10.1093/ntr/nty181
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Abstract

Introduction

With most marketing channels prohibited, the retail environment has assumed greater importance for tobacco companies, even in markets with a ban on the open display of tobacco products. Research has yet to qualitatively explore how retailers respond to standardized packaging in a country where this has been introduced.

Methods

Standards of Evidence for Conducting and Reporting Economic Evaluations in Prevention Science

Citation
Crowley, D.M., Dodge, K.A., Barnett, W.S. et al. Prev Sci (2018) 19: 366. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11121-017-0858-1
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Abstract

Over a decade ago, the Society for Prevention Research endorsed the first standards of evidence for research in preventive interventions. The growing recognition of the need to use limited resources to make sound investments in prevention led the Board of Directors to charge a new task force to set standards for research in analysis of the economic impact of preventive interventions.

Drug-Induced Prolonged Corrected QT Interval in Patients with Methadone and Opium Overdose

Citation
Soroosh et al. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (2019) 14:8 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-019-0196-3
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Abstract

Background

Iran is a country with the highest rate of opioid addiction in the world. The most commonly used opioid in Iran is opium, and methadone is in second place. The trend of drug use has changed from opium to methadone from 2006 to 2011. Presence of a large number of addicted people and methadone maintenance therapy clinics make methadone readily available in Iran.