Research

Gender-Specific Substance Use Patterns and Associations with Individual, Family, Peer, and School Factors in 15-Year-Old Portuguese Adolescents: A Latent Class Regression Analysis

Citation
Picoito J, Santos C, Loureiro I, Aguiar P, Nunes C. Gender-specific substance use patterns and associations with individual, family, peer, and school factors in 15-year-old Portuguese adolescents: a latent class regression analysis. Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health. 2019 May 10;13(1):21.
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Background

Adolescence is a critical period of vulnerability to substance use. Recent research has shown that gender differences in adolescence substance use are complex and in constant flux. The present study aims to investigate gender differences in substance use and initiation patterns in male and female adolescents, and to assess individual, family, peer, and school associated factors of these patterns.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: ‘No Effect’ from Targeting Child Drinking via the Parents

Citation
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews: 2019, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD012287.
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Findings of this comprehensive review seem to almost entirely deflate what in the mid-2000s was a bubble of enthusiasm for parental programmes as a way to prevent or reduce drinking among teenagers - but despite this overall verdict, some interventions have had remarkabl

Global Research Mapping of Substance Use Disorder and Treatment 1971–2017: Implications for Priority Setting

Citation
Tran et al. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy (2019) 14:21 https://doi.org/10.1186/s13011-019-0204-7
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Abstract

Background

Globally, substance use disorders are prevalent and remain an intractable public health problem for health care systems. This study aims to provide a global picture of substance use disorders research.

Does Occupational Distress Raise the Risk of Alcohol Use, Binge-Eating, Ill Health and Sleep Problems among Medical Doctors? A UK Cross-Sectional Study

Citation
Medisauskaite A, Kamau C Does occupational distress raise the risk of alcohol use, binge-eating, ill health and sleep problems among medical doctors? A UK cross-sectional study BMJ Open 2019;9:e027362. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-027362
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Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to assess the prevalence of health problems (eg, insomnia, binge-eating, substance use and ill health) among UK doctors and to investigate whether occupational distress increases the risk of health problems.

The Nationwide Study Report on Relapse and Associated Factors among Drug Users in Bangladesh

Citation
: http://www.amic.org.bd/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/Nationwide-Study-on-Relapse-and-Other-Factors-among-the-Drug-Users-in-Bangladesh.pdf
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Geographical location and diverse cultural influence make Bangladesh vulnerable for substance use related problems. It is impairing public health, corrupting institutions, retarding socio-economic development, and in some cases, impacting state security. It has been observed that many patients relapse into previous substance using behavior after completing treatment.

Enfermería en adicciones: El modelo teórico de H. Peplau a través de los patrones funcionales de M. Gordon. A propósito de un caso práctico.

Citation
Arce, A. H., De Gámiz, E. B. L., Navarro, F. M., Martínez, H., & Jiménez-Lerma, J. M. (2003). Enfermería en adicciones: El modelo teórico de H. Peplau a través de los patrones funcionales de M. Gordon. A propósito de un caso práctico. Trastornos adictivos, 5(2), 58-74.
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Resumen

Objetivo

Estudio de un caso práctico de un usuario de un centro ambulatorio de atención a drogodependencias a través de los patrones funcionales de salud de M. Gordon desde el modelo de H. Peplau.

Material y métodos

Se describe el modelo teórico de Peplau así como la valoración de enfermería según M. Gordon atendiendo a cada patrón y a su significado según la experiencia de las autoras.

Effectiveness Bank Analysis: Therapy ‘Toolbox’ Helps Rescue Poorly Recovering Patients at London Maintenance Clinic

Citation
Lancet Psychiatry: 2019, 6, p. 391-402.
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Instead of a set programme, a clinic in London tried offering patients prescribed methadone or buprenorphine but still using heroin or cocaine a selection from a suite of well-supported psychological interventions tailored to the patient, and then systematically re-tailored in the light of how they responded.

Not without my Mobile Phone: Alcohol Binge Drinking, Gender Violence and Technology in the Spanish Culture of Intoxication

Citation
Romo-Avilés, N., García-Carpintero, M. Á., & Pavón-Benítez, L. (2019). Not without my mobile phone: alcohol binge drinking, gender violence and technology in the Spanish culture of intoxication. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 1-11.
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Abstract

The practice of binge drinking has in recent decades consolidated what is known as the ‘culture of intoxication’ among young people of Spain. This has coincided with the increase in the use of mobile-phone technology and of social networks within the night-time economy.

Socioeconomic Inequalities in the Delivery of Brief Interventions for Smoking and Excessive Drinking: Findings from a Cross-Sectional Household Survey in England

Citation
Angus C, Brown J, Beard E, et al Socioeconomic inequalities in the delivery of brief interventions for smoking and excessive drinking: findings from a cross-sectional household survey in England BMJ Open 2019;9:e023448. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023448
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Abstract

Objectives: Brief interventions (BI) for smoking and risky drinking are effective and cost-effective policy approaches to reducing alcohol harm currently used in primary care in England; however, little is known about their contribution to health inequalities.

