Research

Variation in Cannabinoid Metabolites Present in the Urine of Adults Using Medical Cannabis Products in Massachusetts

Citation
Gilman JM, Schmitt WA, Wheeler G, et al. Variation in Cannabinoid Metabolites Present in the Urine of Adults Using Medical Cannabis Products in Massachusetts. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(4):e215490. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5490
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The findings of this cohort study are consistent with those of a study of cannabis products purchased in California and Washington, in which more than one-half of products were incorrectly labeled.

Association of Gestational Opioid Exposure and Risk of Major and Minor Congenital Malformations

Citation
Wen X, Belviso N, Murray E, Lewkowitz AK, Ward KE, Meador KJ. Association of Gestational Opioid Exposure and Risk of Major and Minor Congenital Malformations. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(4):e215708. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5708
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Abstract

Importance  The rapid increase of opioid-related overdoses and deaths has become a public health concern in the US. Use of prescription opioids in pregnant women has increased; results from teratogenicity studies remain controversial.

 

Between invisibility and stigma: Consumption of psychoactive substances in pregnant and postpartitent women in three general hospitals in Argentina

Citation
Diez, M., Pawlowicz, M. P., Vissicchio, F., Amendolaro, R., Barla, J. C., Muñiz, A., & Arrúa, L. (2020). Entre la invisibilidad y el estigma: consumo de sustancias psicoactivas en mujeres embarazadas y puérperas de tres hospitales generales de Argentina. Salud colectiva, 16, e2509.
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summary

Impact of active and/or passive tobacco use on pregnancy and postpartum

Citation
Míguez MC, Pereira B. Repercusiones del consumo de tabaco activo y/o pasivo en el embarazo y postparto. An Pediatr (Barc). 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anpedi.2020.07.029

summary

introduction

Smoking can cause side effects during pregnancy and postpartum. The objective of this study was to assess various impacts that active and/or passive maternal tobacco use can have on pregnancy, childbirth, newborn and breastfeeding, as well as the effect of tobacco cessation on the first trimester of pregnancy.

Effectiveness of Psychosocial Interventions for Reducing Parental Substance Use

Citation
McGovern R, Newham JJ, Addison MT, Hickman M, Kaner EFS. Effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for reducing parental substance misuse. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2021, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD012823. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD012823.pub2. Accessed 12 April 2021.

Psychosocial interventions are talking or practical activities, techniques or strategies that are delivered to individuals or groups.

The aim of this systematic review is to analyse the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions that are designed to help parents to change their drinking or drug use and address any related problems they are having regarding the care of their children. 

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Reported Violence Against Women and Girls

Since the global outbreak of COVID-19, and the introduction of restrictions and lockdowns in countries around the world, evidence suggests that there has been a dramatic increas in reports of violence against women and girls.

The aim of this report is to improve our understanding of the link between COVID-19 and the rise in violence against women and girls.

Sildenafil and Suicide in Sweden

Citation
Catalano, R., Goldman-Mellor, S., Bruckner, T.A. et al. Sildenafil and suicide in Sweden. Eur J Epidemiol (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10654-021-00738-4
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Abstract

Much theory asserts that sexual intimacy sustains mental health. Experimental tests of such theory remain rare and have not provided compelling evidence because ethical, practical, and cultural constraints bias samples and results. An epidemiologic approach would, therefore, seem indicated given the rigor the discipline brings to quasi-experimental research.

Women and Alcohol

Citation
Alcohol Res. 2020;40(2):14 • https://doi.org/10.35946/arcr.v40.2.14
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This is a special edition of the Journal Alcohol Research: Current Reviews. It is open source and has new articles on women and alcohol use.

Association between Legalization of Recreational Cannabis and Fatal Motor Vehicle Collisions in the United States: An Ecologic Study

Citation
Windle, S. B., Eisenberg, M. J., Reynier, P., Cabaussel, J., Thombs, B. D., Grad, R., ... & Filion, K. B. (2021). Association between legalization of recreational cannabis and fatal motor vehicle collisions in the United States: an ecologic study. CMAJ open, 9(1), E233-E241.
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Abstract

Background: With the recent legalization of recreational cannabis in Canada, cannabis-impaired driving is an important public safety concern. Our aim was to examine the association between recreational cannabis legalization and fatal motor vehicle collisions using data from the United States, which present a timely natural experiment of cannabis legalization.

Comparison of Water Pipes vs Other Modes of Cannabis Consumption and Subsequent Illicit Drug Use in a Longitudinal Cohort of Young Swiss Men

Citation
Tsai D, Foster S, Baggio S, Gmel G, Mohler-Kuo M. Comparison of Water Pipes vs Other Modes of Cannabis Consumption and Subsequent Illicit Drug Use in a Longitudinal Cohort of Young Swiss Men. JAMA Netw Open. 2021;4(4):e213220. doi:10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.3220
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Abstract

Importance: There are concerns that the use of water pipes to consume cannabis is associated with increased risks of engaging in more addictive behaviors.

Objective: To examine whether consuming cannabis with a water pipe was associated with later consumption of other illicit drugs compared with not using a water pipe.

The Emerging Global Tobacco Treatment Workforce: Characteristics of Tobacco Treatment Specialists Trained in Council-Accredited Training Programs from 2017 to 2019

Citation
Sheffer, C. E., Al-Zalabani, A., Aubrey, A., Bader, R., Beltrez, C., Bennett, S., ... & Wendling, A. (2021). The Emerging Global Tobacco Treatment Workforce: Characteristics of Tobacco Treatment Specialists Trained in Council-Accredited Training Programs from 2017 to 2019. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(5), 2416.
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Abstract

Tobacco use is projected to kill 1 billion people in the 21st century. Tobacco Use Disorder (TUD) is one of the most common substance use disorders in the world. Evidence-based treatment of TUD is effective, but treatment accessibility remains very low. A dearth of specially trained clinicians is a significant barrier to treatment accessibility, even within systems of care that implement brief intervention models.

Secondary School Students’ Perceptions of a Mobile Application Design for Smoking Prevention

Citation
Uribe-Madrigal, R. D., Gogeascoechea-Trejo, M. D. C., Mota-Morales, M. D. L., Ortiz-Chacha, C. S., Salas-García, B., Romero-Pedraza, E., Ortiz-León, M. C. (2021). Secondary school students’ perceptions of a mobile application design for smoking prevention. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 7(March), 24. https://doi.org/10.18332/tpc/132965

ABSTRACT

Patient and Provider Knowledge of and Attitudes toward Medical Conditions and Medication during Pregnancy

Citation
Shadowen, C., Wheeler, R. & Terplan, M. Patient and provider knowledge of and attitudes toward medical conditions and medication during pregnancy. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 22 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00228-8
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Abstract

Background

Knowledge of medical conditions and their evidence-based medications varies among individuals. This range of knowledge may affect attitudes and influence medical decision-making of both patients and providers.

A Combined Community Health Worker and Text Messaging-Based Intervention for Smoking Cessation in India: Project MUKTI – A Mixed Methods Study

Citation
Hejjaji, V., Khetan, A., Hughes, J. W., Gupta, P., Jones, P. G., Ahmed, A. ... Josephson, R. A. (2021). A combined community health worker and text messaging-based intervention for smoking cessation in India: Project MUKTI – A mixed methods study. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 7(March), 23. https://doi.org/10.18332/tpc/132469

ABSTRACT

Introduction:
We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of a community health worker (CHW) led smoking cessation intervention, supplemented by text messages, and tailored to an individual’s readiness to quit.

Pattern and Determinants of Alcohol and Tobacco Co-Use and its Relationship with Smoking Cessation in Hong Kong

Citation
Ho, R. K. S., Fok, P. W. Y., Chan, H. C. H. (2021). Pattern and determinants of alcohol and tobacco co-use and its relationship with smoking cessation in Hong Kong. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 7(March), 22. https://doi.org/10.18332/tpc/132288

ABSTRACT

Road Traffic Injuries and Substance Use among Emergency Department Patients in the Dominican Republic and Peru

Citation
Cherpitel, C. J., Witbrodt, J., Ye, Y., Monteiro, M. G., Málaga, H., Báez, J., & Ponce de León Valdés, M. (2021). Road traffic injuries and substance use among emergency department patients in the Dominican Republic and Peru. Rev Panam Salud Publica; 45, mar. 2021.
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Objective: To report demographic and substance use characteristics and risk of road traffic injury (RTI) from alcohol use, cannabis use, and combined use in a sample of emergency department patients from two countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.

Association of Children’s Mode of School Instruction with Child and Parent Experiences and Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic — COVID Experiences Survey, United States, October 8–November 13, 2020

Citation
Verlenden JV, Pampati S, Rasberry CN, et al. Association of Children’s Mode of School Instruction with Child and Parent Experiences and Well-Being During the COVID-19 Pandemic — COVID Experiences Survey, United States, October 8–November 13, 2020. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2021;70:369–376. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm7011a1
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Summary

What is already known about the topic?

COVID-19–associated schooling changes present stressors to children and parents that might increase risks to mental health and well-being.

What is added by this report?

Joint Effects of Alcohol Use, Smoking and Body Mass Index as an Explanation for the Alcohol Harm Paradox: Causal Mediation Analysis of Eight Cohort Studies

Citation
Peña, S., Mäkelä, P., Laatikainen, T., Härkänen, T., Männistö, S., Heliövaara, M., & Koskinen, S. Joint effects of alcohol use, smoking and body mass index as an explanation for the alcohol harm paradox: causal mediation analysis of eight cohort studies. Addiction.
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Abstract

Background and Aims

Lower socio‐economic status (SES) is associated with higher alcohol‐related harm despite lower levels of alcohol use. Differential vulnerability due to joint effects of behavioural risk factors is one potential explanation for this ‘alcohol harm paradox’.