Rethinking Addiction

Citation
Ewald, D. R., Strack, R. W., & Orsini, M. M. (2019). Rethinking Addiction. Global Pediatric Health. https://doi.org/10.1177/2333794X18821943
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Abstract

Addiction is a complex and challenging condition with many contributing factors. Although addictive behaviors appear to be individual choices, behavior alterations cannot be addressed successfully without considering characteristics of the physical and social environments in which individuals live, work, and play.

Community Response to the Initiation of Smoking in Indonesian Early Adolescents

Citation
Kumboyono, Kumboyono, Achir Yani S. Hamid, Junaiti Sahar, and Saptawati Bardosono. "C10ommunity response to the initiation of smoking in Indonesian early adolescents: a qualitative study." International Journal of Adolescence and Youth (2019): 1-11.
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Prevalence of smoking in Indonesia is on the increase. The trend is particularly noticeable among Indonesian adolescents with smoking in early adolescents increasing from 9.5 to 17.5% from 2001 to 2010.

Cannabidiol (CBD) Content in Vaporized Cannabis does not Prevent Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)-induced Impairment of Driving and Cognition

Citation
Arkell, T.R., Lintzeris, N., Kevin, R.C. et al. Psychopharmacology (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00213-019-05246-8
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Abstract

Background

The main psychoactive component of cannabis, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), can impair driving performance. Cannabidiol (CBD), a non-intoxicating cannabis component, is thought to mitigate certain adverse effects of THC. It is possible then that cannabis containing equivalent CBD and THC will differentially affect driving and cognition relative to THC-dominant cannabis.

Involving Service Users in Mental Health Policy Making

Citation
Lancaster, K., Seear, K., Treloar, C., & Ritter, A. (2017). The productive techniques and constitutive effects of ‘evidence-based policy’ and ‘consumer participation’ discourses in health policy processes. Social Science & Medicine, 176, 60-68.
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There has been increasing support for the engagement of people who use mental services in the process of policy improvement. It would seem to make sense that those most directly affected by policy responses should have their views represented. This brings in to question the alternate forms of ‘evidence’ that can be used as part of evidence-based practice.

Mental Health in the Americas: An Overview of the Treatment Gap

Citation
Kohn R, Ali A, Puac-Polanco V, Figueroa C, López-Soto V, Morgan K, et al. Mental health in the Americas: an overview of the treatment gap. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 2018;42:e165. https://doi.org/10.26633/RPSP.2018.165
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[ABSTRACT]. Objective. To understand the mental health treatment gap in the Region of the Americas by examining the prevalence of mental health disorders, use of mental health services, and the global burden of disease. Methods. Data from community-based surveys of mental disorders in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, and the United States were utilized.

Comparing Credentialing Requirements of Substance Abuse Treatment Staff by Funding Source

Citation
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2792883/
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Studies have found that clinicians with higher education and/or attainment of national certification have a more favorable outlook regarding the adoption of evidence-based practices. However, staff hiring decisions may be based on a multitude of factors, including available resources and demands stemming from different funders.

Metabolic Pathways and Potencies of New Fentanyl Analogs

Citation
Wilde M, Pichini S, Pacifici R, Tagliabracci A, Busardò FP, Auwärter V and Solimini R (2019) Metabolic Pathways and Potencies of New Fentanyl Analogs. Front. Pharmacol. 10:238. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2019.00238
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Up to now, little is known about the metabolic pathways of new fentanyl analogs that have recently emerged on the drug markets worldwide with high potential for producing addiction and severe adverse effects including coma and death. For some of the compounds, limited information on the metabolism has been published, however, for others so far no information is available.

Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder among Special Subpopulations: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis

Citation
Popova, S., Lange, S., Shield, K., Burd, L., and Rehm, J. ( 2019) Prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder among special subpopulations: a systematic review and meta‐analysis. Addiction, https://doi.org/10.1111/add.14598.
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Abstract

Aim

To collate prevalence estimates of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) among special subpopulations (defined by service use).

Alcohol Misuse in the Armed Forces

Citation
Leightley, Daniel, Jo-Anne Puddephatt, Laura Goodwin, Roberto Rona, and Nicola T. Fear. "InDEx: Open Source iOS and Android Software for Self-Reporting and Monitoring of Alcohol Consumption." Journal of open research software 6 (2018).
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Alcohol misuse in the UK armed forces is more than double than that of the general population, yet many of those who drink at harmful levels do not seek help. Preliminary research has shown how effective digital technologies can be used as a health intervention.

A Public Health Approach to Alcohol Use and its Related Harms in Iran

Citation
Shokoohi, Mostafa, Afarin Rahimi-Movaghar, Alireza Noroozi, and Mohammad Karamouzian. "A public health approach to alcohol use and its related harms in Iran." The Lancet Public Health 4, no. 4 (2019): e175-e176.
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In Iran, alcohol consumption, production, and trade are criminalised for Muslim citizens; however, bootleg alcohol and harmful alcohol consumption is a burden that should not be overlooked.

Combined Effects of Marijuana and Nicotine on Memory Performance and Hippocampal Volume

Citation
Filbey, F. M., McQueeny, T., Kadamangudi, S., Bice, C., & Ketcherside, A. (2015). Combined effects of marijuana and nicotine on memory performance and hippocampal volume. Behavioural brain research, 293, 46-53.
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Highlights

  • Examined drug effects of tobacco, marijuana and combined marijuana + nicotine use.
  • Hippocampal volumes were smaller in marijuana users (with or without nicotine).
  • Abnormal brain-behavior relationships in combined marijuana + nicotineusers.

Abstract

Combined use of marijuana (MJ) and tobacco is h

Youth Perspective on Parental Approaches to Substance Use

Citation
Slemon, Allie, Emily K. Jenkins, Rebecca J. Haines-Saah, Zachary Daly, and Sunny Jiao. "“You can’t chain a dog to a porch”: a multisite qualitative analysis of youth narratives of parental approaches to substance use." Harm reduction journal 16, no. 1 (2019): 26.
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Reducing the harms of youth substance use is a global priority. Parents have the potential to play a key role in these efforts. However, it is felt that parents are often unsure about how to address substance use with their children. Parent responses to youth substance use are often grounded in abstinence and critiqued as ineffective and unresponsive to youth contexts.

Sober Social Networks: The Role of Online Support Groups in Recovery from Alcohol Addiction

Citation
Bliuc, Ana‐Maria, Tuyet‐Ngan Doan, and David Best. "Sober social networks: The role of online support groups in recovery from alcohol addiction." Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 29, no. 2 (2019): 121-132.
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The internet allows us to connect and interact with people from around the world. Online networks have increasingly been used as a source of health information.

DSM-5 in Patients Seeking their First Treatment for Alcohol Use Disorder. Sex Differences in the Multicenter CohRTA Study

Citation
Sanvisens, A., Zuluaga, P., Rubio, G., Short, A., Gual, A., Álvarez, F. J., ... & CohRTA, E. C. E. (2019). DSM-5 en pacientes que solicitan el primer tratamiento del trastorno por uso de alcohol. Diferencias de sexo en el estudio multicéntrico CohRTA. Adicciones.

Abstract

Objective: We aimed to analyze sex differences in the DSM-5 criteria among patients admitted to  their first treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD). Methods: Assessment of AUD was carried out using DSM-5 diagnostic criteria in a multicenter study (CohRTA) within the Spanish Network on Addictive Disorders.

Lung Cancer Mortality in Australia in the Twenty-First Century: How Many Lives Can Be Saved with Effective Tobacco Control?

Citation
Luo, Q., Steinberg, J., O’Connell, D. L., Yu, X. Q., Caruana, M., Wade, S., ... & Dunlop, S. (2019). Lung cancer mortality in Australia in the twenty-first century: How many lives can be saved with effective tobacco control?. Lung Cancer, 130, 208-215.
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Highlights

  • Quantified the number of lung cancer deaths averted in Australia through tobacco control.
  • Almost 2 million lung cancer deaths have already been prevented over the period 1956–2100.
  • Lung cancer will continue to be a significant public health concern in Australia.
  • Achieving zero smoking by 2025 would resul

Can Web-Based Preenrollment Alcohol Brief Interventions be Effective Screening Tools? Precollege Drinking Behavior Predicts College Retention and Alcohol Violations

Citation
Duane F. Shell, Ian M. Newman & Lok-wa Yuen (2019) Can Web-based preenrollment alcohol brief interventions be effective screening tools? Precollege drinking behavior predicts college retention and alcohol violations, Journal of American College Health, DOI: 10.1080/07448481.2019.1590369
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Abstract

Objective: To test if precollege drinking data gathered during an online brief intervention are associated with problems and could inform screening for campus alcohol prevention efforts. 

Participants: Two cohorts of incoming students (N = 5300). 

Mindful Body Awareness Training as Part of Treatment for Substance Use Disorder

Citation
Price, Cynthia J., Elaine Adams Thompson, Sheila Crowell, and Kenneth Pike. "Longitudinal effects of interoceptive awareness training through mindful awareness in body-oriented therapy (MABT) as an adjunct to women’s substance use disorder treatment: A randomized controlled trial." Drug and Alcohol Dependence (2019).
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The experiencing of intense emotions, low-stress tolerance, avoidance, and feelings of a loss of control can negatively impa

Differences in Service Utilization and Barriers among Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites with Drug Use Disorders

Citation
Perron, B. E., Mowbray, O. P., Glass, J. E., Delva, J., Vaughn, M. G., & Howard, M. O. (2009). Differences in service utilization and barriers among Blacks, Hispanics, and Whites with drug use disorders. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 4(1), 3.
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Abstract

Background

Treatment for drug use disorders (DUD) can be effective, but only a small proportion of people with DUD seek or receive treatment. Research on racial and ethnic treatment differences and disparities remains unclear. Understanding racial and ethnic differences and disparities in drug treatment is necessary in order to develop a more effective referral system and to improve the accessibility of treatment.