Integrating Patient Perspectives in the Development of a Mobile Health Intervention to Address Chronic Pain and Heavy Drinking in Primary Care: A Qualitative Study of Patients in an Urban, Safety-Net Hospital Setting

Citation
Palfai, T.P., Kratzer, M.P.L., Morone, N.E. et al. Integrating patient perspectives in the development of a mobile health intervention to address chronic pain and heavy drinking in primary care: a qualitative study of patients in an urban, safety-net hospital setting. Addict Sci Clin Pract 16, 20 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-021-00230-0
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Abstract
Background

Chronic pain and heavy drinking are conditions that commonly co-occur among primary care patients. Despite the availability of behavioral interventions that target these conditions individually, engagement and adherence to treatment remain a challenge, and there have been no interventions designed to address both of these conditions together for patients presenting to primary care.

The Short-Term Impact of 3 Smoked Cannabis Preparations versus Placebo on PTSD Symptoms: A Randomized Cross-Over Clinical Trial

Citation
Bonn-Miller, M. O., Sisley, S., Riggs, P., Yazar-Klosinski, B., Wang, J. B., Loflin, M. J., ... & Doblin, R. (2021). The short-term impact of 3 smoked cannabis preparations versus placebo on PTSD symptoms: A randomized cross-over clinical trial. Plos one, 16(3), e0246990.
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Abstract

 

Importance

 

There is a pressing need for development of novel pharmacology for the treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Given increasing use of medical cannabis among US military veterans to self-treat PTSD, there is strong public interest in whether cannabis may be a safe and effective treatment for PTSD.

 

Objective

 

Internet‐Based Therapy versus Face‐To‐Face Therapy for Alcohol Use Disorder: A Randomized Controlled Non‐Inferiority Trial

Citation
Johansson, M., Sinadinovic, K., Gajecki, M., Lindner, P., Berman, A. H., Hermansson, U., & Andréasson, S. (2020). Internet‐based therapy versus face‐to‐face therapy for alcohol use disorder, a randomized controlled non‐inferiority trial. Addiction.
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Abstract

Background and aims

Most people with alcohol use disorder (AUD) are never treated. Internet‐based interventions are effective in reducing alcohol consumption and could help to overcome some of the barriers to people not seeking or receiving treatment. The aim of the current study was to compare internet‐delivered and face‐to‐face treatment among adult users with AUD.

Psychosocial factors associated with the use of psychoactive substances in adolescents in Pereira, Colombia

Citation
Álvarez–López, Ángela, Carmona-Valencia, N., Pérez-Rendón, Ángela, & Jaramillo-Roa, A. (2020). Factores psicosociales asociados al consumo de sustancias psicoactivas en adolescentes de Pereira, Colombia. Universidad Y Salud, 22(3), 213-222. https://doi.org/10.22267/rus.202203.193
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summary

introduction:

The use of psychoactive substances is a public health problem with high prevalence in adolescents, a situation that influences individual and social development in adulthood.

objective:

Determine psychosocial factors related to the use of psychoactive substances in secondary school adolescents and middle education of a public educational institution in the urban area of Pereira.

Harm Reduction via Online Platforms for People who Use Drugs in Russia

Citation
Davitadze, A., Meylakhs, P., Lakhov, A. et al. Harm reduction via online platforms for people who use drugs in Russia: a qualitative analysis of web outreach work. Harm Reduct J 17, 98 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12954-020-00452-6
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This research investigates how web outreach work is being used as a tool for delivering some harm reduction services to people who use drugs (PWUD) either partially or completely online and for engaging new clients (including hard-to-reach PWUD that avoid attending brick-and-mortar facilities). Harm reduction organizations should consider incorporating online harm reduction services into their activities.

A Delphi yarn: applying Indigenous knowledges to enhance the cultural utility of SMART Recovery Australia

Citation
Dale, E., Lee, K., Kelly, P.J., Ivers, R., Clapham, K, & Conigrave, J.H. (2021b). A Delphi yarn: Applying Indigenous knowledges to enhance the cultural utility of SMART Recovery Australia. Addiction Science & Clinical Practice. 16, 2. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13722-020-00212-8
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Background: Mutual support groups are a popular treatment for substance use and other addictive behaviours. However, little is known about the cultural utility of these programmes for Indigenous peoples.

A multi-methods yarn about SMART Recovery: First insights from Australian Aboriginal facilitators and group members

Citation
Dale, E., Lee, K., Conigrave, J.H., Ivers, R., Clapham, K, and Kelly, P.J (2021). A multi-methods yarn about SMART Recovery: First insights from Australian Aboriginal facilitators and group members. Drug and Alcohol Review https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/dar.13264
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SMART Recovery is a popular mutual support group program. Little is known about its suitability or perceived helpfulness for Indigenous peoples. This study explored the cultural utility of SMART Recovery in an Australian Aboriginal context.

Psychopathological co-morbidity in a drug-dependent population in alentejo

Citation
Co-morbilidade psicopatológica numa população toxicodependente do Alentejo
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Co-morbidity or dual diagnosis is established by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the 'co-occurrence in the same individual of a dysfunction of psychoactive substance use and other psychiatric disorder' (WHO, 1995).